the éphéméride | All on January and 2005
Current events of the month of January 2005
Saturday the 1st er January 2005
- France: the ministry for the interior hardens the conditions to lodge a foreigner in visit. lemonde.fr
- Paris: Essilor replaces Sodexho Alliance in the index CAC 40.
- France, civil statue: the parents have from now on the right to name their children of the name of the father, the mother or to join both.
- France: modifications of the laws touching with the Divorce. Lightening of the procedures and attempts to alleviate the situation are the discussion thread of these installations of the Loi.
- France, Telephony: the phone networks were very requested at the time of the very first hour of this day. One estimates thus that in one hour, it was sent more texto that during one day supplements average.
- France, Delinquency: publication of the figures of the déliquance, which record a total fall of 4,2% over the year 2004.
- Asia, humanitarian aid: the government aid in favor of Asia exceeds 1,2 billion dollar. lemonde.fr
- Turkey, Currency: coming into effect of the new Turkish pound which is worth 1.000.000 of books. The tickets in old pounds still remain valid for the commercial exchanges a year.
- E. - U., American football: match impossible to circumvent of the university season, the “Pink Bowl Game” spent this year with the catches the Université of Michigan to that of the Texas. Texans are essential of a breath, on the score of 38-37. The man of the match is the Quarterback of Texas, Vince Young, which signs four touchdowns in race, for 192 Yard S gained! With the master key, 180 yards gained for another touchdown.
- E. - U., Legislation: coming into effect in California of a law comparable with PACS French for the homosexual couples.
- Medicine: the American pharmaceutical laboratory Eli Lilly with the current, as of the Années 1980, of the worrying side effects of their drug high-speed motorboat, the Prozac, would have been prescribed with nearly 50 million people in the world, and would have sought to minimize the repercussions of them. lemonde.fr
- Argentinian: a fire burst in a crammed nightclub of the center of Buenos Aires, making at least 175 died and 889 wounded according to the last official results. Several doors were condemned by “wire and locks” when fire was declared. lemonde.fr reuters.fr lefigaro.fr
- Peru: partisans of the movement ultra-nationalist Etnocacerista, directed by Antauro Humala, took by storm a police station of Andahuaylas in the morning (10. 30 UTC), to require the resignation of the president of the Republic Alejandro Toledo. Four police officers were killed during a shooting with the rebels. lemonde.fr
- Burundi: forty six rebels of National liberation armies (FNL), the last rebel movement of Burundi, and three soldiers were killed, at the time of a “operation of scale” of the army close to the capital to the country, Bujumbura, one learned, Sunday, near the army. lemonde.fr
- Madagascar: the Ariary replaced the Malagasy franc like currency.
- Morocco: installation of a medical cover basic for the active employees and the pensioners of the sectors public and deprived and their having right, that is to say approximately 5 million people (17% of the population).
- Democratic republic of Congo: torrential rains on Saturday night with Uvira caused a death and carried a hundred houses.
Sunday January 2nd 2005
- Croatia, presidential election: at the time of the first turn, the current president Stjepan Mesić (70 years, of center-left) received 48,92% of the voices compared with 20,31% in favor of the Deputy Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor (51 years, of the party of the Croatian democratic Union (HDZ) with the capacity). Since the legislative elections of 2003, the president cohabits with the government with majority HDZ of the Prime Minister Ivo Sanader. The second turn between Mesic and Kosor will take place the January 16th.
- Spain, Road safety: fatal road accident in Spain, implying a because ensuring the connection Paris - Casablanca. The victims all are of the Morrocans and the assessment is heavy: five dead and thirty wounded on the thirty-seven occupants of the vehicle.
- France, Auto industry: publication of the number of new cars sold in France in 2004: one passes finally to the top of the threshold of the two million after a second half-year definitely more dynamic than puffing the first six-month period 2004.
- France, Football:
- Television, rebroadcast right: Canal+ already announces to have recorded a hundred and thousand new subscribers following the purchase in Exclusivité in the rights of the Championnat of France of football for the period July 2005 - June 2008.
- Football: Loïc Amisse is dislocated of its functions of Entraîneur of FC Nantes. Serge Dizet takes over.
Monday January 3rd 2005
- Provisional appraisal of the devastations caused by the Tsunami S: 155.000 died and more than five million homeless person.
- Asia: the American Marine is already operational with broad of the Indonesia, the country more touched. French and Australian quotas are in transport route. lemonde.fr
- Iraq: a wave of murder attempts struck Iraq making at least 30 killed, of which one carried out by a Kamikaze close to the seat of the party of Iraqi the Prime Minister to Baghdad which cost the life four people. Minister of defense Iraqi, Hazim Al Chaalane, has not excluded carryforward from elections envisaged January 30th, if Sunnite S, which claims that they are differed, were to boycott them. lemonde.fr
- Peru: Lima announces an imminent action against the police station with the hands of former servicemen of the group Etnocacerista. lemonde.fr
- France: Jacques Chirac and Jean-Pierre Raffarin posted their will to make progress the income of the French to support the growth. However, INSEE does not expect that one increase moderated in first half of the year (+ 0,5%). The government counts him on 2,2% for the year. lemonde.fr
- France, Medicine: national Strike of the Pediatrist S to protest against the remuneration of the profession. They ask the payment of the obligations and claim in particular an increase of 4 euros of their basic fees.
- France: La Poste publishes a stamp paroramic illustrated by a sight of the new bright burning coal Viaduc of Millau to the facial value of 0,50 euro.
- France, Antiterrorisme: opening to the Magistrates' court of Paris of the lawsuit of the “lieutenants” of Bin Laden, free-Algerian Djamel Beghal in the highest degree.
- Portugal, Seismology: light a Earthquake magnitude 4,4 on the scale of Richter shakes the south of Portugal: light damage, not of victims.
- Canada: discovered of a case of Mad cow in the province of the Alberta. The animal reached by ESB (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) was born in 1996.
- E. - U. : the highways with the accesses of Los Angeles are blocked by snow. The chain of the Sierra Nevada indeed recorded strong snowfalls, which slightly touched the areas of plain; more modest snowfalls occurred in the center town of Los Angeles.
- Algeria: announces by the Algerian authorities of the arrest of Nourredine Boudiafi, chief of GIA.
