Ibn Khatib was born towards 1313 with Loja within an Arab family of Yemeni origin . After being itself installed with Grenade, where it will pass most of its life it enters like his father the court of the sultan Nasride, Mohammed V Al-Ghanî for which it is used of historian and minister. It is by occupying this station that it becomes acquainted with Ibn Khaldoun with which it binds friendship. It occupied of political high positions, while being appointed double vizier what was worth to him the nickname of “ Dhû l-wizaratayn ” or “ the man to both vizirats ”. During an epidemic of Plague which prevailed in Spain in 1348, it states for the first time the concept of contagiousness while recommending to isolate the patients and to destroy their linen. It described with rigor the development and the propagation of an epidemic.
He is the author of more than sixty books of which “ Histoire of Grenade ”, a monograph on Grenade with a description of the city and its inhabitants, “ Chronologie of the caliphs and kings of Africa and Spain ” and “ Rawdat At-your `front Bi-L-hubb have-sharîf ” a treaty of Moslem mystic on the love of god. He wrote the majority of his books, at the time of crises of Insomnie.
Because of its sometimes chaotic relationships to political personalities of the country, it is obliged by twice being exiled in North Africa, or it is put at the service of the government mérinide.
It is then suspected by the sultan of having bound friendship with the mérinides of Fès. The sultan names the pupil of Khatib, Ibn Zamrak vizier, and gives the responsability it to find it and to capture it.
It is found and judged with Grenade. By its defense at the time of the lawsuit, he is condemned only to one custodial sentence, like with the destruction of all his books. But the government sends to him professional killers in his cell and he dies strangled in a prison of Fès in 1374.
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