The Idaho is a State of the North-West of the the United States. The Neighboring states are the Washington, the Oregon, the Nevada, the Utah, the Montana and the Wyoming. Idaho also comprises a border with the Canadian province of the Colombia-British.
See also: History of Idaho
The area of Idaho has undoubtedly been inhabited for approximately 14.500 years. The discovery of arrows in 1959 in the Wilson Ridges Cellar , close to Twin Falls, gave the proof of an human activity among oldest dated in North America. The Amerindian tribes most important were the Pierced-nose Indians in north and the Shoshone in the south.
Idaho, as a part of the Oregon Country, was asserted and by the the United States and the the United Kingdom until the Union gains the jurisdiction in 1846. Between this event and the creation of the Territory of Idaho in 1863, parts of the current territory of the State are given to the territories of Oregon, Washington and Dakota. The new territory as for him is composed of most of the Actual positions of Idaho, Montana and Wyoming.
After some tribulations in the territory, for example the chaotic transfer of the territorial capital since Lewiston until Timbers, and a federal attempt to separate the territory into two between the Territoire from Washington and the State of the Nevada, Idaho became a State the July 3rd 1890. The economy of the new State, formerly mainly mining, is primarily agricultural and tourist today.
In 2005, Idaho has a population estimated at 1.429.096 inhabitants, which represents an increase of 33.956, that is to say 2,4%, since the previous year, and an increase in: 135140, is 10,4%, since the year 2000 (: 1293953 inhabitants). Idaho is thus the sixth State of the country on the level of the growth, after the Nevada, the Arizona, the Florida, the Georgia and the Utah.
The principal language of the State is the English.
To the level of the origins of its inhabitants, the statistics indicate:
A community Basque of: 15000 people lives in the south-west of the State. They go down from the shepherds come to settle in the area at the beginning of the 20th century.
Rivers and rivers
Snake To rivet
- Clearwater To rivet
- Salmon To rivet
Coeur of Awl
- Payette Lake (McCall)
- Hangs Ear
- Sawtooth National Recreational Area
- Redfish Lake, Alturas Lake, Petit Lake, Sawtooth Lake
Natural and tourist curiosities
- National Yellowstone Park
- Massacre Rock'n'rolls
- Craters off the National Moon Monument
- City off Rock'n'rolls
- Farragut State Park
- Balanced Rock'n'roll
Idaho is a preserving State dominated by the Republican party.
See also: List of the governors of Idaho
The constitution of Idaho separates the government in three branches: executive, legislative and legal. The Parliament is Bicaméral. The State is divided into 35 districts which are represented each one by a senator and two deputies. Since 1946, mandates of governor, Lieutenant Governor , Secretary of State, To control ( Auditor since 1994), Treasurer, Attorney General and Superintendent off Public Instruction ; four years last. At present, the original constitution of the State, voted in 1889, is always in application.
The amalgam with the extreme line
Idaho is one of the States most politically on the right of the country and shelters some paramilitary militia and of the groups of extreme-right-hand side or Néo-Nazi S. Some of these survivalists groups gathered under the name of “Aryan Nation” (Aryan Nations) concentrate in the north of the State, in the area of Coeur of Awl. However, the very large majority of the inhabitants of Idaho rejects the ideology of these groups and denounces the amalgam commonly made between their State and the extreme line. Moreover, in 2002, the camp of the group Aryan Nations located in Hayden Lake was dismantled and the expelled organization of the State.
A preserving and republican State
At the time of the presidential elections, Idaho votes regularly republican. George W. Bush obtained there the score of 68% of the votes to the presidential election of November 2004. No democrat succeeded in carrying the State since Lyndon Johnson of accuracy in 1964.
Since 2007, the governor is the republican C.L. Otter, which succeeded the republicans Jim Risch and Dirk Kempthorne. The eligible stations of lieutenant-governor, Secretary of State, secretary to the treasure and Attorney General are held by republicans.
The two rooms of the State are largely dominated by the republicans. At the time of the session 2007-2008, the local senate is dominated by 28 republicans vis-a-vis 7 democrats whereas the Lower House counts 51 republicans for 19 democrats.
At the federal level, the two senators with the Congress are the republicans Larry Craig and Mike Crapo and the two elected officials with the Chambre of the Representatives of the United States are also all republican.
Idaho is an agricultural State important: it produces approximately a third of all the potatoes cultivated with the the United States. The other principal agricultural productions are the Haricot S, the lens S, the Orge, the Blé, the Taureau X and the Sugar beet.
Principal industries are the production of Bois, the machinery, the chemicals, the production of Papier, the money, as well as the Tourisme. The National Idaho Laboratory (INL), a governmental laboratory for research on the nuclear energy, constitutes also a big part of the economy of the east of the State.
Today, the industry of the State is in growth, and this one is carried out by the products of high technology. Since the end of the Years 1970, Boise became a center for the development of the semiconductor S, it accommodates moreover Micron Technology, the only company of the country creating of the bars of DRAM ( dynamic random access memory ). Hewlett-Packard has also buildings in this same city, dedicated to the laser production of printers.
The statistics are:
Christian - 77%
- Protesting S - 46%
- Baptist S - 10%
- Méthodiste S - 10%
- Lutheran S - 3%
- Presbytérien S - 3%
- Other Protestants - 20% Catholic
- S - 16%
- Mormon S - 15%
- Other religions - 2%
- Without religion - 20%
With the image of the other States of the West of the country, percentage of the population being identified like " non-religieuse" is important in comparison with the remainder of the United States.
The teams of Baseball of the Minor League baseball of the State are:
- Idaho Falls Chukars
Among the other sporting teams, one can quote:
- Idaho Steelheads
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