Hu Jintao [[Chinese Language|Chinese] 胡锦涛] (born the December 21st 1942 with Jixi, Anhui, to approximately 300 km in the west of Shanghai -) is a Politician Chinese, general secretary of the Chinese Communist party (PCC) since 2002 and chair Popular republic of China since the March 15th 2003.
Indicated by Deng Xiaoping like successor of Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao is only known in Occident for the bloody repression of the riots of 1989, whereas he was administrator of the autonomous region of the Tibet.
BiographyBorn in a family from tradesmen of the center of the Anhui, Hu Jintao carries out its studies in the department of hydro-electricity to the Université Qinghua of Beijing. It adheres to the Communist party in 1964 and alternates then stays in the capital and the poor areas of the West. Political instructor at his university between 1965 and 1968 - into full Cultural revolution - it makes a first stay with the Gansu in 1968 and a second in 1974.
Hu there is very appreciated of Song Ping, secretary of the provincial Committee and influential “conservative” in Beijing, which becomes its guard and in training course to the central School of the party towards 1980 sends it - 81. At the time of XIIe Congress of the party (September 1982), Hu Jintao becomes - before the 40 years age - temporary member of the Central committee and first National secretary of the Ligue of Communist youths.
Appreciated by Zhao Ziyang, the new reformist chief of the party, It is named secretary of the PCC to the Tibet - which has known disorders for 18 months - in December 1988. It will lead a brutal repression to it, which was worth the nickname of “ to him to stop Lhassa ”.
In the autumn of 1992, Deng Xiaoping is interested in him of near and decides to propel it towards the top. Indicated by Deng like the “core of the fourth generation of leaders”, Hu Jintao is named member of the Standing Committee of the Political office of the PCC and the Secretariat of the Central committee, nominations sanctioned by XIVe Congrès of the party in October 1992.
In its walk towards the top, Hu Jintao was appointed moreover president of the central School of the Party (in October 1993), vice-president of the Republic (March 1998) and first vice-president of the central military Commission (in 1999).
Its political programThe program of Hu Jintao is to obtain a “harmonious company” for which it developed with its team the Concept of development scientific. Indeed, the social inequalities always grow hollow between the classes and the areas involving a multiplication of the social demonstrations. In order to preserve social peace, it made remove any heavy tax on the peasants, already in misery. It also seems to want to make return the hospital system in the public bosom, in front of the drifts of the liberal system. However, the central government has much evil to make apply these decisions to the governments of provinces, directed by powerful and increasingly autonomous governors.
Hu Jintao and freedom of the pressSince December 2005, three of the freest newspapers knew purgings within their direction while ten Journaliste S and cyberdissidents were stopped by the political police. The President, also chief of the Communist party and the army, personally required the arrest of Zhao Yan, collaborator of the NewYork Times, and Ching Cheong, journalist of investigation hongkongais. Association “ Reporters without borders ” announces that in 2004 Hu Jintao had publicly declared its admiration for the cuban model of control of the press: Propaganda, Internet filtered supervised and foreign journalists.
Zh-classical: 胡錦濤 Zh-min-nan: Ô͘ Gím-tô Zh-yue: 胡錦濤
|Random links:||Vassogne | Peyrefitte-of-Razès | Claude Boyer | Per Brahe (the young person) | Apollo Creed | Billerica,_le_Massachusetts|