The department of the Hauts-de-Seine (92) is a department French pertaining to the Petite crown of the area Île-de-France.
See also: History of the Hauts-de-Seine
The department of the Hauts-de-Seine was created on January 1st 1968, pursuant to the law of the July 10th 1964, in accordance with the decree on enforcement of a law of the February 25th 1965, starting from the western part of the old department of the the Seine (27 communes) and of a small portion of that of Seine-et-Oise (9 communes: Chaville, Garches, Marnes-the-Vain, Meudon, Rueil-Malmaison, Saint-Cloud, Sevres, Vaucresson and City-in Avray).
See also: Geography of the Hauts-de-Seine
The department of the Hauts-de-Seine belongs to the area Île-de-France. It is bordering on the departments of the Seine-Saint-Denis in the North-East, of the Val-d'Oise in north, the Yvelines in the west, the the Essonne in the south, the the Valley-of-Marne in south-east and Paris in the east.
With the departments of Seine-Saint-Denis and the Valley-of-Marne, the Hauts-de-Seine form a belt around Paris, called the Petite crown.
Because of its form " englobante" and of its position " centrale" , it is the department of the Paris region which touches the most departments franciliens, exactly six.
ClimateClimate of the Hauts-de-Seine east very close to that of the remainder of the Paris basin with one soft winter, of the relatively frequent rains in autumn, one soft spring and of the high temperatures in summer. It reigns there a microclimate of a few degrees higher than the remainder of the northern part of France because of its situation out of basin and, appears it, partially also because of the pollution of the Paris and its suburbs.
See also: Economy of the Hauts-de-Seine
Within the meaning of CCIP, the towns of Doves, Courbevoie, Garenne, Levallois, Nanterre, Neuilly, Puteaux, Rueil and Suresnes belong to the pole Paris it Défense, true economic heart of the Grand Paris, also including districts 1,2,8,9,16 and 17 of Paris.
In 2004, the general advice had a budget of 1,7 billion euros and employed: 5500 agents. GDP per capita is three times higher in the Hauts-de-Seine than the national average. In addition, the department accommodates more: 6000 head offices of companies.
The Hauts-de-Seine are the third area NUTS-2 of the European Union in term of GDP (PPP) per capita, with: 62374 € (source: Eurostat) per capita in 2002, behind Paris and Inner London but in front of Area of Brussels-Capital and Luxembourg.
According to INSEE, in 2000, the Hauts-de-Seine are the department where PIB/emplois is highest in France: : 108000 euros by employment, in front of Paris (: 86000 euros) then the Yvelines (: 70000 euros) and the the Rhone (: 66000 euros). The Hauts-de-Seine thus concentrate the uses with high incomes.
In the north of the Hauts-de-Seine was arranged the district of businesses of Defense, on the communes of Puteaux, Courbevoie and Nanterre, where the head offices of French and foreign large companies are established.
The south-east of the department accommodates the seats of three chains of French Télévision: TF1 (with Boulogne-Billancourt), Canal+ (with Issy-les-Moulineaux) and France 5 (with Issy-les-Moulineaux), and the remainder of the department also accommodates the seats of the chains M6, Direct 8, W9 (Common of Neuilly-sur-Seine) and the Parisian office of the chain TMC.
See also: Demography of the Hauts-de-Seine
The inhabitants of the Hauts-de-Seine are the Altoséquanais .
The estimates of INSEE at January 1st, 2005 carry the population of the Hauts-de-Seine to: 1517000 inhabitants, is a density of: 8619 hab/km ².
The department includes/understands a commune of more than: 100000 inhabitants: Boulogne-Billancourt. The size of the cities in term of population depends largely on the geographical limits of the cities, therefore of their history, since the department in its great majority is built. The separation of Doves one century ago downtown three (Doves, Wood-Doves and Garenne-Doves) illustrates this idea well; indeed, without this separation, Colombes would have weighed in 2005 (INSEE): 138100 inhabitants. In the same way for Neuilly which yielded grounds to Paris and Levallois-Perret. The population of the cities thus has limited an enough direction. The densities are more relevant.