- Mali: Burden 72 hours of the students with the colleges, faculties, and vocational schools and technical of Bamako to give their support for their comrades stopped since nearly one month within the framework of the investigation on the tragic death of the student Mamadou Dramane Traoré.
Tuesday January 4th 2005
- Iraq: the governor of Baghdad, Ali Radi Al-Haïdari and one of his guards were assassinated with Baghdad by armed men, who opened fire on the convoy of the governor while it moved between the Al-Adl and Al-Hourreya districts, in the west of the city. The group of the Jordanian extremist Abou Moussab Al-Zarqaoui asserted this assassination of a man who had called, the December 27th, to adopt a hard line vis-a-vis the insurrectionists.
- France: Mohammed Al-Joundi, the Syrian guide of the two French ex-hostages in Iraq, Christian Chesnot and Georges Malbrunot, carries felt sorry for in front of the Court of Bankruptcy of Paris against the American army “for ill treatments, tortures and threats”. It charged the lawyer Jacques Vergès with defending her interests.
- France, AIDS: the Court of Appeal of Colmar confirmed the judgment in six months of prison pronounced by the magistrates' court of Strasbourg against a man put in examination for “administration of harmful substances having attacked the physical integrity or psychic of others, having involved a permanent infirmity”. Knowing its Seropositivity, it had however had sexual relationships not protected with four women. This judgment causes debates within associations on the prevention policy to be carried out. Humanité.fr
- Senegal: the meeting of evaluation of the Process of Bamako (2000), bearing on the “democratic institutions and practices in French-speaking space”, was organized with Dakar January 4th and 5th 2005, by the International organization of the francophonie in partnership with Office of the High Commission with the Human rights and promotion of Peace in Senegal.
Wednesday January 5th 2005
- Consequences of the tsunamis of December 26th, 2004: the decision of Doctors without borders (MSF) to suspend his collection of gifts for the emergency operations in Asia, in order to guarantee the good use of it, caused reactions sometimes sharp of others ONG in search of funds, for a long-term help. The idea of a Moratoire on the debt of the countries disaster victims also runs up against obstacles. lemonde.fr
- Iraq: Iraqi the Prime Minister Iyad Allaoui sliced, in spite of the renewal of violence, in favor of the maintenance of the general elections at the date envisaged of the January 30th. lemonde.fr
- Israel and Palestine: the three main organizations Palestinian extremists launched attacks against Israel, thus being unaware of the calls to the reserve of Mahmoud Abbas, favorite of the presidential election of Sunday in the autonomous territories. reuters.fr
- France, Paris: Djamel Beghal, judged to Paris with five other islamist militants supposed to have prepared in 2001 an attack against the embassy of the United States in France, reconsidered its last declarations and denied to have known the assistant of Usama Bin Laden, Abou Zoubeïda. reuters.fr lemonde.fr
- Corsica France, : three attacks (succeeded or missed) aimed, these last months, of the buildings of State education. They did not make victims. The Minister for Education, Francois Fillon, estimates “through the school, it is the Republic which is blamed. ” lemonde reuters.fr
- France, Riom: opening of the appeal of the painter and Dutch photographer Kiki Lamers, condemned in first authority to eight month of prisons in August 2004 for photographs of judged children obscenes. lemonde.fr
- Chile: Augusto Pinochet is continued for nine removals and a homicide, made within the framework of the joint operations organized by the South American military regimes in the years 1970. The judge Juan Guzman assigned with residence and placed in a state of arrest the former Chilean dictator. lemonde.fr
- Saint-Gobain: Jean-Louis Beffa, the president of Saint Gobain, wishes that the future agency of industrial innovation (AII) be created in less than four months and is equipped by the State with a billion euros per annum. Jacques Chirac had not evoked, Tuesday, that an envelope of two billion over three years. lemonde.fr reuters.fr
- the United States, Hockey: the Canada reconquered the title of world champion of hockey junior after a seven years long delay. Beyond the gold medal, the Canadians swept their rivals of the beginning to the end of the tournament to the North Dakota. In six meetings, Canada established a record of the tournament by granting only seven goals and registered a total of 41 goals. The Russia gains the money whereas the Czech Republic gains bronze vis-a-vis the the United States.
- Swiss: day of national mourning following the Earthquake of December 26th, 2004 announced by the new president, Samuel Schmid. It is the greatest tragedy which the country has known for more than 200 years.
- Mauritania: The capital punishment against the ex-commander Mauritanian Saleh Ould Henenna marked to be the person in charge of a series of putsches in 2003 and 2004 in Mauritania was required by the criminal Bog manganese Naga court (is of Nouakchott).
Thursday January 6th 2005
- South Africa, AIDS: Nelson Mandela old South African president, Nobel Prize of peace 1993, at 86 years, announced that his/her son junior, Makgatho Mandela, 54 years, is deceased continuations of the AIDS to Johannesburg. He added: “For some time already, I say It is necessary to speak publicly about the AIDS and not to hide it . The only means of showing that it is about a normal disease, like the Tuberculose or the Cancer, is to say openly that somebody died of the AIDS. ”
- Asia, top of Jakarta: the general secretary of the the United Nations, Kofi Annan, launched a new call to the international assistance in favor of the populations disaster victims by the tidal waves, at the time of the International Conference called in the capital Indonesia. He quantified with nearly a billion dollar the sum necessary to answer for six months to the needs for first need for some 5 million moved. reuters.fr lemonde.fr
- Iraq: the journalist Frenchwoman Florence Aubenas, 43 years, and its Iraqi interpreter have not contacted the daily newspaper Libération for more than twenty-four hours. The French ministry of the Foreign affairs confirmed not to have any French news of the journalist and his Iraqi assistant. reuters.fr lemonde.fr
- Ukraine, presidential election: the Supreme court of Ukraine rejected the recourse of the former Prime Minister pro-Russian Viktor Ianoukovitch against its defeat to the “third” turn of the presidential election vis-a-vis the candidate pro-Westerner Viktor Iouchtchenko. reuters.fr
- France: the operated identity checks Thursday, January 6 by the police force around the significant schools raised a polemic on the relevance and the legality of this type of action, supposed to contribute to the fight against school violences. lemonde.fr lexpress.fr
- France: while solemnly requiring of the government to present “without delaying” a bill on the equal pay in the companies, the president of the Republic vigorously started again, Tuesday, January 4, the more general debate on discriminations from which continue to suffer the women, in particular in their professional life. lemonde.fr
- Paris, France: the National Assembly, the town hall of Paris and several bridges are illuminated Olympic colors in the honor of the French candidature for the Olympic Games of summer of 2012: Paris 2012.
