Origins, studies and familyBorn the August 3rd 1948 with Poitiers, he is the son of Jean Raffarin, who was Secretary of State to the Agriculture of the Gouvernement Mendès France in 1954, and of Mrs., born Renee Michaud. It has two sisters (Jacqueline Raffarin, born in 1938, and Francoise, Vilain wife, born in 1947) and a brother, Gerard Raffarin (born in 1939).
He studies with the Lycée Henri-Iv of Poitiers, then share with Paris to study the Droit to the university Paris II-Assas. He is then graduate National college of business of Paris, promotion 1972 (the same one as Michel Barnier). He carries out a training course during nearly one year, within the framework of his schooling, the Fébor soap factory in the the Eure.
Contrary to much of politicians, it carries out part of its professional path in the private one:
- member of the direction Marketing of the coffees Jacques Vabre of 1973 with 1976.
- managing director of Bernard Krief Communication of 1981 with 1988.
- acting general of the Institute Euro-92 of 1988 with 1989.
The Canard connected reveals that it was paid ANPE (National agency for employment) of 1976 with 1981, while occupying the function of chief of the cell communication to the cabinet of Lionel Stoléru, Secretary of State to the Worker manuals then with the Immigrants.
In 1978, following the resignation of his/her father, he becomes president of the public limit company of rural real estate credit of the Vienna, structure founded in 1956 by Jean Raffarin and affiliated with the Real estate credit of France. It makes bear fruit this heritage throughout the years 1980, and becomes, of fusion in fusion with other companies of real estate credit, chair Real estate credit of Poitou-Charentes then Real estate credit of France Mid-west.
BeginningsHe is member of the Jeunes giscardiens, and general secretary of GSL (Génération social and liberal), which is melted in the Republican party in 1977. He is successively stimulating, national delegate, assistant national secretary and member of the political office (1977), then national secretary of the town councilors of this party (1989 - 1995).
Cofounder of the Popular party for the French democracy, he is the assistant acting general (1995 - 1997). Member of the political office of UDF (1996), it takes share with the creation of liberal Démocratie, of which he is member of the political office (1997), then vice-president until fusion with the UMP (2002).
Its local career the fact City council man (opposition) of Poitiers of 1977 with 1995, regional adviser of the area Poitou-Charentes in 1986, then president of the District council of the area Poitou-Charentes France) (1988 - 2002), where it succeeds Louis Fruchard, its mentor. In 1995, it leaves the municipal council of Poitiers to become, until in 2001, assistant of the mayor of Chasseneuil-du-Poitou, commune of residence of its family. he becomes UMP vice-president of the district council of Poitou-Charentes, elected in the department of Vienna (2002) - (2004);
European member of Parliament, minister, senatorHe is parliamentary European of 1989 with 1995, elected on a list UDF - RPR.
The May 17th 1995, it is named Minister for the Small and medium-size companies, the Trade and the Craft industry by Alain Juppe. In September of the same year, it is made elect senator Vienna, but does not exercise this mandate to remain with the government. It is especially made know at that time for its action in favor of the protection of the craftsmen bakers.
Re-elected with the Senate on September 21st 1997, it resigns on June 6th 2002 following its nomination with like Prime Minister. Re-elected on September 26th 2004, whereas he is always chief of the government, he does not sit.
A by-election caused after its departure of the government by the resignation of its substitute enables him to be re-elected senator UMP of the Vienna, obtaining with the first turn 56,98% of the voices of the 1.046 Great Electors.
- Government Jean-Pierre Raffarin (1) of the May 7th to the June 17th 2002
- Government Jean-Pierre Raffarin (2) of the June 17th 2002 with the March 31st 2004
- Government Jean-Pierre Raffarin (3) of the March 31st 2004 with the May 31st 2005
In 2002, Jacques Chirac hesitates between him and Nicolas Sarkozy like Prime Minister. The presence of Jean-Marie Le Pen to the second turn encourages it to choose, the May 6th, Jean-Pierre Raffarin, judged less on the right than the mayor of Neuilly.
It starts by controlling by decrees, before obtaining a vast UMP majority to support it at the time of the legislative elections (363 UMP deputies out of 577). Its political policy, marked of a personal style as regards Communication, sticks to the reforms with a certain firmness. It is impressed of Néolibéralisme, according to its adversaries, in any case conforms to the principles of its original party liberal Démocratie .
In 2003, it leads the reform of the retirements, that of the Décentralisation and of the health insurance, in spite of several Grève S and Manifestation S. Its media Minister of Interior Department, Nicolas Sarkozy, makes him shade and the importance taken by this one, like the great investment of the president of the Republic in the businesses of the State, reduces its sphere of activity. The important fall of its popularity, a stable and raised time, like shingling demolished with the regional elections of 2004 (its area, like all the others except for the Alsace and from the Corsica , passes to left) are interpreted as being due to an insufficient industrial relations policy. A cabinet reshuffle in this direction with place, offering to Nicolas Sarkozy the Ministry for Finances and to Jean-Louis Borloo the ministry for the social Affairs. Jean-Pierre Raffarin is then quartered between the policy of this last (in particular its policy of construction of HLM and development of helped employment) supported by Jacques Chirac and the will of Nicolas Sarkozy to manage finances “as a good father of family”, before this last does not leave the government to assume the chairmanship of UMP.
With the row of the important texts that it made adopt, the relative law with the application of the principle of secularity to the school was it in 2004. It also sets up the Journée of solidarity towards the elderly.
The victory of “not” with the referendum over the constitution project European of the May 29th 2005, is fatal in Jean-Pierre Raffarin. The failure of this countryside, combined with a popularity with low, leads it to give its resignation of Prime Minister the May 30th 2005 to the president Chirac. The rumor says that Henri Emmanuelli, tenor of “not”, called it, the evening even of May 29th, 2005, to thank it: “without you, nothing had been possible. ” It is replaced at once by Dominique de Villepin.
“Raffarinades”The term “Raffarinade” quickly was essential within the French press, to start with the satirical press, to indicate declarations of Jean-Pierre Raffarin, formulated in a style which is clean for him. Among most outstanding, one can quote: “ the road is right, but the slope is strong ” and “ The Yes needs the No to win against the No! ”.
Dialog & InitiativeJean-Pierre Raffarin is in addition president of the political club of reflection Dialog & Initiative.
The 400e birthday of QuebecAt the beginning of 2006, the president Jacques Chirac named Mr. Raffarin chair French Steering Committee to celebrate the 400e birthday of the town of Quebec, entrusting the mission to him of gathering coherent French initiatives to commemorate, with its right value, this birthday highly symbolic system. The town of Quebec is the first permanent French colony in America and was only and single capital of the News-France. It was founded in 1608, by French Samuel de Champlain, him even originating in the current area Poitou-Charentes.
- Knight of the Legion of honor
- Grand Cross of the National order of the Merit
- Officer of the National order of Quebec
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