Haïdra or Henchir Haïdra is a small town of the west of the Tunisia, located in the Tunisian Dorsale at a few kilometers of the border with the Algérie, known for the ancient site of Ammaedara .
Attached administratively to the Governorship of Kasserine, it constitutes a municipality of 3100 inhabitants.
HistoryAmmaedara or AD Medera constitutes one of the oldest Roman cities of Africa. They is here that the III Legio Augusta settles, at the time of the reign of Auguste, until his displacement for strategic reasons towards Théveste (38 kilometers in south-west in current Algérie) under the reign of Vespasien. Veterans are then installed and Ammaedara takes the statute of colony ( Colonia Flauia Augusta Emerita Ammaedara ). The creation of a colony in this part of the Africa proconsulaire makes it possible to control the roads passing on the grounds of course of the Musulames.
While becoming a true road junction (in particular crossed by the penetrating axis Carthage - Théveste), Ammaedara develops quickly and is equipped with a great number of Monument S including one Triumphal arch dedicated to Septime Sévère.
Whereas the Christianisme develops, Ammaedara is equipped with a évêché in 258. The city becomes then, in 411, the theater of catholic divisions between and donatists, the population being divided into two behind two different bishops.
Today, the site shelters the ruins of the but triumphal arch also Mausolée S, of fortresses Byzantine, of thermal baths underground and a church.
- Severe Triumphal arch of Septime
Personalities of the city
Mohammed Ali Ganzoui, politician
- Study on the progressive transformations of Ammaedara (free-Tunisian project)
- Andre Piganiol and Robert Laurent-Vibert, “archaeological Research with Ammaedara (Haïdra)”, '' Mélanges of archeology and history '', v. 32, ED. French school of Rome, Rome, 1912, pp. 69-229
- Richard Stillwell, “Ammaedara (Haidra). Tunisia”, '' The Princeton Encyclopedia off Classical Sites '', ED. Princeton University Near, Princeton, 1976
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