- China: the country counts officially 1,3 billion inhabitants.
- South Africa: Nelson Mandela, former president of South Africa and figure of the combat against apartheid, announced at the time of a press conference with Johannesbourg, that his/her son Makghato Mandela, 56 years old, is deceased VIH- AIDS. “In speaking is the only means of stopping seeing the AIDS like an extraordinary disease, because which people will go in hell rather than to the paradise”, that which declared fights since years the taboo and discriminations related to this disease.
- Zambia: Thousands of Zambians expressed Thursday with Lusaka the capital to claim the adoption of a new Constitution before the general elections envisaged in 2006.
Friday January 7th 2005
- Asia, G7: the group of the seven most industrialized countries planet (which includes/understands the United States, France, Italy, Germany, Japan, Canada and Great Britain) accepted a moratorium on the refunding of the debt of the countries victims of the tidal waves of December 26th in Asia, according to an official press release published Friday, January 7 in London. lemonde.fr
- France, Iraq: the daily newspaper worries about the fate of Florence Aubenas and of its guide-interprets Iraqi. The president of the Republic indicated, Friday, that “the French authorities formally disadvised journalist sending” in this country. The two journalists ex-hostages of Iraq, Christian Chesnot and Georges Malbrunot, wonder, them, about the methods of the exercise of journalism in Iraq in the current context. liberation.fr lemonde.fr lexpress.fr
- Italy: a collision between a train of passengers and a convoy of goods in Italy made at least thirteen died, declared Friday, January 7 the prefect Mario Morcone, directing firemen. “For the moment we know with certainty that there are thirteen died and we hope not of them to find others in parts of a coach which we did not succeed in yet exploring”, the person in charge declared who is on the spot of the accident. reuters.fr lemonde.fr
- Ireland: the chief of the police force of Northern Ireland showed, Friday January 7th, the Irish Republican Army (WILL GO) to be responsible for a burgling of more than 36 million Euro S, historical records, in an north-Irish bank the December 20th. This calling into question is denounced by the political arm of WILL GO, the Sinn Féin, “like a pretext to destroy the peace process”. lemonde.fr
- France: according to the deputy secretary with the budget, Jean-François Cope, “the falls of taxes cannot be financed by more deficit”. Brussels confirms its vigilance on French finances. lemonde.fr
- France: died of the author Pierre Daninos at 91 years. Its famous Carnets of the Major Thompson (1954) had given him a world assistantship.
- Economy: the dollar increased by 4,5% vis-a-vis the Euro in one week, whereas it had fallen on its low level compared to the European currency at the end of December. The progression of the American dollar, doped by the figures of employment to the the United States and the decisions of the Federal fund (EDF), should nevertheless slow down during 2005. lemonde.fr
- Mali: opening of the 5th edition of the Festival of the desert in Essakane (from January 7th to 9th.
- Somalia: Nomination of a new Somali government with Nairobi (Kenya) by the Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi.
- Democratic republic of Congo: An internal report of the United Nations made public on January 7th establishes that soldiers “blue helmets” of various nationalities deployed in Congo made sexual abuses. The soldiers “bought” sexual relationships with old young girls from 12 to 18 years against ridiculous sums (less than 5 dollars) and a little food.
Saturday January 8th 2005
- Europe: storms in the north of Europe make fourteen dead and two missings.
- France, Iraq: the drafting of Release accommodated with more the greatest caution Saturday of information on Florence Aubenas according to which the journalist and his interpreter, Hussein Al-Saadi, would be “in good health” some share in Iraq. reuters.fr lemonde.fr
- Palestine: the day before the presidential election for which Mahmoud Abbas appears favorite to succeed Yasser Arafat, the international observers checked Saturday if the restrictions of displacement in the Palestinian territories had been softened for the occasion, as promised by the Hebrew State. This one reserves the right to reconsider these measurements in the event of attack. nouvelobs.com the candidate of the Fatah gave up holding a meeting with Jerusalem-Is which was to close its electoral campaign. lemonde.fr
- Italy: a violent head-on collision between a regional train and a convoy of goods made thirteen died and an about sixty casualties, including five low registers, Friday, January 7 at the semi-day, close to Bologna, on a portion of single-track line. More than two hundred rescuers of Italian civil protection worked all the day and a good part of the night for désincarcérer the victims and to release the dislocated carcasses of the two trains. lemonde.fr
- France: doctors' association general practitioners Mg-France once again denounced Saturday medical convention between the health insurance and the medical trade unions, estimating that the variation of incomes between liberal general practitioners and liberal specialists “still increased” in 2004. nouvelobs.com lemonde.fr
- the United Kingdom: BBC, the British public television channel, received forty five thousand letters and telephone calls, a level record, before the diffusion televised, Saturday, January 8 at the evening, of Jerry Springer - the Opera , a musical comedy, considered to be coarse and blasphématoire, inspired by the talk show of the famous American TV host. lemonde.fr
- France: seventeen years after having launched the dressmaker Christian Lacroix, Bernard Arnault decided to separate some. The chairman of the world number one of the luxury did not manage to make of it “new Yves the St. Lawrence” announced, nor to transform his house into a claw of profitable mode, following the example Vuitton or Dior. lemonde.fr
Sunday January 9th 2005
- Palestine: Mahmoud Abbas gains the presidential election.
- Israeli-Arab Conflict: a French officer, employed by the the United Nations, was killed by a shell around the Fermes of Chebaa, south of the Lebanon. Planes israéliensl and the artillery aimed at probable positions of the Hezbollah.
- China: died at the 96 years age of Song Renqiong, general and former Chinese leader. It was, at the side inter alia Mao Zedong, one of the immortal eight. edicom
- France: died of Jacqueline Joubert at the 83 years age. She was the wife of Georges de Caunes and the mother of Antoine de Caunes.
