Iphiclès is not quoted in the Homeric epopees , which however speak about the circumstances of the birth of Héraclès. It appears for the first time in the Catalog of the women like half-brother of the hero, Héraclès resulting from Zeus and Iphiclès d' Amphitryon. Phérécyde of Athens does not give more details but the Bouclier of Héraclès lends a son, Iolaos to him, and thus evokes its destiny:
“gave up its house and the authors of its days, to serve the culprit Eurysthée. The unhappy one! later he groans deeply and deplored his fault about it; but this fault is irrevocable. ”
(V. 90-93, transl. Mr. A. Bignan)
This reference is unexplained since the posterior sources make of Iphiclès a companion faithful died to the combat at the side of his/her brother, in spite of notorious divergences. Thus at Pausanias, it is wounded by the Molionides during the first forwarding of Héraclès against Augias and the Élée NS, then dies in Phénée in Arcadie (VIII, 14,9). Phénéates returned every year to him, on its tomb, the heroic honors (VIII, 14,10). At Diodore or the Pseudo-Apollodore on the contrary (II, 7,3), it is killed with the combat during the forwarding of his/her brother to punish wire of Hippocoon, king of Lacédémone.
The pseudo-Apollodore book in addition some other information: it thus counts Iphiclès among the hunters of Calydon (I, 8,2). It allots to the hero a first marriage with Automéduse, girl of Alcathoos, of which would be resulting Iolaos, then a remarriage with “young person of the girls of Créon”, in reward to be itself beaten for Thèbes at the sides of Héraclès (II, 4,11). This remarriage was already attested in the Mégara allotted to Moschos, where the girl in question bears the name of “Pyrrha”.
(I, 8,2; II, 4,8 and 11; II, 7,3).
- (france 195 MW).
- (IV, 33).
- (v. 83-93).
- Moschos, Mégara .
- (VIII, 14,9-10).
- Phérécyde of Athens (france 3F13b FGrH ).
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