See also: Herault (homonymy)
Historydetailed Article: History of Herault
The department was created with the French revolution, the March 4th 1790 pursuant to the law of the December 22nd 1789, starting from part of old the province of Languedoc. It includes/understands the countries of the Biterrois, Espinouse, Lodèvois, Montpelliérais and part of the Larzac.
The department of Herault knew a collapse of its wine industry at the beginning of the 20th century; the price-cutting of the wine, allied to a disease of the vines led with the revolt of the millers modest vine growers. The movement was repressed hard by the government of Georges Clémenceau.
The catastrophic freezing of the winter 1956 ruined the culture of the Olive, which will become again prosperous only starting from the end of the Années 1980. The olive-growing co-operatives of Lodève, Pignan, Aniane and well of others closed their doors, only that of Clermont-l' Herault remained in activity.
During second half of the 20th century, the basin of Montpellier knew one of the more strong growth of France in term of population.
Policydetailed Article: Political of Herault
From 1945 to 1979, the general advice was chaired by Jean Bène (PS). Thereafter, the left majority of the General advice was directed a long time by Gerard Saumade (1979-1998), it is today the Socialist André Vezinhet who succeeded to him.
List of the deputies of Herault
- List of the senators of Herault
- List of the general advisers of Herault
- List of the prefects of Herault
- Cantons of Common Herault
- of Herault
- Old communes of Herault
Geographydetailed Article: Geography of Herault
The department of Herault belongs to the area Languedoc-Roussillon. It is bordering on the departments of the Aude in south-west, the Tarn and the Aveyron in the North-West and the Gard in the North-East, and is bordered by the the Mediterranean in south-east.
Among the rivers of the department, of west in is, one finds the rivers following:
Several coastal rivers also exist, with in the area of Montpellier:
- the Mosson
- the Lez
The department is bordered in the South by 87 km of Mediterranean coasts and in North by the buttresses of the the Cevennes.
Economydetailed Article: Economy of Herault
The department counted, in the month June 2002, 52.400 applicants for work.
Demographydetailed Article: Demography of Herault
The inhabitants of Herault are Héraultais.
Its population strongly increased, passing by 471.429 in 1954 with 896.441 in 1999, it exceeded the 1.000.000 in March 2006. The average projection of the number of inhabitants in 2030 is of 1.350.000.
Culturedetailed Article: Culture in Herault
- Actors: stay of Molière to Pézenas, Jean Vilar, Michel Galabru (close to Avène-the-Lake and the Orb), Caroline Cellier, Paul Crauchet.
- cultural Events:
- has Béziers:
- Festival of Saint Aphrodise
- Festival of the Radios Leaders.
- Fèsta d' Oc.
- Feria (about on August 15th)
- Fête of Plantade
- Fête of Caritats
- has Lodève:
- Voices of the Mediterranean (2nd fortnight of July)
- In Montpellier:
- Saperlipopette, here are Childishness!
- Spring of the Actors,
- Festival of the Mediterranean cinema,
- Comedy of the Book,
- Festival Radio-France Montpellier
- Festival Montpellier Dances
- In Sète:
- festival of Saint-Louis.
- Season in theater, dance, musics, lyric, contemporary circus with the Molière Theater - National scene of Sète and the Basin of Thau
The movement of the Contract workers of the summer 2003 had a great repercussion in Montpellier where the festivals of summer are particularly important. The festival Montpellier Danse was the first to be cancelled.
It is practiced in Herault several rather specific sports: the tambourine (85% of the French players), water tournaments (mainly in Sète) as well as free motion (or race camarguaise).
Tourismdetailed Article: Tourism in Herault
The most known sites of Herault are:
- beaches of the Large-Mound, Palavas-the-Floods, Carnon, Sète, the Cape of Agde, Valras-Beach and Portiragnes.
- circuses of Mourèze and Navacelles.
- the Caves of Clamouse and of the Young ladies.
- the locks of Fonséranes and the Channel of the South (registered with the inheritance of humanity by UNESCO).
- the Peak-Saint-Wolf and the Throats of Héric.
- the Basin of Thau.
- the Lake of Salagou.
For the year 2001, the number of road accidents in the Herault amounts to 1.847 in which 180 people found death and 2.460 were wounded. During this year were noted:
- 9.948 excess speeds
- 5.039 failures with the port of the belt
- 1.369 failures with the port of the helmet
- 1.449 positive controls of blood alcohol content on 41.188
- 3.113 non-observances of fire or the stop
- Common of Herault
- Cantons of Herault
- Railroad company of local interest of the department of Herault, managed by the fine general advice 19th - medium 20th century.
- French Department
- List of bridges of Herault
Herault in the encylopédie of the railroads
- Préfecture of Herault
- General advice of Herault
- Site of fishermen on the rivers héraultais
- Tourisme in the Cevennes the Mediterranean
- Departmental committee of Tourism of Herault
- Hébergements of holidays in Herault (lodgings and rooms of hosts)
- tourism and holidays in Herault (restaurants, camp-sites, lodgings and rooms of hosts)
- Photographs off the Herault
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