The emperor Horikawa (堀河天皇, Horikawa Tennō , August 8th 1079 - August 9th 1107) was sixty-thirteenth the emperor Japan, according to the traditional order of the succession, and reigned nominally of 1087 to his death, the capacity in the facts being exerted by his father, the emperor withdrawn Shirakawa. Its personal name was prince Taruhito (善仁).
BiographyHorikawa becomes crown prince the January 5th 1087, his/her father abdicating the very same day where his/her son is named crown prince. The Kampaku of his/her father, Fujiwara No Morozane becomes then Sesshō , but Shirakawa keeps in fact the capacity as a withdrawn emperor. When in Horikawa, it occupies its reign being studied, the Tanka and the music. When its empress-consort ( Kōgō ) dies, their son, imperial prince Munehito, who became crown prince (and is the future emperor Toba) is taken along to be high by his large Shirakawa father.
Horikawa (which owes this posthumous Nom with a district of Kyōto where it has a residence) dies at the 28 years age, his/her Toba son succeeding to him then on the throne.
Horikawa died in 1107; and it is buried among the “seven imperial tombs” with the temple of Ryoan-ji to Kyoto. The monticule which commemorates the Horikawa emperor is today called “Kinugasa-yama”. The place of the burial of Horikawa would have been completely humble during the time after the emperor died. These tombs reached their state of today after the restoration of the imperial sepulchres which were ordered by the emperor Meiji.
GenealogyHorikawa was the son of the Shirakawa emperor and Fujiwara No Kenshi (藤原賢子), adopted girl of Fujiwara No Morozane. It had several children, of which the future emperor Toba.
Empresses and consorts
- Princess Tokushi (Atsuko), her paternal aunt; born in 1060; 5th girl of the emperor Go-Sanjo¯ and Fujiwara No Moshi; empress ( Chu¯gu¯ ) in 1092, died in 1114.
a girl of Minamoto No Akifusa, wire of Minamoto No Morofusa (Murakami genji); called Jokyoden; ram palate (nyobo)
- other children:
- second wire: Prince Kangyo ° 1103 + 1159; buddhist monk
- third wire: Prince Saiun ° 1105 + 1162; buddhist monk; imperial prince priest (Ho Shinno) 11 IV 1158
- second girl: Front Kishi° princess 1107 + ap 1155; princess vestal of Ise 1153-1155
Eras of its reign
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