id Software is a company of development of video games located at Mesquite with the Texas.
The company was rested by four members of the company Softdisk: John Carmack, a Programmer, John Romero and Tom Hall, Designer S and Adrian Carmack, a Art ist without family ties with Carmack previously quoted. The play PC Wolfenstein 3D , sometimes indicated by the abbreviation Wolf3D , of the name of its achievable file, ensured a planetary notoriety to him. Left in 1992 and turning under DOS, Wolfenstein 3D, distributed in Partagiciel, could be recopied without protection, which contributed to diffuse the name of it on all the continents. Wolfenstein, from now on considered as the ancestor of all the subjective plays of shooting, innovated by its 3D subjective giving an illusion of Virtual reality. Technologically revolutionary, Wolfenstein 3D constituted at the same time a window of the knowledge to make id Software. The polemic around its violence - the play put in scene Nazis that the player was to destroy - still reinforced its success.
Thereafter id Software, thanks to its principal programmer, John Carmack, proved that a small firm could remain with the point of progress as regards 3D. Doom at its exit in 1993 was a true shock and inserted id Software in the legend. As of the end 1993, Doom enters nearly 15 million remote loading of the version partagiciel (shareware) to which it is necessary to add more than 2 million sold commercial releases. This record is beaten in 1994 by Doom II . In 1995, id Software adds up already nearly 16 million dollars of incomes. Another phenomenon was added to the success of the play: several tens of doom-likes were based on the graphic engine of their model and id Software started to sell licenses of its technologies. In 1996, after 18 months of intense development for John Carmack, id Software reiterated its exploit while leaving Quake , which, in addition to being the first play entirely in 3D, brought a code network based on an architecture very flexible customer waiter. Once again the triumph was with go and the engine of Quake was laid off. That of Quake 2 , which benefitted from the accelerating charts 3D, and finally that of Quake 3 , left in 1999, underwent the same fate and was used in a multitude of titles going of the quake-like with the Jeu as objective shooting.
Up to now, Id software always put a point of honor at the portability of their plays, thus the latter are all available for the operating systems GNU/Linux, Mac OS X and Windows. The fifth generation of their engine of play (Id Tech 5) was announced at the time of the living room WWDC of Apple in June 2007, this interface is also multisystème.
John CarmackJohn Carmack is the leader programmer of id Software, recognized by the industry of the video game for its competences in programming 3D for which it received several rewards. It is the last of the original cofounders to still being employed by the company.
John RomeroJohn Romero, recognized for its participation in major plays on platform PC in the years 1990. With id Software it specializes in the level design . Thanked after the exit for Quake , it founds Ion Storm, or it becomes famous for the development of Daikatana , which however will be very badly received by criticisms. It is today with the head of the office of direction of the Cyberathlete Professional League and develops a MMOG for its company Slipgate Ironworks.
Tom HallTom Hall is like Romero, recognized for its participation in major plays on platform PC in the years 1990. At id Software, it is the range designer Commander Keen for which it provides many elements, at the point to be particularly attached there. Thanked at the beginning for the development of Doom, it influenced its development all the same (it is for example responsible for the inclusion of téléporteurs in the play). It is then recruited by Apogee or it develops Rise off the Triad , then joined its ex Romero colleague at Ion Storm.
American McGeeAmerican McGee is Level designer for Doom II , The Ultimate Doom , Quake , and Quake II . It quite id during the development of Quake II , and enters to Rogue Entertainment (located the same building that id) or it gains its notoriety near the professionals of the video game for the development of its own play American McGee' S Alice . When firm Rogue, it Import Export founds The Mauretania Company which recently published Bad Day L.A. .
Name of the companyCurrent the pronunciation official is “id”, as in the “placid” word, which are a reference to a psychoanalytical concept imagined by Sigmund Freud, the that ( id in English). This reference is present since Wolfenstein 3D , where, in the documentation of the play one finds the passage “ in that' S Id, ace in the id, ego, and superego in the psyche ”. Since, the Web pages of id presenting the history of the company refers direct to Freud.