- France: the Sunday newspaper publishes its annual classification of the preferred French of the French: 1st Zinedine Zidane, 2nd Michel Sardou, 3rd Francis Cabrel. Sister Emmanuelle, first woman, is sixth. Subscriber a long time in the first place, the Abbé Pierre has been for a few years already, with his request, except contest.
- Sudan: a final peace agreement in South-Sudan was signed Sunday in Nairobi between the Sudanese vice-president Ali Osman Taha and John Garang, chief of the rebellion Southerner of the popular Army of release of Sudan (SPLA), putting a term at the longest conflict in Africa (twenty and one years).
- West Africa: FAO recommends to the countries of West Africa and the North-West (Mali, Senegal, Mauritania, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Morocco, Algérie) to continue the fight against the locusts pilgrims and to remain vigilant in spite of the recent improvements noted in the actions antiacridiennes. A scientific international seminar on the locust pilgrim will be organized with Dakar from January 11th to 13rd.
Monday January 10th 2005
- African Union: opening of the first top of the Heads of State of the Council of peace and safety (CPS) of the African Union (UA) which is held with Libreville (Gabon) January 10th and 11th 2005. This top is devoted to the situation in Ivory Coast, Democratic republic of Congo and with the Darfur. rfi
- Israel, Palestine: in the same day,
- the new government of national union of Ariel Sharon was approved by the Israeli Parliament,
- Mahmoud Abbas, whose objectives are the research of peace and the fight against corruption, was declared elected president of the Palestinian Autorité with 66% of the voices. Sharon and seem to him posted a will to join again the dialog. lemonde.fr nouvelobs.com lemonde.fr
- France: the president of the Republic, Jacques Chirac, ensured Mahmoud Abbas “support” of the France and European Union to arrive to “a peaceful solution at the conflict of the Middle East”.
- France: Thierry Breton, president of France Telecom, announces a fall of the communications and a rise of the subscription, relaçant the price war in telephony.
- France: with 5.217 killed on the roads in 2004, the number of died in traffic accidents records significant drops of 9%, but the government however did not achieve the goal to pass under the bar of the 5.000.
- France: the television program “Of the figures and the letters” festival its 40 years.
- France died of a Leukemia of the humorist Georges Bernier alias Professor Choron at the 75 years age, founder of the magazine Hara-kiri become after its censure in 1969 Charlie Hebdo .
- the United States: “It is a big step, but there is to make still much”, estimates the White House concerning the victory of Mahmoud Abbas.
- Asia: whereas the rescuers continue to recover nearly two thousand bodies per day with Sumatra, the international assistance rose this day to 6,5 billion euros. lemonde.fr
- the assistance by a cancellation of the debt of the countries disaster victims is discussed during a top of the principal creditor countries. lemonde.fr
- Iraq, French disappearance of the journalist Florence Aubenas and her guide Hussein Hanoun Al Saadi: after the call of writers and prizes winner of the Nobel Prize of literature Sunday, a text of support was published by Arab journalists. Reporters without borders envisages one evening of support and French the Prime Minister, Jean-Pierre Raffarin, affirmed that “the State mobilizes all its means to find” Florence Aubenas and Hussein Hanoun Al Saadi. liberation.fr lemonde.fr nouvelobs.com
- France, business Erika : the general prosecutor of Paris declared favorable Monday to a new expertise in the investigation into the shipwreck of the Pétrolier Erika , a measurement which would delay several years the behavior of a lawsuit. lemonde.fr lexpress.fr
- France: Jean-Pierre Raffarin estimates to have for 2005 more rooms for maneuver to make reforms. Moreover, the Prime Minister invited the French to say “yes” to the European Constitution. For the Référendum, he will play his part, “neither more, nor less” that the other heads of government. reuters.fr lemonde.fr
- France: with 5.217 killed on the roads in 2004, the number of died in traffic accidents records significant drops of 9%, but the government however did not achieve the goal to pass under the bar of the 5.000. lexpress.fr nouvelobs.fr
- France, United Arab Emirates: suspected of having prepared attacks against American interests in France at the request of Al-Qaida, Djamel Beghal has appeared with five other men in front of the magistrates' court of Paris for one week. It detailed tortures which would have inflicted to him of the inspectors of the United Arab Emirates, after from which it would have acknowledged. lemonde.fr lexpress.fr
- Cuba: the cuban Foreign Minister, Mr. Perez Castling, declared that Havana had decided to restore its relations with all the embassies at the request of the Spain, of the Belgium, of the Luxembourg. lemonde.fr
- Iraq: according to the ministry for British Defense, some 9.000 British soldiers are in Iraq, essentially in the sector with Shiite majority of Al Basra. The Ukrainian outgoing president, Leonid Koutchma, as for him ordered Monday the withdrawal of the Ukrainian quota in Iraq in the first six months of the year. lemonde.fr
- Chile: Chilean justice authorized the setting in release on bail of the ex-dictator Augusto Pinochet, following an filed appeal by its lawyers. lemonde.fr
- France: died of a Leukemia of the humorist Georges Bernier alias Professor Choron at the 75 years age, founder of the magazine Hara-kiri become after its censure in 1969 Charlie Hebdo . nouvelobs lemonde.fr
- Mauritius: opening of the conference of the Alliance of the small Island states independent (Aosis) on the advanced one of the action plan signed in 1994 with the Barbados.
- African Union: opening of the first top of the Heads of State of the Council of peace and safety (CPS) of the African Union (UA) which is held with Libreville (Gabon) January 10th and 11th 2005. This top is devoted to the situation in Ivory Coast, Democratic republic of Congo and with the Darfur.
- Gabon: at the time of the top of the African Union (UA) with Libreville, the Gabonese president Omar Bongo Ondimba wished the creation of a African organization of humane intervention urgently in the event of natural disaster or conflict.
- Sudan: Thousands of Sudanese expressed their joy in the streets of Khartoum following the signature of an peace agreement between the Islamic regime of Khartoum and the rebellion of John Garang Sunday to Nairobi, with the Kenya.
