Jean-Pierre Melville , of his true name Jean-Pierre Grumbach , was a Réalisateur French, born the October 20th 1917 in Paris and dead the August 2nd 1973 in Paris. It chooses its pseudonym in homage to the American writer Hermann Melville.
BiographyAfter the War, which he asserts to have made in resistance then while taking part in the unloading in Provence, he asks for a chart of assistant director who is refused to him. He becomes his own producer and turns a short film.
Perceived a long time like an intellectual, because in particular of his very literary adaptation of the Silence of the sea of Vercors, at the point to seem with Jean Cocteau the setter in images very indicated of his Enfant terribles , it challenged this term, being perceived more like an author.
In 1955, it creates its own studios in XIIIe district of Paris, street Jenner, reinventing the use of a warehouse above which it will live of 1953 to 1967, going down even nuitamment to prepare the plans of the following day. It produced its films there until June 29th, 1967 when a fire destroys the studios during the turning of the Samurai . Obsessional, it will persist in remaining in its studios where it will assemble the Army of the shades .
Man painful, passeist, sensitive to the critic at the point to panic in front of the white sheet after the failure of its last film, a cop , it is deceased continuations of an brain attack which has occurred in the restaurant of hotel PLM St Jacques (Paris XIVe).
Jean-Pierre Melville taught the setting in scene with IDHEC, in the middle of the years 1960.
He seems one of the spiritual fathers of the “New wave” by his methods of production and his manner of filming, near of the report, in natural decoration and using a weak auxiliary lighting.
Catalog of films
- 1945 - Twenty-four hours of the life of a clown
- 1947 - the Silence of the sea
- 1950 - the Enfant terribles
- 1953 - When you read this letter
- 1955 - Bob the flambor
- 1959 - Two men in Manhattan
- 1961 - Leon Morin, priest
- 1962 - Doulos
- 1963 - the Elder one of Ferchaux
- 1966 - the Second Breath
- 1967 - the Samurai
- 1969 - the Army of the shades
- 1970 - the red Circle
- 1972 - a cop
- 1948 - dramas of the wood of Boulogne , Short-measuring of Jacques Loew
- 1950 - Orphée of Jean Cocteau, managing hotel
- 1959 - Two men in Manhattan , Moreau
- 1960 - Breathless of Jean-Luc Godard, Parvulesco
- 1963 - Landru of Claude Chabrol, Georges Mandel
- the Studios Jenner
Jean Pierre Melville INA
Resulting from " scenario writers of our temps" series of ACE Labarthe
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