High ranking authority
The High ranking authority was the collegial and supranational executive body of ECSC, created by the Traité of Paris of 1951, following the declaration Robert Schuman. It amalgamated in 1957 with the commissions of the EEC and Euratom to form a single European commission, installed with Brussels - and not with Luxembourg like the High ranking authority.
The July 23rd 1952: coming into effect of the ECSC Treaty. Jean Monnet is named first president of the High ranking authority (Paul-Henri Spaak being then president of the Parliament). He resigns in November 1954 following the failure of CED. He is replaced in 1955 by Rene Mayer.
At the time of the Council of Ministers of December 1963, the governments of the Six decide to amalgamate the principal institutions of the European Communities, reform which between in force on July 1st, 1967, once the Merger Treaty of the executives of 1965 ratified.
The high ranking authority is independent of the States, it defends the ideal or the Community general interest and it has important capacities.
: meeting of the high ranking authority in Luxembourg (1954) European Navigator
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