The count Jacques Rogge , born the May 2nd 1942 with Ghent, is a Chirurgie N Belgian orthopedist , former sportsman and since 2001, the eighth president of the International Olympic committee, supreme authority of the Olympic movement.
Medical careerAfter studies of medicine to L `University of Ghent, it specializes in surgery and Médecine of the sport. He works as orthopedic surgeon and is part-time lecturer in medicine of the sport in the Universit3e libre de Bruxelles and the University with Ghent.
Sporting careerJacques Rogge bathes in the Olympic universe since his youth. Thus, it begins the sail as of more the young age and is familiarized with the sports in any kind. Skipper hémérite, the Belgian contributed in the tests of Finn at the time of the Olympic Games of summer of 1968 to Mexico City, of 1972 with Munich and of 1976 with Montreal. Not having never gained an Olympic medal, he nevertheless was world champion and twice vice-champion of the fine world of category. He was also champion of Belgium with 16 recoveries. Lastly, it gained the " Yachting World Trophy" Junior; and in the regattas ¾ Your Cup took part.
Jacques Rogge also illustrated himself in Rugby where it was selected with ten recoveries in Belgian National team of Rugby to XV. With the club of Rugby of Ghent, it gained the championship of Belgium once and became about it since the honorary president.
Administrative sporting career
First experimentsAfter a sporting career filled, Jacques Rogge chooses to direct himself towards the sporting administration. He is thus mission leader with the Winter Olympics of 1976 with Innsbruck, and in 1988 with Calgary. With the Plays of summer, he is mission leader at the time of the Olympic Games of summer of 1980 with Moscow, those of 1984 with Los Angeles and those of Seoul in 1988.
Of 1989 with 1992, he is president of the Olympic committee and Belgian Interfédéral and becomes president of the European Olympic committees (COE). Thanks to these high positions, it is made count by the king Albert II of Belgium. He is also vice-president of the Association of the Olympic National committees (ACNO). In addition, it engages in medicine of the sport by chairing the medical commission of the International federation of veil (ISAF) and is member of the Council of the world Agence antidopage since 1999. Jacques Rogge is rewarded for his engagement and becomes a member of the International Olympic committee in 1991.
Since then, he became member of the executive commission in 1998; he becomes also president of the co-ordinating committees of the Jeux of XXVIIe Olympiade to Sydney of 1995 with 2000 and of the Jeux of Athens of 1998 to 2004. He integrates several commissions among which the Olympic Movement (1990-1999), Olympic Solidarité (1990-) or the medical commission (1992-1993) of which he occupies the vice-presidency since 1994.
Presidency of the CIOIts experiment and its past of sportsman enable him to claim with the presidency of the principal international sporting authority. Jacques Rogge is elected President of the International Olympic committee the July 16th 2001 at the time of the 112e session of the CIO succeeding thus Spanish Juan Antonio Samaranch posts some since 1980. He is elected as of the second round of vote with 59 votes vis-a-vis the South-Korean Young Kim, the English Richard Pound, American Anita Defrantz, and the Hungarian Stake Schmitt. The Belgian left favorite logical thanks to success the Olympic Games summer 2000 to Sydney of which he was the coordinator. Diplomat, polyglot (it speaks five languages: Dutch, French, English, German and Spanish), Jacques Rogge also knew to convince with a program determined to fight against corruption, doping, violence and racism. Lastly, it wishes réquilibrer the accounts of the CIO put at evil at the time of the last Olympiads: “It is necessary to reduce the budget and the gigantism of the Plays, with also a less expensive technology but without touching with the athletes and the sports” , he had affirmed at the time of his speech of countryside.
As of the Winter Olympics of 2002, he dissociates himself from his predecessor while placing within the Olympic village. The various cases of doping at the time of the Olympic fortnight are worth some criticisms of the national federations to him which judge too laxists the standpoint of president Rogge on the cases of doping. It indeed wishes to increase the capacities of the CIO as for the sanctions to take in the event of positive control.
In 2005, it must face many criticisms in connection with the choices taken by the CIO. The accusations of corruption of the CIO during the attribution of the Olympic Games of summer of 2012 with London as well as the withdrawal of the Baseball and the Softball of the Olympic program draw up many voices against him. The challenge of the organization of the Olympic Games of summer of 2008 with Beijing also obliges it to position on the Human rights. In spite of the good advance of the organization of the plays in China, he recalls the attachment of the Olympic ideal to the values of the human rights and freedom. Always in the optics of the Plays of Beijing, the CIO and Jacques Rogge are highly criticized when they officialize the displacement of the finales of swimming and gymnastics at the time of the mornings (whereas they were held in end of the afternoon before), more capable schedules to satisfy the American audio-visual group NBC, holder of the rights of diffusion of the Olympic competitions to the United States and principal backer of the CIO. The committee and its president are then attacked by the majority of the interested parties, swimmers and gymnastes not American, to privilege the financial stakes with the Olympic spirit.
In 2007, the president of the CIO manages to concretize a project which was due to him in heart, that of the organization as of 2010 of the first Olympic Games of Youth. In 1990, it had already been at the origin of the creation of the Olympic Festival of European Youth having for objective to promote the sports and the Olympic spirit near young Europeans.
Its 8 years mandate will be completed in 2009. It will be able to then aspire to a second and last four years mandate.
Notes and references of the article
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