The Marine of the Islamic Republic of Iran is the naval force of the Iran.
Its mission is mainly to protect the Iranian ports and ships. One of its missions was to escort the Iranian ships during the war of the Gulf and to be held ready to interfere on the enemy ships, which had already been the case during the Guerre Iran-Iraq.
In the years 1970, Iran had planned the extension of its zone of maritime influence until the Indian Ocean, but this goal was put on side by the revolution of 1979, the Guerre Iran-Iraq between 1980 and 1988, and of the funds since then limited. These conditions left the not very effective Iranian marine to project its forces in the Persian Gulf with submarines and large vessels of surface.
HistoryThe Iranian Navy was always the smallest branch of the Iranian armed forces. Before 1971, it operated mainly starting from American and British equipment of origin. During the eight following years, the fleet increases American Destroyer more modern S and British, frigate S and many small vessels, of which fast ships and Aéroglisseur S.
With the fall of the Shah in 1979, the the United States of America sanctioned Iran economically, thus limiting its aptitude to equip and maintain its military equipment. The Navy was touched even hard than the Army or the air forces, since several ships have being abandoned. marine Iranian woman underwent losses limited against Iraq during the Guerre Iran-Iraq.
More important damage was caused after the American forces start to escort the ships Pétrolier S Kuwait is during the operation Earnest Will in 1988-1989. In September 1988, the minelayer Iran Ajr was captured and run during the operation Prime Chance . April 14th, 1988, the Iranian mines practically ran US Samuel B. Roberts (FFG-58); 4 days later, the American forces carried out an operation called Praying Mantis during which they damaged the Iranian patrol craft Joshan and ran the frigate Sahand and several small fast vessels.
Iran was equipped with patrol craft, submarines and sea-to-sea missiles. In the place of the Western equipment, Iran bought its equipment with the Russia, the Popular republic of China and the North Korea. Iran took part has navaux exercises with the Pakistan and the India.
Principal naval basesIn 1977, the body of the fleet was transferred from Khorramshahr to the new general headquarter of Bandar Abbas. Bushehr was different the naval Base principal; smaller installations are located at Khorramshahr, on the Ile of Kharg and with Bandar-E Khomeini (previously known under the name of Shahpur Bandar-E). Bandar-E Anzali (previously known under the name of Pahlavi Bandar-E) was the principal base of drive and the Home port of the small fleet of the Caspian Sea, which consisted of a minesweeper and some ships fast. The naval base of Chabahar (or Beheshti Bandar-E) on the Golfe of Oman is in construction since the end of the year 1970 and was still not finished in 1987. Smaller installations are located close to the Détroit of Ormuz.
- Shahid Rajaie
- Operation Praying Mantis: American reprisals after the mining by Iranian of US Samuel B. Roberts (FFG-58).
- http://www.iinavy.org/ Iranian imperial Navy before the revolution
- http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/ships.htm current Equipment
- War games and tests of missiles
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