It is the antique Alexandria d' Arie founded by Alexandre Large the, one of the city-stages of the Silk route and one of the large cities of the historical Khorassan, which extended on the three countries mentioned above.
Hérat was, with Samarkand, one of the headlights of the Renaissance timouride, period artistic and cultural brilliant which covers all the 15th century under the government of the Timourides, descendants of Tamerlan.
It was in particular the capital of the princes Shah Rukh, father of the prince-astronomer Oulough Beg, 1409 with 1447, and Husayn Bayqara, large patron, of 1469 with 1506. This one made work the poet and Persan mystic Djami, the poet and Turkish minister Mir Alisher Navoï and the painter Behzad, father of the Miniature indo-Persian.
The National library of France shelters some beautiful Manuscrit S illustrated realized in Hérat.
- UNESCO Centers world heritage, lists indicative
- Hérat, a pearl in the middle of the silk route
- Banque of Mandragore images of the National library of France
- Khans de Shamlu
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