The Hilaliens or Banu Hilal or Blessed Hilal (Arab: بنوهلال) was the members of an Arab tribe which emigrated towards North Africa at the 11th century. Originating in the area of the Nejd in Arabia, they initially emigrated in the south of the Egypt before leaving for the the Maghreb. Carried out by Abu Zayd Al-Hilali, the number of Banu Hilal to have unloaded in North Africa varies between 200.000 people and 250.000 people. There would have been more than 50.000 warriors and 200.000 Bedouins. They were used by the Fatimides to repress the Zirides (Berbères) initially allied then vassal of the first which forsook the capacity to them after the conquest of the Egypt and the foundation of the Cairo, but which became increasingly independent and went until giving up the Chiisme. The Fatimides, at the same time, removed their territory from High Egypt of a tribe particularly difficult to control. Zirides were overcome quickly, and their neighbors Hammadides were very weakened.
The invasions hilaliennes were a big factor in the Arabisation of North Africa, like in the destruction of the cities and agricultural civilization to the profit of the nomadism.
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