See also: Interpol (homonymy)
Second international organization after UNO, Interpol has 188 members (in 186 countries; to see low). Based with 200, quai Charles de Gaulle with Lyon in the district of the International Quoted (France) since May 1st 1989 (it was based before since its creation with Saint-Cloud), it is financed by the contributions of the Member States, representing roughly 30 million Euro S is approximately 40 million American dollars.
Because of the politically neutral role that it must play, the Constitution of Interpol prohibits to him to intervene in the businesses relating to only one Member State, or the crimes military, political, religious or racial. Its activities turn around the traffic and production of Drogue, of the Terrorisme, the Money laundering, the Organized crime.
It should be added that, contrary to its name, Interpol is not strictly speaking a police organization. It is rather about a structure of study and analysis on criminality and terrorism. It is a kind of great database for the Member States, which produces expertise and knowledge. There is no " service action" in this organization, the interventions are carried out by the police forces of each country and this in a sometimes joint way.
Moreover, it is interesting to follow the evolution of this organization in comparison with European construction. Indeed since ten years was constituted an exclusively European structure: Europol. One needs from the start specify that it is not a subbranch of Interpol but a dissociated organization of the first, born from the will of the European states to obtain effective instruments within the Union. However other factors contributed to the creation of Europol. The European states opposed a certain number of times the USA and ended up concluding with the need for creating their own organization, which continues however to collaborate with Interpol.
The current location of Interpol is marked by structural big problems holding essentiellememt with two reasons:
- the manifestly insufficient budget and the high number of participating countries making operation less and less fluid.
One is there opposite a disconcerting paradox: the speeches on the need for mondialiser the fight against terrorism abound but this same universalization of the fight involves conflicts between states even decelerations of this fight.
186 of the 195 countries whose independence is generally recognized are members of Interpol, more Aruba and the Dutch West Indies, dependences of the Netherlands. The 9 countries non-member are the North Korea, the Kiribati, the Micronesia, the Palaos, the the Holy See, the Solomon, the Samoa, Tuvalu and the Vanuatu.
- Oskar Dressler : 1932-1946 (Austrian)
- Louis Ducloux: 1946-1951 (French)
- Marcel Sicot: 1951-1963, (French)
- Jean Népote: 1963-1978 (French)
- Andre Bossard: 1978-1985 (French)
- Raymond Kendall: 1985-2000 (British)
- Noble Ronald K.: since 2000 (American)
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