See also: Scheffer
Birth: $the Hague, 1798 - Death: Paris, 1862 The first name appears with the double orthography Henri or Henry .
The father of Henry Scheffer was painter at the court of Louis-Napoleon, king de Hollande, the young boy was high in the respect of the Empire. He his/her two brothers, its elder, Arnold and Arij (more known under the name of Ary) arrive at Paris in 1812. In 1814 they lived with the French the events which followed the defeat of the Large army. This period was going to influence later Ary which will paint several being referred painting at that time. Under the Restoration, the three Scheffer brothers had bound with the student's youth which was opposed to monarchy. Arnold became writer in a newspaper of opposition, the Independent one, and was condemned in 1818 for a seditious writing. Taking the step, his/her two brothers will be more or less identified with liberal ideas Bonapartists and will militate against the dynasty of Bourbons. Like his Arij brother, Henri Scheffer also launches out him in the peinture. In the current of the XIXe century were held of the Living rooms which were annual demonstrations where the painters could present their works, provided that they are accepted by a very strict jury, holding true of the academic order. Many artists will seek with émanciper this supervision, considered to be too constraining. The two Scheffer brothers will remain in the academic line and their works will be exposed. Ary Scheffer becomes even in 1830 the official painter of Louis Philippe, which had certainly to open doors for his/her Henri brother. So at the beginning criticisms with regard to the jury and of his choices were retained they will reach their paroxysm with Charles Baudelaire, at the time of the living rooms of 1845 and 1846. As for Emile Zola it will be caught some with the salons.
" …. We do not dare to suppose, for the honor of Mr. Henri Scheffer , that the portrait of Its Majesty was made according to nature. - There are in the modern history few heads as accentuated as that of Louis-Philippe. - Tiredness and work printed beautiful wrinkles there, that the artist does not know. - We consider it regrettable that there is not in France only one portrait of the King. - Only one man is worthy of this work: it is Mr. Ingres… " " …. All the portraits of Henri Scheffer are made with same probity, meticulous and blind man; same conscience, patient and monotonous… " Charles Baudelaire - living room 1845
" …. Mr. Henri Scheffer , that the name that we have just pronounced recalls us, us shows Mrs. Roland and Mr. active Delamarche with the torment. - This painting has many relationship with the Charlotte Corday, and seems to be about it like a species of during. - We reproach Mr. Henri Scheffer, for this table as for the portrait of the king, of the encircled pieces of black and of let us tons of porcelain which nature does not offer. - That is known as without making wrong to the distinction and the feeling, which are qualities of Mr. Scheffer." Living room of 1845, Serial of the press of April 16th, 1845, Théophile Gautier
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