Henry de Montherlant
Henry de Montherlant , of its complete name Henry Marie Joseph Frederic Expedite Million Montherlant , born the April 20th 1895 with Paris, deceased the September 21st 1972 with Paris, is a Romancier, Essayiste, dramatic author and academician French.
Resulting from a Picardy family belonging to the middle-class at the same time as with the nobility, Henry Million Montherlant very early plans to make work of writer. It will be initially the experiment of the diary (destroyed at the end of its life). His/her father deceased, his education is left with the load of his mother who will give him the taste of the literature. ''Quo Vadis ?'' of which it gives him reading, will mark the whole of its life and will provide him the topics which he will approach throughout his work (the friendship, the bulls, Rome, and commit suicide it).
Its reference in 1912 of the college Holy-Cross of Neuilly-sur-Seine provides him the topic of two of its works, the City whose prince is a child (1951) and the Boys (1969). To leaving the First World War, it turns to the stages, the track and the football, where it meets the youth of the fortifs , joins again with fraternities of the trenches, exalte the bodies of the athletes, companions and partners.
Admiror of civilizations of the Mediterranean basin (ancient Rome, Spain, Arab civilization ), it gone on there many journeys. He saw even a few years in the colonial Algérie. Nourished in its youth by the reading of Nietzsche, and Bars, it finds an ideal in the ancient courage and virtues.
Patriot, and anticolonialist, it describes in the Dream the courage and the friendship of the combatants, invites by many articles and works to intervene against the Nazi Germany (1936, then 1938). the Equinox of September will be prohibited by the occupant. the Rose of Sable , where he denounces excesses of colonial France, will see her edition split up on about thirty years until 1968.
In rupture with the contemporary company, seeking to transcend the fights partisanes, it is devoted to the writing of its theater since the end of the Second world war - size and misery of men and women pulled about by their passions, betrayed and lost.
During the period of the post-war period, he is also the author of many drawings carried out with the draft, black lead representing in turn scenes of bullfighting, men out of bullfighter's costumes, and some naked female or male. He will give up the drawing however, explaining why “all that is not literature or pleasure is wasted time”.
Montherlant defies love and women, with whom it is always on the defensive. It analyzes female psychology in its four novels on the " Filles" young people; , which will be sold to million specimens near a women.
Becoming almost blind following an accident, it Suicide Thursday September 21st 1972 in its residence of the 25, Quay Voltaire in Paris, in accordance with the Roman principles developed throughout its work, “to escape the anguish to suddenly become blind”. Of this suicide, Julien Green writes a few days later: “Having invented a character very bravery and of glare, ended up taking it for him and there is formed until the end.”
As the highlight its principal biographer, Pierre Sipriot, Montherlant, during its life, often advanced was masked, cultivating a form of secrecy. For example on its birth date, which it falsified, renovating itself one year (he, moreover, wanted to be born on April 21st, day of the foundation of Rome and even the French Academy was lost there since it gives in its official note dated April 30th), or in the field of its private life: it maintained a double life, like revealed it his friend Roger Peyrefitte with whom it shared a passion for the teenagers. The posthumous revelation of these facts largely modified the image which dominated about it of alive sound, forcing some to give up idealized Montherlant, and others to read again it more closely, with the profit of what it was really: not a Master of wisdom, but, above all, a writer.
WorksThe essence of its work is available to the editions Gallimard, Bibliothèque of the Pleiad (two volumes of novels, a volume of theater, a volume of tests).
- the Youth of Alban de Bricoule:
- the Single people (1934)
- Young girls:
- Chaos and the Night (1963)
- the Rose of sand (1968)
- an assassin is my Master (1971)
- Thrasylle (1984)
- Moustique (1986)
- the Exile (1929)
- Pasiphaé (1936)
- the dead Queen (1942)
- Fils of anybody (1943)
- misunderstood a (1943)
- Malatesta (1946)
- the Master of Santiago (1947)
- Demain it will make day (1949)
- Those which one takes in his arms (1950)
- the City of which the prince is a child (1951)
- Port-Royal (1954)
- Brocéliande (1956)
- the Death which makes the pavement (Don Juan) (1956)
- the Cardinal of Spain (1960)
- the Civil war (1965)
- tracked Travellers:
- With the fountains of the desire (1927)
- Small Infante de Castille (1929)
- a solitary traveller is a devil (1961)
- But do we like those which we like? (1973)
- the Parisian File (1974)
- Sunstrokes (1976)
- A few months of fairyhood, a few days of galère. North-African news (1926-1940) (1995)
- the Changing of the morning (1920)
- Olympic the (1924)
- Bit and vita (1932)
- useless Service (1935)
- the Equinox of September (1938)
- the Solstice of June (1941)
- Texts under an occupation (1940-1944) (1963)
- Speech of reception to the French Academy and answer of the duke of Lévis Mirepoix (1963)
- Thirteenth César ( 1970)
- the Tragedy without mask. Notes of theater (1972)
- critical Tests (1995)
- Carnets 1934-1944 (1957)
- will play with this dust (1958-1964) (1966)
- the Tide of the evening (1968-1971) (1972)
- All fires extinct (1965, 1966,1967,1972 and without dates) (1975)
- Garder while composing all (Last notebooks, 1924-1972) (2001)
- Still a moment of happiness (1934)
- Henry de Montherlant - Roger Peyrefitte, Correspondence (1938-1941) , presentation and notes of R. Peyrefitte and Pierre Sipriot, Robert Laffont, 1983
- Henry de Montherlant, Letters in Michel of Saint-Pierre , foreword of Michel of Saint-Pierre, Albin Michel, 1987
- Correspondence with Philippe de Saint Robert , in Bibliography.
- catholic Pages , collected and presented by Marya Kasterska, Plon, 1947
- Drawings , foreword of Pierre Sipriot, Copernic, 1979
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