This density of: 8619 hab/km ², very high compared to the average density of the Ile-de-France is not uniform on the territory viola-séquanais. One coarsely distinguishes four types of communes:
- the communes least close to Paris or with a less similar urbanization, a density lower than: 4000 hab/km ², which are the communes of Marnes-the-Vain, Vaucresson, City-with Avray, Gennevilliers and Saint-Cloud;
- common to high density but having an urbanization " of transition" , between: 4000 and: 12000 hab/km ², which are the communes of Meudon, Châtenay-Malabry, Rueil-Malmaison, Chaville, Sceaux, Clamart, Sevres, Antony, Plessis-Robinson, Garches, Nanterre, Villeneuve-the-Garenne, Bagneux, Fontenay-Aux-Roses, Châtillon, Borough-the-Queen, Colombes and Suresnes;
- communes closer to Paris and having densities almost comparable with the capital, between: 12000 and: 15000 hab/km ², which are the communes of Issy-les-Moulineaux, Wood-Doves, Puteaux and Malakoff;
- communes with the densities higher than: 15000 hab/km ², having often a driving role in the economy: the Garenne-Doves, Asnières-sur-Seine, Neuilly-sur-Seine, Vanves, Clichy-the-Garenne, Courbevoie, Boulogne-Billancourt, Montrouge and Levallois-Perret.
A parallel would be to make between this distribution and the fact that Marnes-the-Vain Sevres, Chaville, City-with Avray, Saint-Cloud, , Vaucresson, Garches and Rueil-Malmaison belonged to the department Seine-et-Oise (78) while the remainder of the communes belonged to the department the Seine (in the past Paris) (75) before 1968.
The common to more than 15.000 hab/km ² represent less than 17% of the territory altoséquanais, but more than 35% of the population altoséquanaise. This density, coupled to a raised economic activity, results in an obstruction from public transport and frequent highway network, from where a necessary development of the network the RATP/the SNCF, currently much less dense than in Paris intramurally for an activity and a density sometimes largely higher.
That made only 0,52 station per square kilometer, or a station for: 16689 inhabitants.
The extentions in progress and new lines should change the number of stations to 134 from here 2012 (source the RATP), that is to say on average 0,76 station per square kilometer.
The Hauts-de-Seine (current territory) are one of the birthplaces of public transport, with the first line of public transport in the train which crossed them as of 1837, under the reign of King Louis-Philippe Ier (Monarchie of July): the Line of Paris with Saint-Germain-in-Bush hammer, inaugurated by the queen Marie-Amélie on August 26th, 1837, stopping in the stations of the current cities of Clichy-the-Garenne and Levallois-Perret, Asnières-sur-Seine, the Garenne-Doves and Nanterre.
See also: Culture in Hauts-de-Seine
The department of the Hauts de Seine was the object of an autobiographical account of Peter Handke, which called it " the bay of personne". (" My year in bay of anybody "). The writer lived Chaville, and described the department in a poetic prose.
See also: Tourism in Hauts-de-Seine
The Hauts-de-Seine include/understand one of the new top-places of French tourism: Defense. Since this zone was declared tourist area, the stores are open there Sunday. One finds there in particular a small-train, the museum of Defense, multiples turns and trade, artistic structures with large scales, and the Grande Arche (seat of the foundation of the Human rights) on the historical Axe, at the end of the Charles-of-Gaulle esplanade.
See also: Political of the Hauts-de-Seine
The presidency of the General advice of the Hauts-de-Seine is currently occupied by Patrick Devedjian (UMP), which succeeded Nicolas Sarkozy (UMP). Nicolas Sarkozy having been elected President of the French Republic the May 6th 2007, it had to resign of the presidency of the general advice.
List of the deputies of the Hauts-de-Seine
- List of the senators of the Hauts-de-Seine
- List of the general advisers of the Hauts-de-Seine
- List of the regional advisers of the Hauts-de-Seine
- List of the mayors of the Hauts-de-Seine
The Hauts-de-Seine shelter from now on DCRI (Central management of the Interior Information), regrouping of the DST and the large majority of RG. The building is more precisely on the ground of the commune of Levallois-Perret.
See also: Administration of the Hauts-de-Seine
The department is composed of 3 districts (Nanterre, Antony and Boulogne-Billancourt), 45 cantons and 13 districts legislative. See also:
- the List of the prefects of the Hauts-de-Seine
- Common of the Hauts-de-Seine and the historical of the communes of the Hauts-de-Seine
- the Intercommunalités of the Hauts-de-Seine
- SEM 92 (Company of Mixed economy of the Hauts-de-Seine)
- List of bridges of the Hauts-de-Seine
- Diocese of Nanterre
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