See also: the Rhine (homonymy)
The department of Haut-Rhin ( 68 ) is a department French.
HistoryThe department was created with the French revolution, the March 4th 1790 pursuant to the law of the December 22nd 1789 and of the decree of the January 8th 1790, starting from the southern half of the province of Alsace (High-Alsace).
Its limits were modified several times:
- in 1790, it included/understood the district S of Colmar, Altkirch and Ammerschwihr.
- in 1795, after the disappearance of the districts, it is composed of the canton S of Altkirch, Ammerschwihr, Belfort, Colmar, Dannemarie, Delle, Eguisheim, Ensisheim, Fontaine, Giromagny, Habsheim, Hirsingue, Horbourg, Huningue, Landser, Lutterbach, Holy-Marie-with-Mines, Canton of Masevaux, Munster, Neuf-Brisach, Ferrette, Ribeauvillé, Riquewihr, Rouffach, Saint-Amarin, Holy-Cross-with-Mines, Lapoutroie, Cernay, Soultz, Thann and Turckheim.
- in 1798, it absorbed Mulhouse, previously free city, and the last Swiss enclaves in the south;
- in 1800, it entirely absorbed the department of the Mount-Terrible ; Creation of the five District S of Colmar, Altkirch, Belfort, Delémont and Porrentruy.
- in 1814, it loses the territories which had belonged to the Mount-Terrible , returned to the Suisse, except old the Principauté of Montbeliard (which formed at the time 2 cantons, Audincourt and Montbeliard).
- in 1816, it loses Montbeliard and Audincourt, attached to the Doubs;
- in 1871, it is mainly annexed by the Germany (Traité of Frankfurt). The part remained French form then the Territory of Belfort; The department of Haut-Rhin is then called “Bezirk Oberelsass”.
- in 1919, it becomes again French (Traité of Versailles) but remains separate of Belfort.
Leitartikel: History of Haut-Rhin
GeographyThe department of Haut-Rhin belongs to the area Alsace. It is bordering on the departments of the the Low-Rhine, the the Vosges and the Territoire of Belfort, but also of the Germany in the east, along the the Rhine, and of the Swiss Cantons of the the Jura, of Soleure, Basle-Countryside and Basle-City in the south. The culminating point of Haut-Rhin is at the Grand Balloon, in the solid mass of the the Vosges to 1424 m of altitude, and low to 179 m, along the Rhine.
- Districts of Haut-Rhin
- Cantons of Haut-Rhin
- Intercommunalités of Common Haut-Rhin
- of Haut-Rhin
- Old communes of Haut-Rhin
Leitartikel: Geography of Haut-Rhin
ClimateLeitartikel: Climate of Haut-Rhin
EconomyLeitartikel: Economy of Haut-Rhin
Demography and basin of lifeThe inhabitants of Haut-Rhin are the Haut-Rhinois . The largest basin of population, but also of marketing activity and industrial, is located in the urban surface of Mulhouse (Mulhouse South-Alsace), economic capital, with 270 000 inhabitants, the town of Colmar, 67 000 hearts being the administrative capital gathering the services of the Prefecture and the General advice.
The triangle formed by Mulhouse, Guebwiller and Thann presents a capacity of attraction marked, with the development of commercial establishments observed especially in the north of the agglomeration, involving, on the one hand, of the reflexes of choices guided by the advantage of the proximity of employment and on the other hand, of the increasingly vast zones of chalandises, including from now on Rouffach traditionnement turned towards Colmar which seems to be combined with Sélestat within a community Center-Alsace.
Leitartikel: Demography of Haut-Rhin
Infos on the Alsatian Culture
Leitartikel: Culture in Haut-Rhin
TourismLeitartikel: Tourism in Haut-Rhin
PolicyLeitartikel: Political of Haut-Rhin
List of the deputies of Haut-Rhin
- List of the senators of Haut-Rhin
- List of the general advisers of Haut-Rhin
AdministrationLeitartikel: Administration of Haut-Rhin
List of the prefects of Haut-Rhin
- General advice
- At discovered cities and villages of Haut-Rhin
- Official site of the town of Colmar
- Gate of Mulhouse and of Haut-Rhin
- Wines and Recettes of Alsace
- History of a Haut-Rhinois village and area
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