- Guinea: A forum of the young people for peace and the development was held from January 10th to 12th 2005 with Conakry. Organized by UNDP (Program of the United Nations for the development) in collaboration with the Economic community of the States of West Africa (CEDEAO), it joined together one fifty of young people of the Ivory Coast, the Guinea, the Liberia and the Sierra Leone, representatives of student's associations, persons in charge of the national organizations of the young people, as well as young people of the rural areas and border zones of these four countries. These young people committed themselves contributing to the consolidation of peace and the development of the West African under-area, to) promoting the role of the young people in the peace process and of development in Ivory Coast, and within the Union of the river Mano (UFM, gathering Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone).
Tuesday January 11th 2005
- Senegal: Opening to Dakar of an international scientific seminar on the Locust pilgrim on the initiative of the Head of the Senegalese State, Abdoulaye Wade which as well calls “all the Heads of State those of the developed countries as those in the process of be it, at all the financial backers and specialized institutions for the conjugation of our efforts, in order to come to end from this plague which goes back in the mists of time”.
- Europe: The European commission adopts a " Deliver vert" for " an community approach of the management of the migrations économiques".
- Luxembourg: Death of SAR the Large-Duchess Joséphine Charlotte
Wednesday January 12th 2005
- France: the Court of Bankruptcy of Versailles condemned the American company GEMS (General Electric Medical Service) to immediately restore the use of the French in its establishment of Buc (Yvelines). This judgment, occurred following a complaint of the Trade union S CGT and CFDT on the basis of of the labor regulation and the Law Toubon, constitutes a first. It is indeed the first time in France which personnel of a company subjected to the Diktat of the English ose to complain.
- France: The Minister for justice, Dominique Perben, asked for the opening of an preliminary investigation concerning the remarks of Jean-Marie Le Pen, which declared with the newspaper of Extrême right-hand side Rivarol , that according to him, “in France at least, the German occupation was not particularly inhuman, even if there were burs, inevitable in a country of 550.000 square kilometers”. He also presented the Gestapo like a police force of protection of the people.
- France: official beginning of the balances of winter in France.
- France: arrival with Paris of the president of Iraq by interim, Ghazial Al-Yaouar.
- Kenya: The minister of sport Ochilo Ayacko announces that Kenya wishes to deposit its candidature for the organization of the Olympic Games of 2016.
Thursday January 13rd 2005
- France: legal searchings within the offices of the newspapers the Point and the Team , like in the residences of some journalists, to determine the personal identity which revealed extracts of phone-tappings as well as statements of hearing in the business of the doping of the team cyclist Cofidis. Several trade unions of press were made indignant by these searchings which they consider contrary with the respect of the good conditions of exercise of a free press. The secrecy of the sources of the journalists is indeed one of the pillars of journalism.
- France: the president Jacques Chirac receives the president of Iraq by interim, Ghazial Al-Yaouar.
- France: presentation of the wishes of Nicolas Sarkozy with the press. 88 minutes of speech, completely retransmis on line by the chain of information LCI…
- Health: The Ministers for the health of the Niger, of the Nigeria, the Egypt, the Burkina Faso, the Ivory Coast, the Central African Republic, the Sudan, and the Chad met in Geneva with the seat of the the World Health Organization. they decided to organize a series of vaccination campaign against the Poliomyélite and to reinforce the epidemiologic monitoring. In 2004, the number of struck African children of poliomyelitis doubled to reach 1.037
- Togo, Lome: procession of all the Togolese bodies in uniform and of the local political associations on the boulevard of Mono in the honor of the 38e birthday of the come to power of the president Gnassingbé Eyadéma, become the Festival of the national release.
Friday January 14th 2005
- Titan: the Huygens module, of the Space probe Cassini-Huygens, was well posed on Titan (its surface is hard) and carried out the first stereotypes:
- First image of the ground of Titan
- has 8 km of altitude
- has 16,2 km of altitude
- Cameroun: Opening of the 1st biennial one of Photography and Visual Arts, with Douala in Cameroun which will be held until January 23rd. On the topic “Traces and Memory” fourteen photographers and seventeen painters African, afro caribéens and Europeans expose their works.
- Mali: Enclose meeting with Bamako representatives of five producing countries of Africa sub-Saharan of Coton (Mali, Bénin, Burkina Faso, Senegal and Chad) who insist on the need for the countries developed to reduce the subsidies granted to their farmers. “For the only marketing year 2004-2005, center and West Africa will know a deficit estimated at more than 220 billion FCFA, that is to say more than 400 million dollars, thus worsening poverty by destroying the development efforts”, declared in a joint communiqué.
- Algeria: The Algerian government and the tribes kabyles (âarch S) signed an agreement in order to solve the crisis which has prevailed in Kabylie for 4 years. The âarchs wish the recognition of their identity Berbère and an economic revival program for their area.
Saturday January 15th 2005
- Algeria: an agreement between the tribes kabyles and the Algerian government at signed summer with Algiers. It should put an end to the crisis which had begun with the riot S following the death of a high-school pupil the April 18th 2001 in the gendarmerie of Béni Doauala, close to Tizi Ouzou. Violently repressed, these riots had made a hundred deaths.
- France: thousands of demonstrators ravel with Paris to celebrate the 30 years, the January 17th, of the Loi authorizing the Voluntary interruption of pregnancy (IVG) in France, it is as against demonstration with the demonstration the anti-IVG envisaged on January 23rd, the prefecture having refused as the two demonstrations occur the same day, it also makes it possible to clarify the increasing difficulty for the women to have access to the IVG because according to the demonstrators of the Clause of conscience and démentelement of the Public service of Santé.
- the United States: the Charles Graner corporal was condemned to ten years of prison by a military Tribunal for the Torture S perpetrated in the Prison of Abu Ghraib, in Iraq. He continues to protest that he obeyed orders but, according to the charge, he is the instigator and the leader of the other defendants. Several mails with its family show well that he praised himself to make undergo tortures with the prisoners, several witnesses declared that he took pleasure to humiliate and to torture the prisoners. But of the doubts remain as for the total responsibility for Charles Graner because one of its superiors even congratulated it while pointing out to him that it had received many congratulations of the chain of command and particularly of the lieutenant-colonel Jordan . The army with revealed that, for this week, the Jordan lieutenant-colonel had been the subject of an investigation on his behavior with Abou Ghraïb.
