Islamic army in Iraq
The Islamic army in Iraq (الجيشالإسلاميفيالعراق, Al-jaysh Al-islāmi fī' L `irāq or Jaish Ahul Sunna wa Al-Jamma ) is the name taken by an armed group acting as Iraq against the military occupation and also attacking civil targets, practitioner the assassination and the taking of hostages.
It is a being defined group as nationalist has tendency salafist, primarily composed of soldier and officers of the old Iraqi army. Since the death of Abou Moussab Al-Zarqaoui, there exists of strong tension between the Islamic army and the other armed groups has tendencies nun.
She asserts several hundreds of operations armed against the forces with the Anglo-American coalition and has as a characteristic to film her operations for vidéos of Propagande. The vidéos of removals (in particular of journalists) of the Islamic army in Iraq generally pass in first on the televised chain of the Qatar, Al-Jazeera, in order to support the blackmails which it carries out.
Its birth would have been announced by a video distributed in the salafists mediums of Baghdad as of the month of February 2004. Its first asserted action would be the lynching of four American mercenaries with Falloujah, the March 31st 2004. But this claim is sometimes disputed, because another movement also allotted paternity of it.
With the beginning of the year 2007, latent tensions between the Islamic army and Al Qaeda in Iraq burst in open conflict after this last required other armed groups which they join the Islamic State of Iraq. A cease-fire between the two parties was announced in June 2007 but would have taken end following confrontations in the area of Samarra in October and November of the same year. According to several Anglo-Saxon daily newspapers, a big number of leaders of the Islamic army would have been combined with the American army to counter the influence of Al Qaeda during the year 2007. The group however continues to deny any implication with the forces of the Coalition.
The April 12th 2007, in an interview granted to the Arab chain Al-Jazeera, Ibrahim Al Jassem declares that it disunites Al Qaeda in Iraq after its members were threatened. He declares: “ After the death of Abou Moussab Al-Zarqaoui, the difference between us Al Qaeda was widened, because started to target our members . ” According to him, Al-Quaida in Iraq does not have the same objectives. He as declares “ They killed approximately 30 as of ours, we do not recognize their establishment of an Islamic State, we estimate as he is invalid. ” In the same interview, he denounces the massive presence of Iranian agents in Iraqi territory: “ Iraq is subjected to two occupations, but most dangerous it is the Iranian occupation. If American withdraws itself from Iraq and that Iranian remains there, we will fight them . ” He declares then that “ the Iranian occupation is more dangerous than those of American because Iran regards Iraq as part of their country. ”
The September 12th 2007 in a new exclusive interview with the chain Al-Jazeera, the leader of the Islamic army in Iraq, for the first time proposed to open peace negotiations with the American forces, indicates its spokesperson to the Arab satellite channel. He declares that discussions can take place if the the United States is committed respecting a calendar for the withdrawal of its soldiers. In the same interview he says as “ the calendar of Al-Qaida clearly started to appear in October of last year (2006). They started to be regarded as a State and have to target other factions of Iraqi resistance, including eminent personalities sunnites of our community, which has affected our relations . ”
The October 7th 2007, the Islamic army in Iraq makes diffuse, via its Internet site, its 9th one duration old film from approximately 1 hour, putting in scene various operations armed. These operations aim primarily the American and Iraqi army.
First true public appearance would be thus the removal of the Filipino truck driver Angelo of Cruz, finally slackened. In a video diffused the July 10th 2004 on Al-Jazira, it said being hostage of this group and requires of the president of its country, Gloria Arroyo, to withdraw her army in the 72 hours, in order not to be carried out. This operation was a success symbolic system insofar as the Filipino government, confronted with an important popular movement of support for the hostage, were constrained to accelerate the withdrawal of the 80 Filipino soldiers, which was already in hand and was to finish the August 20th. The last 30 Filipino police officers were thus moved with the Kuwait as of the July 20th. It should be noted that the American army is present on the Filipino ground, its old colony, to counter the islamist guerilla of the group Abu Sayyaf.
The Italian journalist Enzo Baldoni was removed in Iraq by this group and died the August 26th 2004. The group required the withdrawal of the 3.000 Italian soldiers under 48 hours. Reuters. It also captured the August 4th 2004, on the road leading of Baghdad to Kerbala, Fereydoun Jahani, an Iranian diplomat , to claim the release of the 500 Iraqi soldiers always held by the Islamic Republic of Iran since the war which opposed it to Iraq 1980 with 1988. It also reproaches the diplomat for encouraging with lutes intercommunity, id is to support the Shiite movements in Iraq. Iran denies to hold these prisoners, recognizing only the problem of the missing “reported” soldiers. Released the September 27th, at the time even of the seat of Falloujah, Fereydoun Jahani denied any secret agreement.
At the end of the month of July 2004, the Islamic army in Iraq asserted the assassination of two workmen Pakistani working for the American army, leaving the safe life to their Iraqi driver. The August 20th, they are the French journalists Georges Malbrunot, of the Figaro and Ouest-France, and Christian Chesnot, of RFI, like their guide Mohammed Al-Joundi, which is removed. They will be released only four months later, the December 21st. The group, in an official statement, gives a four days ultimatum to the French Republic to repeal the law on the port of the religious symbols at the school, which proscribes in fact the Hijab.
The French government engaged of the negotiations with the Iraqi government, by asking for the assistance of various governments of Moslem countries and by contacting different religious dignities, in order to push back the ultimatum. The two journalists were retained 124 days, the confirmation of their release by the occurring French government Tuesday December 21st 2004.
In September 2004, the Islamic army in Iraq also removes two indonésiennes on the road between Amman and Baghdad, in order to obtain the release of islamist Abu Bakar Bashir, held by the authorities of Jakarta: it is the interested party himself which refuses and claims the release of the two hostages. They are slackened.
This attack against a country with Moslem majority, firmly opposed to the American occupation, suggests a strategy of the opportunist type: to capture foreign nationals and to then formulate a claim according to their nationality, whatever the bond with the release of Iraq, rather than a rigorous selection of the victims.
December 19th, the Islamic army in Iraq diffuses on Internet the execution by balls of an hostage. She affirms that it is about Ronald Schultz, a American Mercenaire working for the Iraqi ministry of the habitat.
The organization of the group, such as it is analyzed by the Italian secret services, consists of two branches: one tactical, in charge of the operations of removal and detention; other strategic the, in charge one of their mediatization, in the form of vidéos diffused with the principal Arab media.
Each branch would be in its turn divided into several cells. The video diffused in Baghdad during the launching of the Islamic army in Iraq evokes a constitution in several brigades, charged respectively with the information, the infantry and missiles, coordinated by a general command. It seems however that she sub-contracted the operations of removal to gangs, to preserve its own security. The members of the organization primarily seem to be Iraqis influenced by the Wahhabisme, integrated well in the local population, which still reinforces its capacities of clandestine action. It would have moreover its own religious court, entitled to deliver Fatwa S.
The Islamic army in Iraq enjoys a discussed image, including within the partisans of military resistance, because of its practices. The Réseau Voltaire advances the assumption of a plot. In addition, certain analysts see in the references of the group, which quotes of many related questions to the the Maghreb and the Black Africa in its recriminations against France, the sign of bonds with the Algerian salafists. Its rhetoric would be close to that of Takfir wal Hijra, a branch of the Algerian GIA which was made known between 1994 and 1996 by making attacks against France.
- Internet site of the organization
- Internet site of Juba
- Newspaper of the war in Iraq, Hostages and removals, stopusa.be
- vision of the USA Ploughing against war
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