Henry de Monfreid
" Be never afraid of the life, are not never afraid of the adventure, made confidence randomly, with the chance, the destiny. Leave, will conquer other spaces, other hopes. The remainder to you will be given in addition. "
Note: the orthography of its pseudonym slightly seems to differ from that reported in its civil statue: “there” instead of “I” in termination of the first name. The National library of France brings back the two orthographies while returning any worms the C-W communication “Henry de Monfreid”, qualified erudite form with international value .
Henry de Monfreid was the son of Daniel de Monfreid, painter and engraver, and of Amélie known as Marie-Emilie Bertrand.
He drew from his adventures in the Red Sea and the Corne from Africa of the novels and news.
He leaves in 1911 for Djibouti, then French possession, to make the trade of the Café. He builds itself a Boutre, the Altaïr , and attends the coasts of the Red Sea. Its knowledge of the Damping S and the ports in fact a source of information useful for France during the First World War. It will join later the organization of the Cross-of-fire.
It starts then a life of Contrebandier, converts with the Islam, religion of its crew and takes the name of Abd el Haï ( slave of the vivant")He saw various traffics, pearls, weapons, hashish, which are worth several stays in prison to him, which does not prevent it from doing enough benefit to buy a flour mill and to build a powerplant.
He also became acquainted with Paul Valiant-Dressmaker, Joseph Kessel, all fascinated by his personality. Kessel advises to him to write its adventures. Its novels gain one big hit in the Années 1930. He is also press correspondent.
During the Second world war, it serves the Italians and, captured by the British, it is off-set with the Kenya. Released, he lives of hunting and fishing on the slopes of the Mont Kenya; he will turn over to France in 1947.
Literary works (partial bibliography)
secrecies of the Red Sea (1931)
- Adventures of sea (Grasset, 1932)
- the cruising of the hachich (Grasset, 1933)
- Towards the hostile grounds of Ethiopia (Grasset, 1933)
- continuation of Kaïpan (Grasset, 1934)
- the shipwreck of Marietta (Grasset, 1934)
- the Ethiopian drama (Grasset, 1935)
- leprous (Grasset, 1935) the
- last days of Happy Arabia (N.R.F, 1935)
- warriors of Ogaden (N.R.F, 1936)
- the gold mask (Grasset, 1936)
- the black plane (Grasset, 1936)
- Charras (Editions of the Bulwark, 1947)
- Of Harrar in Kenya (Grasset, 1949)
- the man left the sea (Grasset, 1951)
- Ménélik such as it was (Grasset, 1954)
- Under the Mau-Mau mask, (Grasset, 1956)
- My adventure in the island of the Pirates, (Grasset, 1958).
- the Raft of the Jellyfish (How Djibouti was saved), (Grasset, 1958)
- gold Lionesses of Ethiopia, (Laffont, 1964)
- the Fire of Saint-Elme, (Laffont, 1973)
- Log book, (Arthaud, 1984).
- Letters of Abyssinie, (Flammarion, 1999)
- Letters of the Red Sea, (Flammarion, 2000)
Official site of Henry de Monfreid
Radiophonic talksFiled by the Record library of the INA National institute of audio-visual the
Carried out and produced by Paul Guimard, diffused under the title Ways of the adventure :
- October 19th 1956: the first maintenance
- October 26th 1956: the second maintenance
- November 2nd 1956: the third maintenance
- November 9th 1956: the fourth maintenance
- November 12th 1956: the fifth maintenance
- November 16th 1956: the sixth maintenance
- November 23rd 1956: the seventh maintenance
- November 30th 1956: the eighth maintenance
- December 7th 1956: the ninth maintenance
- December 14th 1956: the tenth maintenance
- December 21st 1956: the eleventh maintenance
First disc: duration 56 minutes, contains 1,2 and 3
- Second disc: duration 50 minutes, contains 4,5 and 6
- Third disc: duration 53 minutes, contains 7,8 and 9
- Fourth disc: duration 35 minutes, contains 10 and 11
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