- Israel: Mahmoud Abbas was officially invested president of the Palestinian Autorité. The Israeli government is declared disappointed behavior of Mahmoud Abbas, whom he does not consider intransigent enough with the terrorist . The Israeli government has cold any contact with the Palestinian authority, following an attack which killed six Israelis.
- Football: Opening of the Cut of Africa of the Nations (EDGE) junior with Cotonou (Benign) by the match Mali - Ivory Coast. In 2003, the young Egyptians had deferred the cut to Ouagadougou.
- South Africa: Thousands of South-African attended Qunu with the funeral of Makgatho Mandela, wire of Nelson Mandela, deceased on January 6th at 54 years of the continuations of the AIDS. The South African president Thabo Mbeki and the former archbishop of the Cape, Desmond Tutu were present.
- Mozambique: the Great Britain decided to cancel the debt of 150 million dollars contracted by Mozambique announced, Gordon Brown, British Minister for Finances in visit with Maputo. Great Britain will refund to 10% the debt which Mozambique contracted near the the World Bank and other international creditors.
- Ivory Coast: The Gathering of the republicans, political party of the opposition, announced that its candidate for the presidential election of October 2005 will be Alassane Ouattara.
- Niger: The National Assembly decided to increase the VAT on current consumer goods, (oil, flour of corn, milk and sugar). The opposition, the trade unions and various civil organizations protested against this measurement which is likely to impoverish even more the population.
- Rwanda: Eight thousand new jurisdictions “gacaca”, (popular courts charged to consider the presumed authors of the Rwandan genocide of 1994), started the administrative phase of their work. They come to be added the 750 pilot “gacaca” set up since 2001.
- Democratic republic of Congo: A whaler transporting 190 people capsized on the river Kasaï. The number of victims rises with 150 people.
- Mali: The Tombeau of Askia to Gao was registered on the list of the world heritage of UNESCO. Built in Banco in 1495 by the emperor Songhay Askia Mohammed, it joined three other sites classified in Mali: Tombouctou, Djenné and the country Dogon.
Sunday January 16th 2005
- Croatia: the outgoing Croatian president, the centrist Stjepan Mesić, was re-elected for a second mandate with the second turn. He obtained 65,93% of the voices, against 34.07% for its adverse, preserving the Jadranka Kosor. Since her election with the head of the country, Stipe Mesic did everything to start the first negotiations aiming to the integration of Croatia within the EU
- Spain: the country prepares to celebrate during all the year the four hundred years of the publication of Don Quichotte of Mancha , of the writer Miguel de Cervantes.
- France: Yann Wehrling is elected national secretary of the Greens.
- France: inauguration of the largest cable car of the world in the Vanoise (Savoy). 1.830 meters of way to connect the Arcs and Plagne. Rate per hour: 2.000 passengers.
- France: Cherbourg-Octeville sees leaving the principal company its port, P&O ferries, which ensured of the connections towards Rosslare, Dublin and Portsmouth
Monday January 17th 2005
- China: death of Zhao Ziyang, former general secretary of the Communist party Chinese, dismissed in 1989 and placed under house arrest to be itself opposite with the repression of the Manifestations of the place Tian' anmen.
- Thailand: a collision between two oars of the Métro of Bangkok makes more than one hundred of casualties.
- South Africa: with the opening of a meeting bringing together 18 African Ministers for Finance, Gordon Brown, British Minister for Finances, wished the cancellation of the “invaluable” debt of African countries and presented the outline of a fight plan against poverty in Africa which received the support of the old South African president Nelson Mandela.
- Died of Virginia Mayo, American actress having turned more than fifty films between 1942 and 1977 or one can quote for example the Hell is with him (1949) or it gives the counterpart to James Cagney.
Tuesday January 18th 2005
- France: with Blagnac, close to Toulouse, first public presentation of the Airbus A380, the largest civil aircraft ever built, in the presence of 5.000 guests. The Airbus A380 is able to accommodate 555 passengers.
- France: launching with the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the year of the Brazil in France, Brazil, Brésils .
- the United Kingdom. An original experimentation with London: a very whole street, Road Exhibition, in the district of Kensington, will be deprived, as test, of any indication: more fires, control panels, nor of pavements in this street open to the pedestrians (who will have priority) and to the motorists (of which speed is limited to 30 km/h). One thus hopes for responsabiliser the latter. (Source: Life of the Rail )
- France: nation-wide strike of La Poste while the National Assembly debate on the future law relating to this public service.
- Sudan: A vaccination campaign against the Poliomyélite began in the Sudanese States from the the Nile Supérieur and Bahr el-Ghazal. A million children of less than five years will have to be vaccinated soon.
Wednesday January 19th
- France: general strike in particular implying the SNCF, EDF-GDF, the surgeons hospital and the magistrates.
- Senegal: The athlete Ndoye (champion of Africa of the long jump) received the Lion of gold which rewards the best Senegalese sportsman for the year.
- Burundi: The World food program of the United Nations announced that it was going to nourish in the months to come more than 500.000 people living in the provinces from Kirundo and Muyinga in north of the country. 80% of the inhabitants of Kirundo and 50% of the inhabitants of Muyinga are threatened of famine, which already made a hundred deaths.
- CEDEAO: Mamadou Tandja, president of the Niger, was elected president of the Economic community of the States of West Africa, to replace the Ghanaian John Kufuor.
- Uganda: 417 condemned to death disputed before the Constitutional court “the legality and the constitutionality” of the Capital punishment.
- Rwanda: The president Paul Kagame, recalling that “the diseases, the war and poverty are the independent factors of the misery in which find the African populations”, invited the donor countries to support the action of the African countries in the sectors of health, of the maintenance of safety and the economy, in order to achieve the goals of the millenium for the development, laid down in 2000 by UNO.
- Guinea: Shots were drawn in direction from the procession of the president Lansana Conté with Conakry. The authorities consider that it is about an coup attempt of State and assassination of the Guinean president who is unscathed.
- Cameroun: A fire, probably of criminal origin, devastated a traditional site of the cheffery of founded Bandjoun at the XVIIIe century and composed of a royal palace, a museum, and various boxes with architecture typically Bamiléké E
Thursday January 20th 2005
- France: day of mobilization in the public office on the initiative of almost all the trade unions of the public office.
