Annual or bi-annual plant with odor unpleasant, sticking hairs. Many Sheet S ovals at pointed end, coarsely toothed or whole, the basal petiolate ones and in rivet washer, the higher sessile ones. Inflorescence in Cyme uniparous helicoid. Fleur S with Corolla tubulée finished by five lobes rounded. The corolla is yellow pale, with a throat and veins crimsons or violets. green Chalice with 5 teeth. 5 cheesecloth S. the Fruit is a capsule. Flowering from May to September. Grounds in waste land or plowed, often close to the sea or near agricultural buildings.
PropertiesEquipped with properties Psychotrope S communes with solanaceous poisonous (Datura, Belladonna and Mandrake) the black jusquiame was used in Europe since the Antiquité at ritual ends, in particular to enter modified states of conscience: dilation of the pupils, feelings of distortion of the personality, impressions of levitation, confusion between hallucinatory and waked up state, perceptions of illusions as being reality, etc One finds mention of the magico-nuns uses in several republished works of “magic” treaties of alchemical astrology and receipts incorporating of the plants, the such Grand Albert .
UseThe receipts indicated include several plants Toxique S, the such Ciguë, the Opium, the Aconit, the Belladone and the Jusquiame, pulps lengthily with lard (fine grease of lamb even of newborn, which holds place of solvent) and of the resinous additives the such buds of Peuplier S which use the composition of the Propolis (natural Antibiotique secreted by the Abeille S). The Onguent S thus obtained were then rubbed on the parts of the body where the skin is fine and allows the passage of the active matters: hollow poplity of the knees, armpits, below of the elbow, temples, vagina, hips, etc, during the ritual ones of Sorcery to facilitate the passage of the user in a démoniaque universe (rite of the " Sabbath " with the obscure etymology). Proportionings which made it possible to reach the desired state were divulgés little. The Pharmacologie even of the components employed is such as the amount mortal is close to the amount Hallucinogène.
It is also proven that the jusquiame tie-beam in the composition of some Bière S, where it multiplied by ten the effects of the alcoholic Ivresse. One thus found in Scandinavia in a tomb dating from the Bronze Age an aromatized beer several plants (myrtle, queen of the meadows, etc), of which the black jusquiame. A linguistic assumption even makes go up the etymology of the Pilsener (a fair bitter beer) to the German name of the jusquiame, Bilsenkraut .
Lastly, Christian Rätsch quotes in his work “ the plants of the love ” a use Aphrodisiaque of the jusquiame to the Moyen-âge, in the form of Fumigation of seeds in the establishments of baths.
On the clinical level, this plant is a Toxique (less virulent however than other solanaceous with the alkaloids tropaniques ones): the overdoses can involve spasms, Hallucination, Tachycardie, loss of conscience and respiratory Arrêt. These alkaloids (Hyoscyamine, Scopolamine and Atropine) were used during the Second world war as truth drug. Today, they enter the composition of many Médicament S, in particular against the evil of transport, or for the care of the neuro-degenerative diseases.
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