Jan Palach , (August 11th 1948 - January 19th 1969) is student a Czechoslovakian which was immolé by fire on the Place Venceslas with Prague the January 16th 1969 to protest against the invasion of the Soviet Union of August 1968.
The purpose of the latter was to crush the reforms of Alexander Dubček. Studying with the University of saving in Prague then to the University Charles, he died 3 days after his gesture, of the continuations of his extremely important burns. Jan Zajíc and Evžen Plocek, two other young Czech, followed the example of Jan Palach respectively in February and in April of the same year.
February 16th, 1989, the dramatic author Vaclav Havel, one of the leaders of the movement of the Charter 77, is stopped by the police force of the communist dictatorship to have wanted to deposit a spray of flowers with the memory of Jan Palach. The February 20th according to it is condemned for this gesture to nine months of imprisonment and the February 22nd, seven other opponents are also condemned.
The day of the birthday of its gesture, the memorial which from now on is devoted to him in front of the statue of Saint Venceslas is covered with flowers.
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