- France: left in bookstore the lampoon “To the help, Lionel returns!” signed “Private Mr. X” with the editions.
- France: left in bookstore the book Dominique Baudis, Vis-a-vis calumny at XO editions.
- Belize: civil Movements in Belize in 2005
- the United States: Ceremony of nomination for the president George W. Bush who begins its second mandate.
- Benign: The police force challenged a trafficker with fifteen children victims with Lokossa, (105 km in the south-west of Cotonou) whereas they went to the Nigeria. According to UNICEF, 6000 children currently work with Nigeria, victim of this traffic of children, of which meadows of 2000 in the careers of Abeokuta, near the border of the Benign one.
- Ethiopia: The team of the archeologist Sileshi Semaw announces in the review Nature to have discovered the bones of Hominidé S Ardipithecus ramidus, going back to approximately 4,5 million year on the site of excavation of Gona in the area of the Afar.
Friday January 21st 2005
- West Africa: the Muslim holiday of the Tabaski (Aïd to el-Kebir) is celebrated today in Gambia, in Guinea-Bissau, with the Mali, in Mauritania, with the Niger and the Senegal. In Guinea, it was celebrated Thursday, January 20.
- Uganda: A fire was declared in the refugee camp of Agweng in the north of the country. 6 people died and ten thousands of others are disaster victims, private of shelter and food.
Saturday January 22nd 2005
- Israel - Palestine: after the Hamas, two other paramilitary organizations negotiated with the president of PLO a conditional cease-fire towards Israel “if the Israeli incursions and military operations ceased”.
- France: general strike of the general doctors
- France: Living room international of the trades of mouth to Lyon with presentation of the “rod thinness”.
- France: Francois Bayrou is re-elected president of the UDF WITH 98,46% of the voices.
- Central African Republic: The president Gabon board Omar Bongo Ondimba received on January 22nd for an attempt at mediation the Central African president François Bozize and 4 candidates readjusted for the presidential election of February 13rd, 2005. Seven candidates had been readjusted by the Constitutional court on December 30th 2004. The agreement signed Saturday evening authorizes six of the seven candidates readjusted to arise. Only the former president Angel-Felix Patassé, in exile with the Togo, was not authorized to present itself because it makes “ the object of legal proceedings in front of the Central African jurisdictions ”. The elections are deferred to the March 13rd 2005.
- Rwanda: A projection of film “ sometimes in April ” (“ sometimes in april ”), a fiction on the Génocide in Rwanda in 1994 took place in a stage with Kigali. It is about the first projection of film of the realizer Raoul Peck.
- Guinea: The president of the Commission of the African Union, Alpha Oumar Konaré, condemned the attempt at “political assassination” of the Guinean president Lansana Conté on January 19th to Conakry.
Sunday January 23rd 2005
- Ukraine: Viktor Iouchtchenko lends oath like new president of the Ukraine. This oath-taking puts an end to the presidential election of 2004. Its first official visit will be in Russia, the January 24th.
- World, Climate: this weekend, of the snowstorms most of the Europe and the United States of America blocked. The airports of Geneva, New York, London and others remained blocked during long hours next Monday.
- France: last of the Final television program of the gold dictionaries which proposed a signed dictation Bernard Pivot. There will be however a final of the finales to the nearest autumn.
- France: Sebastien Loeb gains the Car rally Monte Carlo for the third consecutive time.
- Kenya: confrontations related to the control of water take place between the communities Kikuyu and Maasai in Naivasha (in the Vallée of the rift). Since January 22nd, they involved the 16 died and caused exile of hundreds of people.
- Rwanda: the second public projection of film “sometimes in April” on the Génocide in Rwanda attracted 18.000 people with Kigali.
Monday January 24th 2005
- Ivory Coast: with the agreement of UNO and France, the army of the Ivory Coast started to move towards the capital Yamoussoukro the apparatuses of its aviation neutralized by the forces of French interposition the November 6th 2004. See also: Civil war of Ivory Coast .
- Ukraine, Russia: the Ukrainian president Viktor Iouchtchenko carried out his first visits abroad as a Head of State to Moscow near the Russian president Vladimir Poutine. It makes following the difficult outcome of the presidential election in Ukraine where Russia supported the former Prime Minister Viktor Ianoukovitch.
- European Union, Software patent: at the time of the meeting of the Ministers for Agriculture and Fishing, the Council would like to make pass its European directive draft on the software patents in the list of the points of about a day which are not subjected to a discussion. (Source: FFII ).
- France: Agitation in the profession of the dentists in connection with CMU. The system set up the constrained one to work at a loss. By their Hippocratic oath, they however are held to look after.
- South Africa: Opening of the lawsuit against Scott-Crossley Mark, a South-African white farmer and his marked accomplices to have to throw to the lions a black farm laborer. The 3 marked ones pled not-culprit.
- Mali: Visit official until the January 26th of the president Mauritania N Maaouiya Ould Taya devoted mainly to the bilateral cooperation between the two countries on economic questions and commercial and of safety.
- Central African Republic: The former president Angel-Felix Patassé denounced the agreement signed with Libreville on January 22nd between the president François Bozize and the other candidates with the presidential one. This agreement excluded the candidature from Angel-Felix Patassé for the presidential election which must be held the March 13rd 2005.
- Ivory Coast: “The Association of the kings and traditional chiefs of Ivory Coast” met as a general meeting January 24th and 25th with Abidjan in order to create a Superior council of the kings and traditional chiefs of Ivory Coast which will gather the twelve kings of the country, the 11.800 chiefs of villages and the 145 chiefs of cantons and the tribes. The council, composed of 21 members is chaired by Nanan Agnini Bilé II, king of Djuablin, in the area of Agnibilékrou (200 km in the North-East of Abidjan). It must allow the administrative authorities and policies country to bring a moral support and financier with the traditional cheffery
Tuesday January 25th
- France: inauguration with Paris of the Memorial of Shoah. The president Jacques Chirac denounces on this occasion “the negationnism, this crime against the truth”.
- France: announces by the Jean-François Cope, Minister for Finance, of the exact sum of the deficit of the State in 2003: 43,9 billion euros, against more than 57 billion in 2003.
- France: INSEE announces that 320.015 companies were created in France in 2004, that is to say a rise of 9% compared to 2003.
