Iaroslavl (Яросла́вль) is a town of Russia, located at the confluence of the the Volga and Kotorosl. The city is to 282 km in the North-East of Moscow and account approximately 605 000 inhabitants (2005). Served by the Trans-Siberian , it one of the more hurdy-gurdies is quoted of Russia. It belongs to the ring of gold consisted several princely cities, located around the Russian capital and containing superb architectural units. The hurdy-gurdy city is registered with world heritage (UNESCO) since 2005.
HistoryThe city was mentioned for the first time in 1010. It was founded to ensure the protection of the road between the Volga and Rostov Weliki. According to the legend, the founder of the city would be Iaroslav Wise the (Attention with the orthography, the city is written with a " l" at the end contrary to the character), who would have made build the city at the place even where it fought and occis powerful a Ours. It is besides in reference to this legend that a Ours drawn up on the posterior legs and holding up a Hallebarde is represented on the Armoiries of the city. At the time, Iaroslavl was one of the Eastern cities of the Rus' of Kiev. Starting from 1218, the city is the center of a independent Principauté, at the same time the urban development developed thanks to the trade on the the Volga. Iaroslavl accommodated an important population of Artisan S and of commercial S, the first churches and monasteries were set up. During its history, the city shaven and was rebuilt several times: thus, in 1238, the Mongolian of Batou entirely destroyed it.
In 1463, Iaroslavl was attached to the principality of Moscow. In April - June 1612, the city was used as point of rallying with the troops of Kouzma Minine and Dmitri Pojarski which released Moscow of the influence of the invaders Polish in 1613. At the 18th century and 18th centuries, Iaroslavl kept its statute of important commercial city. A school of architects of regional importance was there also. Later, Iaroslavl became a center of Industrie Textile in 1796, the capital of a province. In 1805, celebrates it industrial tycoon Paul Demidov founded there a scientific school, which was transformed into College in 1833. Between 1870 and 1899, rail links were created between Iaroslavl and Moscow, Saint-Petersbourg, Vologda, Kostroma. In 1900, the first line of Tramway entered in service. After the Revolution of 1917, Iaroslavl became a center of heavy industry. In 1971, a Université was open in the city.
Structure and ArtThere are three Théâtre S in Iaroslavl, of which the Volkov theater founded in 1750 by Fiodor Grigorievitch Volkov, one of oldest of Russia (of the theaters existed already with Moscow and Saint-Pétersbourg, and the actors as much as the played parts were foreign), a Concert hall, a Cirque, several museums of which the house of the Belorusse poet Maxim Bogdanovitch.
DemographyThe number of inhabitants with Iaroslavl rises with 605 219 at the beginning of the year 2005. The city is subdivided in 6 sectors (Raion S):
- Dzerjinski: 169 554 inhabitants
- Frounzenski: 123 512 inhabitants
- Kirovski: 62 465 inhabitants
- Krasnoperekopski: 63 934 inhabitants
- Leninski: 68 130 inhabitants
- Savoljski: 117 624 inhabitants
Famous natives of the city
- Alexandr Nikolaevitch Iakovlev (in Russian АлександрНиколаевичЯковлев; December 2nd, 1923 with Iaroslavl, dead October 18th, 2005 with Moscow) politician and Soviet governmental adviser of Mikhaïl Gorbatchev.
- Alexandre Liapounov (in Russian АлександрМихайловичЛяпунов; May 25th/June 6th, 1857 with Iaroslav; died November 3rd, 1918 with Odessa) physicist and Russian mathematician.
- Sergueï Liapounov (in Russian СергейМихайловичЛяпунов, 18 November 30th, 1859 with Iaroslavl; died November 8th, 1924 with Paris) Pianist and Russian type-setter
- Tikhon Alexandrovitch Rabotnov (in Russian ТихонАлександровичРаботнов, August 6th, 1904 with Iaroslavl, died September 16th, 2000, professor of university and botanist
- Fiodor Ivanovitch Tolboukhin (in Russian ФёдорИвановичТолбухин, June 4th, 1884 with Andromiki in Oblast Iaroslavl, Russia; died October 17th, 1949 in Moscow) Marshal of the Soviet Union
- Valentina Vladimirovna Terechkova (in Russian ВалентинаВладимировнаТерешкова, March 6th, 1937 with Maslennikovo close to Iaroslavl on the Volga) first woman Cosmonaut (1965).
To go thereThe city has a developed network of urban transport including bus, trolley bus and tram lines.
There exist two principal railway stations: Yaroslavl-Glavny and Yaroslavl-Moskovsky. Electrified trains serve Danilov, Rostov, Alexandrov, Nerekhta, and Kostroma. Diesel trains go until Rybinsk and Ivanovo. Trains long distance also pass by Iaroslavl.
Images of Iaroslav
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