Jacques de Voragine
Jacques de Voragine ( Jacobus da Varagine ) (towards 1228 - 1298), is an Italian chronicler, archbishop of Genoa, author of the gilded Légende , celebrates work telling the life of a great number of saints and holy, Christian martyrs , having undergone persecutions of the Romans.
BiographyJacques de Voragine is born between 1225 and 1230 in Varazze, close to Genoa in Italy. In 1244, it takes the dress and joined the Ordre of the Preachers founded by Dominique de Guzmán. Beginner then profès, he becomes professor of theology in 1252 then preacher, being a certain success through all the Italy.
In 1267, it becomes provincial of Lombardy, station which it will occupy until in 1286. It represents its province at the time of the councils of Lucca in 1288 and of Ferrare in 1290. At the time of this last, it is one of the four delegates charged by the pope Nicolas IV with asking for the deposition of Munio de Zamora, Master about the preaching friars since 1285. Munio de Zamora will be thus dislocated of its load by a pontifical Bulle dated from the April 12th 1291.
In 1288, the town of Genoa sends Jacques de Voragine at Nicolas IV in order to release Génois of the excommunication of which they are struck because of the assistance that they brought to the Sicilians against the king Charles II.
In 1292, Nicolas IV convenes Jacques de Voragine with Rome in order to devote it archbishop of Genoa. But when it arrives at Rome, on March 30th, the pope is seriously sick. He dies the April 4th without to have proceeded to this dedication. They are finally the cardinals who name it Archevêque next Sunday Easter.
Jacques de Voragine will fill his task with much devotion, in particular multiplying the efforts to reconcile the two political factions of the Guelfes and the Gibelins which tear Genoa, which it succeeds in doing in January 1295. He will also take part, like envoy of the pope, with several mediations in the conflict which opposes Genoa to Venice.
He dies in July 1298 in Genoa by asking that the money devoted to its funeral be distributed to the poor.
- the cycle of frescos of the Legend of the True Cross of Piero della Francesca, illustrations of certain scenes drawn from the Golden Legend with Arezzo
External bonds" All the Golden Legend available in French on the site of livres-mystiques.com
the academic site Sermones.net - electronic edition of a corpus of medieval Latin sermons offers the access at an important part of the work of Jacques de Voragine: the model sermons which it composed. The first collection offered to the consultation is that of its Sermones Quadragesimales (Lent sermons), a series of 98 texts. For those which do not control Latin but wish to familiarize itself with these medieval sources, some sermons were translated into several languages.
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