After the birth of Isaac, Sarah, hitherto sterile, convinces Abraham to drive out Ismaël and its mother. They wander in the desert and would have died of thirst if the Archange Gabriel had not come to indicate to Agar a well full of water. The tradition wants that this water point is the well of Zamzam, in Saudi Arabia. The Agar race deploring not to find water to be given to his/her dying son is reproduced each year by the Moslem pilgrims with Mecque during one day particular.
For the Torah, Ismaël, wire of a maidservant, is without legitimacy from the point of view of the Jewish law. The text of the bible specifies that the descendants of Ismaël will form a great nation but that Alliance will be continued with Isaac. There exists a dissension as for the identity of the son that Abraham must sacrifice to its God: the Moslems support that it is about Ismaël.
For the Coran, Agar is one second wife and Ismaël is the oldest son. It is the father of the line of the Arab known as mustaʿribah (Arab by alliance) and thus of the prophet Mohammed (muḥammad, محمد: worthy of praises). The Moslems hold Ismaël and Isaac for two also important prophets.
With regard to Ismaël, I exaucé you. Here, I will bless it, I will make it fertile, and I will multiply it ad infinitum; it will generate twelve princes, and I will make of him a great nation. It grows in the desert of Paran, which is the Arabia and current Palestine.
- God was with the child (Ismaël), who grows, lived in the desert, and became gunner of arc.
- It lived in the desert of Paran, and his/her mother took to him a woman of the country of Egypt.
- Voici the posterity of Ismaël, wire of Abraham, that Agar, the Egyptian woman, maidservant of Sara, had given birth to in Abraham.
- Here names of wire of Ismaël, by their names, according to their generations: Nebajoth, first-born of Ismaël, Kédar, Adbeel, Mibsam,
- Mischma, Duma, Massed,
- Hadad, Théma, Jethur, Naphisch and Kedma.
- They are the wire of Ismaël there; they are their names there, according to their parks and their enclosures. They were the twelve chiefs of their people.
It would have also at least two girls: Mahalath and Basmath.
For the tradition brought back by Tabarî, Ésaü, the son of Isaac and the twin brother of Jacob, has to marry Mahalath, the girl of Ismaël. This idea is not contradicted by the Bible, which says that Ésaü had married girls of Canaan before, then after being returned account that did not like them his/her father, Maria with the girl of Ismaël:
- Ésaü, forty years old, took for Judith women, girl of Beéri, Héthien, and Basmath, girl of Élon, Héthien.
- They were a subject of bitterness for the heart of Isaac and Rebecca.
- Ésaü included/understood thus that the girls of Canaan displeased in Isaac, his/her father.
- And Ésaü from went away towards Ismaël. It took for woman, in addition to the women whom it had, Mahalath, girl of Ismaël, wire of Abraham, and sister of Nebajoth.
He dies in hundred thirty-seven years.
NoticeThe descendants of Ismaël have ismaélites not to confuse with the Ismaélien S or ismaīlites which is the members of a branch of the Chiisme.
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