The department of the Haute-Saône ( 70 ) is a department French.
HistoryThe department was created with the French revolution by the law of the December 22nd 1789, starting from part of the province of Franche-Comté, old the Bailliage d' Amont.
Leitartikel: History of the Haute-Saône
GeographyThe Haute-Saône belongs to the Région Franche-Comté. It is bordering on the departments of the Coast-with Or, of the Haute-Marne, the the Vosges, the Territoire of Belfort, the Doubs and the the Jura.
The department of the Haute-Saône presents a lengthened form of North-eastern South-western orientation. It is a territory of transition, between depressionary areas of the east of the France, the European dorsal (blue Banane) which of London to Genoa while passing by the valley of the the Rhine concentrates a maximum of richnesses and services, and centers it development of the valley of the the Rhone.
In Haute-Saône, when one crosses the department of West in Is, one can distinguish 5 great geographical units:
- a zone of plain crossed by the the Saone coming from the the Vosges;
- a horseshoe zone of plates limestones touching in North with the plate of Langres and separate in the South-east of the first steps of the Jurassic solid mass by the valley of the Ognon;
- a zone of sandy hills developing towards North;
- under-Vosgean depression;
- crystalline convexities of the the Vosges of the South which mark the North-eastern limit of the department.
The forests occupy 2250 km ², including 1220 km ² of communal forests.
Leitartikel: Geography of the Haute-Saône
ClimateLeitartikel: Climate of the Haute-Saône
Very rural department, it is however not an agricultural department. It is a department of industrial tradition and in particular of old metallurgical tradition.
- agriculture 4 919 employment
- construction 4 504 employment
- industrial sector 18 747 employment
- tertiary sector 44 865 employment
Leitartikel: Economy of the Haute-Saône
DemographyThe inhabitants of the Haute-Saône are the haut-saônois and haut-saônoises .
It is a rural department, whose urban population accounts for only 44% of the total (101 078 inhabitants). Only 15 communes have more 2 000 inhabitants (adding up 81 003 inhabitants), while 457 communes have some less than 500 (adding up 82 322 inhabitants). The density of 43 inhabitants per km ² does not reach half of the national average.
Like the majority of the rural departments, he knew a strong fall of his population. Of almost 350 000 inhabitants in the middle of the 19th century, then 272 891 in 1896, the figure of the population fell to 250 000 the day before the First World War, and hardly more 200 000 the shortly after the Second world war. The population then increased a little until the end of the Années 1970, reaching 229 891 in 1999 (- 1,04% between 1982 and 1990,0% between 1990 and 1999). Today the majority of the cities, already little populated, see their population decreasing. Only the North-East of the department, close to Belfort, still knows a certain demographic dynamism.
At the first January 2004 INSEE estimated the population of the Haute-Saône at 234 000 inhabitants.
Leitartikel: Demography of the Haute-Saône
- Alain Perrin, trainer of football
- Edouard Belin, inventor of the fax
- Ghislain Lemaire, judoka, Stephan Peterhansel, pilot motor bike and car, Nicolas Vouilloz, champion of VTT
- Patrick Bouchitey, actor, Edwige Feuillère, actress
- Christian Bergelin, Jean-Jacques Beucler, Jules Jeanneney, Jean-Marcel Jeanneney, Yves Krattinger, Andre Maroselli, Jacques Maroselli, Jean-Pierre Michel, Alain Joyandet, Gerard Furrier political personalities
- Jean-Christmas Jeanneney, politician and historian
- Amédée Simon Dominique Thierry, prefect of the department of 1830 to 1838 and its older brother Jacques Nicolas Augustin Thierry, both historians
- Jean Cézard, Georges Colomb ( Christophe ), draftsmen
- Pierre Joseph Desault, Pierre-François Percy, doctors
- Jean-Leon Gérôme, painter and sculptor
- Andre Blanchard, writer
- Jean-François Carteaux, soldier
- Cyril Menneguin says Cyril Mennegun, scenario writer
- Laurence Parisot, Armand Petitjean, Claude Peureux, contractors
- Jacques de Molay, Large Master of the Order of Templiers
- Antoine-Augustin Cournot, philosopher, economist and mathematician
- Thomas Bracket, cardinal; Jean Jouffroy, monk and diplomatic
- Jules Rimet, founder of the football world cup
- Jean Michel Claude Richard (1787-1868), agricultural engineer who founded the first agricultural Garden of test created in tropical Africa; the town of Richard-Toll (Senegal) bears his name
CultureLeitartikel: Culture in the Haute-Saône
TourismThe Haute-Saône is especially a place of peace and pastoral spaces favourable with the walk in forest, in particular in summer when the temperature remains pleasant.
This department has a rich person inheritance, in particular built with XVIIIe and XIXe centuries, period ostentation for this territory (churches with their traditional retables and baroques, buildings and works public, castles and residences). Eleven boroughs and villages belong to the network of the “Small cities comtoises of character” (Vauvillers, Faverney, the Scey-on-Saone, Villersexel, Fondremand, the Ray-on-Saone, Champlitte, Bucey-lès-Gy, Gy, Marnay and Pesmes).
Leitartikel: Tourism in the Haute-Saône
PolicyLeitartikel: Political of the Haute-Saône
List of the deputies of the Haute-Saône
- List of the senators of the Haute-Saône
- List of the general advisers of the Haute-Saône
AdministrationLeitartikel: Administration of the Haute-Saône
- List of the Common of the Haute-Saône
- List of the Old communes of the Haute-Saône
- List of the prefects of the Haute-Saône
Prefecture of the Haute-Saône
- General advice of the Haute-Saône
- ''' Action 70 ''' - the economic development agency of the Haute-Saône targets the companies and the local government agencies
- ''' Emploi70 ''' proposes with the companies of Haute-Saône to deposit their job offers, to anticipate their recruitments, car-to diagnose their function Human Resources
- ''' Destination 70 ''': tourist development agency of the Haute-Saône.
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