International maritime Organization
See also: Omi
international maritime Organization ( OMI or IMO in English)
HistoryCreated in 1948 under the name of Intergovernmental Advisory Maritime Organization (OMCI/IMCO), the International Maritime Organization is an specialized institution of the the United Nations and counts 167 Member States (1). Its seat is located at London.
(1) Since the adhesion of Montenegro, on October 10th, 2006.
Goals of this organization
- Collaboration enters the Member States the field of the maritime regulation.
- Adoption of security standards.
- To prevent pollution of the seamen circle by the ships and harbor installations.
- To encourage the abandonment of discriminatory measurements, in order to place the resources of the maritime services at the disposal of the world commerce without discrimination
Composition:The OMI counts 167 members (2007) and 3 associated members: HongKong (China), Macao (China) and Faroe Islands.
See also: Amorce=Pour a complete listing, to see, Members of the OMI
Operation:The assembly, made up of all the Member States, is held every 2 years. The council directs work of the OMI. It is composed of 32 members elected for 2 years by the general meeting The General secretary is elected by the assembly for a 4 years mandate. Its manpower are approximately 300 international civils servant
Principal legal instruments
Convention Solas (safeguard of the human life at sea)
- International convention of 1966 on the lines of load
- International convention of 1969 on the gauging of the ships
- Convention Marpol (Marine pollution)
- international Payment to prevent the boardings at sea of 1972.
- Convention SAR
- Convention of London
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