Hackney carriage (horse-drawn)
The hackney carriage is a old Véhicule horse-drawn in general closed in four places, four wheels and suspension. The term of hackney carriage answers more its function than with a particular type: the hackney carriage of winter, closed, corresponds to a cut, while the form of summer, opened, is rather the convertible - milord.
It was a car of Louage which carried out Transport S of people to the request for one limited duration. The origin seems to be the Concession granted in 1620 to owners of Carrosse S to operate this type of transport. Its manufacture of wood was worth to him the popular name of “fir tree”.
The term of hackney carriage extended to all the vehicles from hiring horse-drawn and even Automobile S in the years 1900.
One reports that the origin of the name of this ancestor of the Taxi comes from the sign of hotel trade “to Saint-Hackney carriage” to Paris, to the angle of the streets Saint-Hackney carriage and Saint Martin's day, in front of which the first cars of hiring were parked.
Saint Hackney carriage is regarded as the owner of the taxis. hackney carriage
SourcesJoseph Jobé, At the time of the coachmen , Lausanne, Published-Lazarus, 1976. ISBN 2-88001-019-5
List of the horse-drawn vehicles
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