Institute for Advanced Study
The Institute for Advanced Study (Institute for the Advanced Study) is an private establishment located at Princeton, New Jersey, conceived to stimulate the fundamental research of point by scientists in a great number of fields, by relieving the stresses of the teaching and the search for funds. One knows it perhaps better like work place of Albert Einstein after his immigration with the the United States. A similar institute, though of more modest size, exists in France: IHES.
The institute is composed of a School of historical studies, of a School of mathematics, a School of natural science, a School of social sciences, and a program lately created in theoretical biology. There is a small permanent body teaching for each school, supplemented by the visitors who are selected every year.
There is no diploma nor of experimental equipment at the Institute, and it research is financed by equipments and the gifts. The institute does not make part of a system of education, however the proximity of the Université of Princeton means that the abstract bonds are strong and a great number of collaborations emerged during the years.
Research is not done under contract and is not directed. Each researcher is free to work towards his own ends.
The Institute was founded in 1930 by Louis Bamberger and Caroline Bamberger Fuld. Bamberger (brother and sister) withdrew their money of the market stock right before the Grande depression and their intention of origin was to express their gratitude with the state of the New Jersey by the foundation of a dental school. It is the intervention of their friend the doctor Abraham Flexner who convinced them to put their money at the service of a more abstract research.
The Institute accommodated some of the largest thinkers of the world, for example Albert Einstein, Kurt Gödel, T.D. Lee and C. NR. Yang, Robert Oppenheimer, John von Neumann, Freeman J. Dyson and André Weil to only quote most famous.
- official Page
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