The name of the company has however roots more complicated than the simple psychological reference. When they worked for Softdisk, the team which later will found id Software took the name of in Ideas from the Deep (a company created by John Romero and Lane Roathe in 1989), being called them even “in IFD guys”. Another name, ID like the contraction of IFD, was taken during the creation of the company because the team was not complete any more. It will be the initials of in demand , allusion is quickly abandoned. The initials can then decide “idea”, or with English like the first name Heidi. The I will pass later into tiny at the time of the second series of episodes Commander Keen , and currently he is generally written all into tiny.
The first logos are drawn by Tom Hall, consisted of large a I and large a D . It is into 1992 that Kevin Cloud gives to the logo its final key, made up of the two letters I and D lower-case which is recovered slightly where the image passes to this place into negative.
The source code of Wolfenstein 3D is released in 1995 and the source code of Doom in 1997. In 1996, an escape of the source code of Quake circulates in the community of the players, and a programmer makes use to adapt the play under Linux, and communicates of it then the patch with John Carmack. Rather than to prosecute, id Software, uses the patch to carry the play under Linux officially. id Software released later the source code of Quake , of Quake 2 , and Quake 3 (2005), all under LPG. The source code of Doom will be released also once again to be placed under license LPG in 1999. The company also releases the tools which they use like its editor of levels GtkRadiant and compilers of level.
These releases allow the plays id Software to function on practically all the existing platforms, of the projects being organized to maintain them, correct and improve the code, such as for example Ioquake 3. For the free software these releases have allowed an important movement of creativity, creations of new engines of plays like DarkPlaces or the score of engines based on the engine of Doom; with the creation of free plays, such as for example Nexuiz , War§ow , Tremulous , …
the saga Dangerous Dave
- Dangerous Dave (1988)) (before the foundation of id Software, programmed and conceived by John Romeo alone)
- Double Dangerous Dave (1989) (before the foundation of id Software, programmed and conceived by John Romeo alone)
- Dangerous Dave in " Infringement" copyright; (1990) (ever published)
- Dangerous Dave in the Haunted Mansion (1991)
- Dangerous Dave' S Risky Rescue (1993)
- Dave Goes Nutz! (1993)
- the saga To order Keen
- Episode 1: Marooned one Mars (1990)
- Episode 2: The Earth Explodes (1990)
- Episode 3: Keen Must Die (1990)
- Keen Dreams (1991)
- Episode 4: Secret The off the Oracle (1991)
- Episode 5: The Armageddon Machine (1991)
- Episode 6: Aliens Ate My Babysitter (1991)
- Shadow Knights (1990)
- Rescue Rover (1991)
- Rescue Rover 2 (1991)
- Hovertank 3D (1991)
- Catacomb 3D (1992)
- The Descent
- Catacomb Abyss
- Catacomb Armageddon
- Catacomb Apocalypse
- Wolfenstein 3D (1992)
- Doom (1993)
- The Ultimate Doom (1995)
- Doom II: Hell one Earth (1994)
- Quake (1996)
- Mission Pack 1: Scourge off Armagon (developed by Hipnotic Interactive, from now on named Ritual Entertainment)
- Mission Pack 2: Dissolution off Eternity (developed by Rogue Entertainment)
- Quake II (1997)
- Pack Mission: The Reckoning (developed by Xatrix Entertainment, from now on named Gray Matter Interactive)
- Pack Mission: Ground Zero (developed by Rogue Entertainment)
- Quake III (1999)
- Pack Expansion: TEAM Arena (2000)
- Return To Castle Wolfenstein (2001) (developed by Gray Matter Interactive)
- Doom 3 (2004)
- Pack Expansion: Resurrection off Evil (2005) (developed by Nerve Software)
- Quake 4 (2005) (developed by Raven Software)
- Enemy Territory: Quake Wars (2007) (developed by Splash Ramming)
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