The Indiana is a State of the center of the the United States. It is bordered in north by the Lake Michigan and the Michigan, in the east by the Ohio, in the south by the Kentucky and in the west by the Illinois.
The inhabitants of Indiana are called “hoosier” , but the origin of this word is unknown; at the 18th century, the word was used in the South-east of the United States in the “bottom-earthy” direction.
The name of the State wants to say Indian ground . The area was populated Indians - Potawatomis and Shawnee S - when it was explored for the first time at the 17th century by French come from Canada (valley of the the St. Lawrence). The first permanent colony, Vincennes, were founded in 1732. At that time, the area of Indiana formed it Country of Ohio , an agricultural and commercial area, though little populated, located between the French colony of the valley of the St. Lawrence and the colony of Louisiana.
Physical geographyThe geology of Indiana depends mainly on the Glaciation of Wisconsin: this period which related to the North America between 85000 and 7000 av. J. - C. is marked by the extension of the icecap to the south of the current Big lakes. With the end of this Glacial period, the Big lakes were formed, supplied with the cast iron of the Inlandsis. The area located at the south of the Big lakes is covered today by a very fertile layer of Lœss. These fine particles are the product of the glacial erosion and were transported by the wind towards the south.
In 2000, it counted: 6080485 inhabitants, is a density of 64 hab. /km ².
- Strong Wayne, the second city in the face, in the North-East
- Gary, in the north-western angle, close to Chicago
- Indianapolis, the capital of the State
- South Bend, in north, close to the border with the Michigan
- Bloomington, principal site of the Indiana University
- High Ground
PolicyThe State of Indiana is regarded as a preserving bastion of the Republican party.
Presidential and republican elections
A local domination of the republicans
The lieutenant-governor and the Attorney General are also both republicans.
The Congress of Indiana east made up of a senate of 50 members, dominated by a majority of 33 republicans, and a room of the representatives of 100 members, dominated since 2007 by a majority of 51 democrats against 49 republicans.
A representation balanced at the federal level
At the time of the session 2007-2008, the 9 elected officials of the State to the federal room of the representatives are 4 republicans and 5 democrats.
Christian - 76%
- Protestant - 56%
- Baptists - 14%
- Méthodistes - 9%
- Lutherans - 6%
- Pentecôtistes - 3%
- other Protestants - 24%
- Catholic - 20%
- other religions - 4%
- without religion - 16%
- unspecified - 4%
- Indiana Pacers (NBA)
- Indianapolis Colts (NFL)
- Indiana Fever (WNBA)
- Indianapolis Motor Speedway
See tooList of the governors of Indiana
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