Before becoming Annaba, name chosen by the corsair Kheireddine who seized the city of the Jujubier (El Annabe in Arabic) in 1522, Hippone was the " the gulf of the roi" whose name goes back to prehistory, following a depression in the crystalline mass of the Edough. It sheltered a counter Phénicien at the 11th century before J.C, a punic agglomeration thrives allied of Carthage, then metropolis Numide of Massinissa at the 3rd century before J.C before the defeat in 46 av. J. - C. of Juba I combined Pompée does not involve its annexation with the Roman province of Africa Nova created by Jules César. Hippone knew the richness and ostentation. It was one of the big cities of the Africa Nova and the most opulent market of the Africa Romaine. At the 5th century, Hippone became the hearth of Christianity under the episcopate of Saint Augustin bishop of the city between 396 and 430. Hippone is then taken by the Vandales in 431 then by the Byzantine in 533. After long years of stagnation, it attends the arrival of the Islam and in 705, Hippone fall then under the cut from the Moslem dynasties.
The ruins of Hippone are of a great archaeological value: the residential district from which come the majority from the mosaic , the Christian quarters or are the Basilique, large the thermal baths and the forum.
At the 11th century, the Arabs built the town of Beleb-e-Anab distant 3 kilometers, occupied a few years by the Spaniards and the French at the 16th century. This city, became more important than Hippone and was taken again by the French in 1832 and was re-elected Bône, before taking again its name of Annaba at the time of the independence of Algeria.
Ecclesiastical historyThree Concile S were held in Hippone into 393,394,426 and several Synode S had place into 397 and 401.
Other Roman cities of Algeria
- Cherchell (Caesarea)
- Lambèse (Lambaesis)
- Tebessa (Theveste) (temple of Minerve, arc of Caracalla)
- Timgad (Thamugadi)
- Tipaza (Tipasa)
- Zana (Diana veteranorum)
- AnnabaCity.net to remain always informed on Annaba Annaba City
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