Jean-Baptiste Bory of Saint-Vincent
Jean-Baptiste Genevieve Marcellin Bory of Saint-Vincent is an officer French born the July 6th 1778 with Agen and dead the December 22nd 1846 with Paris. Naturalist and geographer, it in particular was interested in the Volcanologie, the Botanique and the Systématique.
YouthBorn with Agen in 1778, J. - B. Bory follows its family to Bordeaux in 1787. It would have followed courses of Chirurgie and Médecine of 1791 to 1793. During the Terror (1793 - 1794), it takes refuge in the Landes.
Its first erudite publications go up with 1796 - 1798. It comes then into contact with many Naturaliste S. Ainsi, it is known that he was the pupil of the geologist and mineralogist Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu with the School of the mines of Paris.
After the death of his father, it engages in the army in 1799. It is then affected in Brittany. In September 1800, it marries with Rennes Anne-Charlotte Delacroix of Thébaudais, with which it has two girls: Augustine, born the February 7th 1801, and Clotilde, born the May 25th 1803. His wife dies in 1823, after their separation.
Scientific exhibitionHe learns the departure from a scientific exhibition organized by the government and obtains thanks to that which holds place of father to him the place of Zoologiste as a chief on board the one of the participating corvettes then meets Bernard Germain of Lacépède, which grants its confidence to him. Thus after having left the army of the west at the end of August then obtained ministry for the war an indefinite leave, Jean-Baptiste Bory of Saint-Vincent leaves Paris the September 30th, arrives at the Havre the October 2nd and leaves the city the 19 on board the one of the two ships that the captain Nicolas Baudin will take along around the world of 1800 to 1804, the Naturalist .
It stops at the time of a stopover to the Mauritius in March 1801. From there, it joined the May 23rd 1801 the close Réunion, where it carries out in October and November 1801 the rise and the first general scientific description of the Piton of the Furnace, the active Volcan of the island.
It is of return in Metropolitan France the July 11th 1802. His/her mother died at the time of her absence. It publishes a Voyage in the islands of Africa . It in addition takes again service in the army as of its return as staff officer: he becomes captain-assistant of state major of Louis Nicolas Davout the October 3rd 1804. He is then affected, in 1803 - 1805, with the Camp of Boulogne.
Erudite careerHe continues in parallel his erudite career: he is elected corresponding Muséum in August 1803 and correspondent of the first class of the Institut of France to spring 1808. In 1804, it publishes Essais on the fortunate islands and Voyage in the four principal islands of the seas of Africa . The impression of this relation dedicated to Mathieu Dumas is supervised by the young person Jean-Marie Leon Dufour, in whom Bory foresees a future large naturalist
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