The Iskar (in Bulgarian Искър; in Latin Oescus ) is a 368 kilometers long river. It is the longest river which runs out only in Bulgaria. It is an affluent in Right Bank of the the Danube.
Iskar is formed by three rivers, Iskar Cherni, Iskar Beli and Iskar Levi which are known under the collective name of Iskrove . One commonly identifies his source like that of Iskar Prav, an affluent of Iskar Cherni. After its birth on the slopes in the north of Rila, its hydraulic force is used within the framework of the stopping of Iskar, most dam of Bulgaria. The river runs out close to Sofia and passes through a mountainous throat of the Grands Balkans. It is thrown in the Danube close to the village of Gigen in the oblast of Pleven. Iskar is the only river which takes its source in southernmost Bulgaria and crosses Large Balkans to be thrown in the Danube.
In geological terms, Iskar is the oldest river of the Balkans and also it to have only preserved its direction of origin in spite of the significant geological changes during its history.
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