- Madagascar: The president Marc Ravalomanana received in Paris the Prix Louise Michel “ for his action in the defense and the promotion of the democracy, the human rights and peace”.
- Burkina Faso : 2nd edition of the national forum on the assumption of responsibility of the people living with the VIH/AIDS with Ouagadougou on the topics of voluntary tracking and the vulnerable orphans and children in the context of the pandemia of VIH/sida.
Wednesday January 26th 2005
- France: the aggression and the rape of a woman controller in a train close to Cahors cause a spontaneous Grève which strongly disturbs the near total of the network the SNCF.
- Iraq: day meurtière for the American army which loses 37 soldiers, including 30 in consequence of the crash landing on the ground of their Hélicoptère in the west of the country.
Thursday January 27th 2005
- Poland: celebration of the 60e birthday of the release of the death camp Nazi of Auschwitz - Birkenau, in the presence of 44 heads of state and government.
- Russia, republic of Kabardino-Balkarie: after two days of intervention of the federal forces (related on the federal minister of the Interior and FSB), they took by storm a house of the town of Naltchik where eight armed rebels had cut off themselves. Seven of them were killed, of which their chief Mouslim Ataïev. The the Caucasus of North knows several of these operations against groups of Moslem rebels since the confrontations of Nazran (Ossétie of North, 90 dead) in June and the taking of hostages of a school with Beslan (more than 350 dead).
- France: opening of the international festival of cartoon (FIBD) of Angouleme.
- France: the price of the best album Cartoon of the year is decreed with Angouleme with the Iranian woman Marjane Satrapi for its “Chicken with Plums”.
- France: the singer Florent Pagny is condemned to 15.000 euros of fine for tax evasion.
- the Western Sahara: The International committee of the Red Cross announced that the Polisario face, independence movement, slackened this week 100 Moroccan prisoners.
- Somalia: Ghanim Alnajjar, envoy of UNO in charge of the human rights for Somalia, invited the international community to help Somalia to set up respectful institutions of the human rights.
- Rwanda: the Rwandan Minister for the Foreign affairs, Charles Murigande with declared with Abuja where the meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the African Union is held that its country is always threatened by the Rwandan rebels of the ex-FAR (soldiers of the Rwandan ex-army) and the Hutu militiamans interahamwe which perpetrated the genocide of 1994.
Friday January 28th 2005
- France, Cinema: died with Évreux of the actor Jacques Villeret at the 53 years age of the continuations of an internal bleeding; it was seriously sick liver.
- Revelation of the first case of “insane Goat”. The goat reached of ESB was cut down in 2002 in Ardèche.
- France: publication by the professional magazine Books-Hebdo of the literary assessment of the year 2004. Without surprise, Da Vinci Code of Dan Brown is at the head sales with 857.300 specimens sold in the Hexagon, right in front of the Cartoon of Zep, “Titeuf, Nadia they marry” (857 300). 18 titles exceeded the threshold of the 100.000 specimens sold against 14 in 2003.
- France: surprised resignation of the presenter of the television news 13 hours out of France 2. Exceeded by an article of the daily newspaper Release , Christophe Hondelatte resigns at once.
- Gabon: The government denounces the responsibility for the company of energy and water of Gabon (SEEG), privatized company held by 51% by the French group Veolia Water in the water shortage which the inhabitants of Libreville knew recently. “ the real causes of these dysfunctions are the fact of a lack of maintenance of the material inherited by the dealer since privatization the SEEG ”.
- Niger: The French customs seized with the airport of Roissy 845 parts of African art of a “priceless value” coming from Niger and bound for the Belgium. According to Marie-Helene Moncel, enquiring with CNRS and expert in prehistory near the national Natural history museum of natural history of Paris, these parts cover “ almost all the history and the prehistory of Africa ”.
Saturday January 29th 2005
- France: demonstration with Tourcoing of approximately 300 people in reaction to the remarks homophobes of the deputy Christian Vanneste, demonstration organized by association the Pink Flemings to which joined:
- of associations (Close-cropped the face, pink panthers, Act-up, sisters of perpetual indulgence, Collective Anti Patriarchate, SCALP,…)
- of the political parties (the Greens, the Communist party, LCR, the Socialist party)
- of the trade unions (CNT, CUS Education, CUS Studied, UNEF).
- France: Georges Wolinski is crowned Grand Prix 2005 of the international festival of cartoon (FIBD) of Angouleme.
- Football: Finale of Cut of Africa of the nations junior to Cotonou (Benign) marked by the victory of the Nigeria against the Egypt, the Bénin gains the 3rd place by beating the Morocco.
Sunday January 30th 2005
- Iraq: first pluralist elections in this country since the fall of Saddam Hussein. The voters, death threats by the islamist group of Abou Moussab Al-Zarqaoui, must elect the temporary National Assembly which will have constituent capacities , the district councils and the Kurdish Parliament .
- African Union: top of the African Union the 30 and January 31st with Abuja (Nigeria). The day order relates to the Food safety, the fight against pandemias like the VIH-AIDS, the Paludisme and the Poliomyélite, like on the Nouveau partnership for the economic development of Africa (NEPAD) and the resolution of the conflicts on the continent, in particular in Ivory Coast and with the Darfur.
- Equestrian sport: Jag de Boullet drivé by Christophe Gallié gains the Prix of America to the Hippodrome of Vincennes (Paris).
Monday January 31st 2005
- France: opening of the lawsuit of the fire of the Tunnel of Mont Blanc which made 39 dead the March 24th 1999.
- France: arrest of the author of the double murder of the psychiatric hospital of Pau the December 18th 2004. Its DNA betrayed it.
- France: vote budget of the area Île-de-France with 23% of rise of the local taxes. This big rise is general in all the areas in order to finance the new expenditure from now on reserved for the areas, decentralization obliges.
- Algeria: 8th congress of the Face of national release (FLN) placed under the sign of “the unit, the reconciliation and continuity”, with Algiers in the presence of more than 2.000 deputy.
- the United States: opening of the lawsuit for Pedophilia of Michael Jackson.
- Marat Safin gains the Open one of Australia by triumphing over Hewitt 1-6 6-3 6-4 6-4.
Zh-min-nan: 2005 nor 1 goe̍h
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