International airport of Tunis-Carthage
The international airport of Tunis-Carthage (rear RTL مطارتونسقرطاجالدولي) (Code AITA: TUN , Code ICAO: DTTA ) serves Tunis (Capitale of the Tunisia). Located at 8 kilometers in the North-East of Tunis, it is put in exploitation in 1940.
The Aéroport bears the name of the historical city of Carthage which is located at the east of the airport. At the time of its introduction, the Aérodrome is known under the name of Tunis-El Aouina .
Like all the Tunisian airports, the airport is managed by the Office of the civil aviation and the airports (OACA).
HistoryAlthough already served since 1920 by Hydravion S of the Air and sea Company which are posed on the Lac of Tunis, the aerodrome of Tunis modest east initially of size: one counts, in 1938, 5800 passengers between Tunisia and the France. As of 1944, alteration work is carried out at El Aouina (classified has in order to accommodate international traffic). The French State, which is owner, assumes all the expenses in conformity with the policy of aviation within the framework of the French Union.
Seriously competed with by the development of the privately held companies of air transport, Air France ensures only the 3/5 of the traffic of the passengers between Tunisia and the metropolis. This traffic, to constant progress, amounts to 1951 with 56.400 passengers including 33.400 by Air France. The activity of the latter appears by 11 weekly services on DC-4 or Constellation which puts Tunis at 3 hours of Marseilles, at 5 hours of Paris and at 7 hours 15 of Casablanca. Forwarding in Tunis, the Constellations of the line Paris Douala cover the 5300 kilometers of the course in 16 hours 25 (including 2800 kilometers of a draft between Tunis and Extremely-Lamy). On its side, Tunisair, airline company of Tunisia initially associated with Air France, connects in DC-3 Tunis in Marseilles, Nice, Ajaccio, Bastia, Bône, Algiers, Rome, Sfax, Jerba and Tripoli. Several other French companies serve the airport: Aigle Azur, whose line Paris Brazzaville make stopover in Tunis, Air Transport, whose Tunis line (removed in 1952) is restored in spring 1953, and TAI (Intercontinental Air transports) which makes stopover in Tunis in the direction Saigon - Paris. With regard to the alien companies, it is necessary to note the presence of the TWA, of which the lines Rome New York and Rome Bombay make stopover in Tunis, and of LAY (company Italy) which does not carry out the connection Rome Palermo - Tunis.
The annual average of the arrivals and the departures on the aerodrome of Tunis passes from 2220 in 1938 to 9370 in 1949, 10.209 in 1950 and 10.677 in 1951. During same years, while adding up arrived, departures and transits, the number of passengers, whose point of traffic occurs in July and August for the departures and in September for the arrivals, passes from 10.220 in 1938 to 92.000 in 1949,97 300 in 1950 and 104.000 in 1951. The freight passes as for him of 1,8 T in 1938 to 2800 T in 1951.
Exploited since 1972 and extended in 1997 to cover an entire surface of 57.448 m ², the current air terminal, composed of two stages (departure and arrival), is equipped with a capacity of reception of 4,4 million travellers per annum (either 35,98% of the total traffic of the airports of the country). It will be carried to 6 million travellers in 2007 because the traffic records already an evolution of 10,6% during the period 2000 - 2005. The total Superficie of the airport rises with 820 Hectare S. It counts 55 points of anchoring and 7 footbridges mobile.
A new terminal for the flights charters, inaugurated the September 23rd 2006, makes it possible to relieve congestion the traffic while increasing the number of terminals with 2. Arranged in the place of the old air terminal of the pilgrims, on a surface of 5500 m ², the new terminal has a capacity of reception of 500.000 travellers per annum. It is composed of three buildings (departure, arrival and transit). Other projects are still envisaged such as the extension of the control field and the customs and the restoration of spaces of services inside the air terminal. Being the actions undertaken in 2005, they related to the acquisition of the carriages and the rehabilitation of the living rooms of honor and the frontage of the air terminal.
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