Henri Maspero , born with Paris the December 15th 1883 and died in deportation with the camp of Buchenwald the March 17th 1945, is a Sinologue French. He illustrated himself by his fine scholarship and a work pioneer always impossible to circumvent on the Taoïsme.
Wire of the Egyptologist Gaston Maspero, which it accompanies in Egypt in 1905, it studies the right then Chinese to the National institute of the languages and civilizations Eastern. In 1908, it joined the French École of the Far East to Hanoï to study there the languages and habits of the Indochinese people. In 1918, it succeeds its Master Edouard Chavannes with the Chinese pulpit to the Collège de France, replaces Marcel Granet with the pulpit of Chinese civilization to the Sorbonne, and directs the department Religions of China to the practical École of the high studies.
In 1935, he is elected member of the Académie of the inscriptions and the humanities.
In July 1944, the Germans stop it, like his wife Helene Maspero-Clerk, on “suspicions of terrorist activity”, and off-set them. He dies on March 17th, 1945 with the camp of Buchenwald, one month before the arrival of the American troops.
- ancient China , university Presses of France, Paris, 1927 (rééd. 1965).
- “Mythological Legends in the King Cabbage” in Asian Newspaper , January-March 1924, 100 pages, HMSO, Paris.
- Taoism and Chinese religions , Gallimard, NRF, coll “Library of the Stories”, Paris, 1950 (rééd. Gallimard, 1990), 83 pages.
- Biography of Henri Maspero on the site “the traditional ones of social sciences”.
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