In the Greek Mythology, Hyacinthe (in Greek old Ὑάκινθος / Huákinthos ) is an young man of a great beauty, liked Apollon and Zéphyr. It finds death accidentally; from its blood is born a flower.
In the most common version of the myth, Hyacinthe is youngest wire of the king of Amyclées, Amyclas (or of the king of Sparte, Œbale). Of an exceptional beauty, he is liked of Apollo and Zephyr, or Borée. Whereas Apollon learns how to him to launch the disc, Hyacinthe (or because of Zephyr, according to the version) is accidentally struck with the temple by the disc, and dies. From its blood are born from the flowers which one calls, according to the name of the young man, of ὑάκινθοι / hyákinthoi , which is probably not Jacinthe S but rather of the iris. The petals of the flower carry the initial one of the young man, Υ or, according to the version, the word ΑΙ, cry of lamentation of Apollo.
The Pseudo-Apollodore offers a different version: Hyacinthe is the son of MUSE Clio and of the mortal Piéros, hero éponyme of the Piérie. The Aède Thrace Thamyris of éprend, thus giving rise to the Pederasty. The version apollodorienne joined then the common version: Hyacinthe is loved of Apollo and is accidentally killed by him, during a play of disc.
Hyacinthe is celebrated in Sparte at the time of the festival of the Hyacinthies and with Milet at the time of the festival of Hyacinthotrophies. He also gives his name to one month dorien, hyakinthios .
InterpretationThe name of Hyacinthe is of prehellenic origin, as the suffix to it “- nth testifies”. According to traditional interpretation, its myth, where Apollon is a god pre dorien, is a traditional metaphor of died and renewal of nature, as in the myth of Adonis. It was also suggested that Hyacinthe was a prehellenic divinity évincée by Apollon, to which it remains associated in the épiclèse with Apollo Hyakinthos (or Hyakinthios ).
Bernard Sergent, raises Georges Dumézil, estimates that it is rather about an initiatory legend, founder of the institutional pederasty Spartan: Apollo teaches in Hyacinthe how to become an accomplished young man. In fact, according to Philostrate, Hyacinthe learn howlearn how not only throwing the discus it, but all the exercises of the Palestre, the handling of the arc, the music, the divinatory art or the play of the Lyre. In addition, Pausanias reports that Hyacinthe, in the statuary, is sometimes represented bearded, sometimes beardless; it also evokes its Apothéose, represented on the pedestal of the ritual statue of the young man with Amyclées, his place of worship. The poet Nonnos de Panopolis mentions the resurrection of the young man by Apollon. For Sergeant, death and resurrection as the apotheosis represent the passage at the adulthood.
No known ancient representation shows Hyacinthe and Apollon together - except perhaps for a cut of the painter of Akestorides, showing a young boy with - califourchon on a swan. On the other hand, it is often represented in the ceramic attic in company of Zephyr, either that it is removed by this last, or that this last practice a Coït intercrural lying.
(I, 3,3; III, 10,3).
- (france 171 MW).
- (v. 1469-1475).
- Lucien de Samosate, Dialog of the gods (§ 14).
- (XIX, 101).
- (X, 163-219).
- (III, 19,3-5).
- Philostrate, Of the statues (§ 14).
- Mythographe of the Vatican (I, 177; II, 181).
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