The education of Guy Patin was started with his father, who made him read, “still very small” the Vies of Plutarque. He studied then with the Collège of Beauvais, from where he came to Paris to make his philosophy with the college of Boncourt. Scrambled with its family by her refusal to enter the ecclesiastical career, it was delivered to eludes medicine and, as it was private resources, it was made correct Imprimerie.
In 1624, it took the rank of doctor and, in 1651, succeeded its Master Riolan in his pulpit with the Collège de France, senior of the Medical college of Paris (1650 - 1652), professor with the Collège de France starting from 1655. As a scientist, Guy Patin did not have a work remarkable and certain to the doctors parts of Molière compared it: Latinists obscurantists and followers of the bleeding, hostile with any progress of their Article.
Though it did much noise, as doctor, by his polemical sharp in favor of the old ones against the partisans of the modern discoveries, one was going to especially hear it for his witty remarks and his satirical features; large lords, receiving it with dining, placed one louis of gold under its plate, to recognize the pleasure that its sarcastic liveliness caused them. It is found whole in its Lettres , which it did not intend for publicity and which makes live its name.
Guy Patin was especially a prolix and sometimes frightening épistolier. In its correspondence followed with the principal scientists of Europe, the news of the day, the details curious on the literature and the famous men about time, the witty remarks abounds, with boldnesses of all kinds, a visible ill will, much of passion, crudeness and sometimes of the coarseness. Its pleasant, light and humorous style made of him a philosopher libertine. Its letters are a resource of choice for the historians of medicine.
“GUI Shoe, known as Vigneul-Marville, was satirist since the head to the feet… Its hat, its collet, its coat, its pourpoint, its fit, its boots, all that made nargue with the mode and the lawsuit with vanity. It had in the face the air of Cicéron, and in the spirit the character of Rabelais. ”
However, according to the remark of Bayle, its letters, written for the intimacy, show the entire man and with the naturalness. Familiar, without claim, often enjouées, they have the carelessness of a conversation and the approval of a confidence. The inaccuracies do not miss there, and the French sentence is frequently cut there by passages in Latin, language which the author affectionnait and wrote with elegance.
His/her son, Charles Patin, was doctor like him.
Twenty years after the death of Guy Shoe, one published his selected Lettres , since 1645 until in 1672 (Cologne, 1692, 3 vol. in-12). One printed then a Nouveau collection of selected Letters (1695, 2 vol. in-12; then New letters of fire Mr. GUI Shoe, drawn from the cabinet of Charles Spon (1718, 2 vol. in-12). Awaked-Parise gave a new edition of it, including/understanding all the preceding collections Paris. 1846, 3 vol. in-8°). Thirteen Latin Lettres of Guy Patin were inserted in the Clarorum virorum epistolæ (1702, in-8°). One allots the Latin Éloges to him of the doctor Simon Piètre and the provost of the merchants François Myron, in the Éloges of Papire Masson. It also left some writings on medicine, and published the Apologie for Galien per G. Hoffman (Lyon, 1668, 2 vol. in-4°). Bayle published a Patiniana 1703, in-12, and Bordeleu the Spirit of GUI Shoe (1709, in-12)
- Gustave Vapereau, universal Dictionary of the literatures , Paris, Hatchet, 1876, p. 1554
- Thesis of the School of the charters of Laure Jestaz (2001)
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