In the Egyptian Mythology, Hathor (Greek: Athyr ) is in the beginning a celestial goddess confused with Nout. Its attribute is the collar with counterweight. Regarded as the eye of Re, it is it which, in the version of the creation of Hermopolis, punishes the human ones.
But it is more known as a goddess of the festivities and the love. In this role she was adored with Denderah and, associated to the god Horus, in the town of Edfou. She was represented under the features of a cow, or a woman carrying the solar disk between her horns.
Hathor is certainly one of the oldest divinities of the Egypt, because its representation is marked on the pallet of the king Narmer. Its name means “Residence of the Horus god”, which made of it the wife of the god-falcon.
During all the times the Pharaons feared and respected the goddess and are reflected under her protection. She is regarded as their nurse and represents the queen. Hathor can be thus the wife of Behedetite (Horus d' Edfou) or wife of the two divinities of Ombos, Sobek and Haroéris. She is the queen of the foreign countries: Ram Nubie, Reine of Libya, Épouse of Syria and Grande of Palestine. It is integrated very early into the Pantheon phenician in Great lady of Byblos, but also queen of the Pays of Pount.
Principal places of worship dedicated to Hathor
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