Jedburgh is an operation of the allied forces which aimed to develop bonds between the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force and the maquis and to equip the Résistant S in order to immobilize the forces of the Axe far from the coasts before the Débarquement of Normandy. This objective was achieved while parachuting behind the German lines of small groups of Officier S and men having for Mission of raising and of arming the civil population in order to destroy the lines of enemy Communication.
Origin of the name
The first code name of the operation is Jumper .
Description of the operation
The teams parachuted behind the enemy lines operate in Uniforme with an officer pertaining to the host country (Belgian, French, Dutch). They will be parachuted in zones dealt with by the Special Operations Executive, with more than sixty kilometers behind of the lines to act and have transmissions with the staffs or London.
The teams Jedburgh are teams of three men especially trained and parachuted in enemy zones to prepare the D-day. Each team includes/understands two officers and a operator radio.
The operators radios will ensure the contact between maquis and power station of London on the one hand and friendly regular troops of invasion on the other hand. One counts 66 American warrant officers off of the Office Strategic Services at the beginning. They receive an intensive formation with Henley-one-Thames and undergo personality tests, a important Entraînement physical and drives with the Tir and the Combat.
On the hundred teams envisaged in 1943, 94 will be made up. On the unit, one account 14 French radios. The radios ensure the contact with the friendly regular troops approaching the zones of maquis.
The only contact of the radios with outside is the Station Charles whose operators are trained with the changes of frequencies and the call and makings of contact. Two daily contacts are allowed; the hours of contact are fixed, the frequencies can vary. The Station Charles ensures the connection with 64 teams Jedburg and 24 regular mobile stations the north of the the Loire in July 1944.
- the Jedburgh teams in the battle of France by A. Calmette
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