See also: Becker
BiographyThe father of Jacques Becker is administrator of the company Fulmen and his/her mother of English origin holds a designers house in Paris, street Cambon, close to the Chanel house. The family goes regularly on vacation to Marlotte on Loing, and attends Paul Cézanne, the son of the painter. During one of these stays, Jacques Becker binds friendship with Jean Renoir come to visit Cezanne. The young man, nine years his junior, is then as much impassioned jazz than of cinema and assiduously attends Ox on the roof where Jean Wiener officiates. He was made besides engage as stewart on the steamers which make the crossing Le Havre - New York, to meet the American jazz men. During one of these voyages, in 1928, it meets King Vidor which wishes to engage it as actor, maisle young man is interested more precisely in the setting in scene. Jacques Becker married and his/her father strongly incited it to join the company where he works, but the young man there morfond. He benefits from one of his absences to give his resignation and the chance makes that the very same day, he finds Jean Renoir in turning in outsides for the bitch . He then asks him to engage it and becomes, in 1931, his assistant. Jacques Becker ardently wishes to realize and turns with Pierre Prévert, a short film entitled the police chief is good child . He hopes to pass to the feature-length film Co-writing with Jean Castanier, a scenario entitled On the Court , but the producer had a presentiment of, a friend of childhood, name of Andre Halley Desfontaines, anxious, entrusts the realization of the subject to Jean Renoir. This last associates then with the project, of what will become the crime of Mr Lange , Jacques Prévert. The two men scramble themselves and will reconcile themselves for the turning of the life is with us , Jacques Becker finding his place of first assistant near the Master until in 1938, date where he arrives finally, to put in scene its first feature-length film, the Gold of Cristobal 1939. Turning for lack of subsidies is interompu, Jacques Becker refuses with bâcler its first film. Whereas it is mobilized, the producers benefit from his absence and entrust to Jean Stelli the responsibility to finish it. Fact prisoner of war, Jacques Becker is repatriated following quickly Red Cross, it returns to Paris and finally manages to make its first film Dernier Asset 1942.
Under the Occupation, Jacques Becker carries out three films of very diverse invoice but which impose a style very cut out and based on an extremely mobile camera: Last Asset 1942, red Goupi-Hands 1943 and Flounces 1945. It is on the plate of Falbalas that is in addition stored the diverted material (camera and films) which will be used with turning of film of the Release as Paris . Recognized for his morals qualities, the scenario writer will intervene to defend Henri-Georges Clouzot before the commission of purification.
After the Second world war, it turns several comedies - Antoine and Antoinette (1947), gold palm to the Cannes festival, Rendez-vous of July (1949), prices Louis Delluc, Edouard and Caroline (1951) and Rue of the estrapade (1953) - which par excellence distinguish it like the French scenario writer. Its taste for the observation of the company according to the Release, its glance on its characters, his talent in the direction of actors and perfect balance between the psychological accuracy of the dialogs and the meticulousness of its setting in scene characterize this series which puts in scene various social classes. Comedies of couple which will inspire the series of Doinel carried out later on by François Truffaut.
With Helmet of gold (1951), where Simone Signoret incarnates with genius a famous prostitute, it carries out a rigorous and poetic chronicle Parisian hollows in 1900. It signs then the prototype of French black film, Touchez not with the grisbi (1954), according to the novel of Albert Simonin, film which starts again the career of Jean Gabin. After Ali Baba and the forty robbers (1954), a joke turned for Fernandel, and an adaptation of Maurice Leblanc, the Adventures of Arsene Lupin (1957), with Robert Lamoureux in the role of the gentleman burglar, it make a success of with Montparnasse 19 (1958), a splendid melodrama where Gerard Philippe incarnates in a pathetic way the painter Modigliani; he dies just after having completed the Hole (1960), whose rigor and sobriety approach the purified style of Robert Bresson.
Catalog of films
- 1935 : Head of Turkish
- 1935: the police chief is good child, the gendarme is without pity
- 1936: the life is with us (film, 1936)
- 1939: the Gold of Cristobal , film partially turned over and completed by the scenario writer Jean Stelli
- 1942: Last Asset
- 1943: Goupi Red Hands
- 1943: Flounces
- 1947: Antoine and Antoinette
- 1949: Go of July
- 1950: Edouard and Caroline
- 1952: Helmet of gold
- 1953: Do not touch with the grisbi
- 1953: Street of Estrapade
- 1954: Ali Baba and the forty robbers
- 1957: Adventures of Arsene Lupin
- 1958: Montparnasse 19
- 1960: the Hole
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