Gulf of Bothnia
The Gulf of Bothnia is located in the the Baltic, between the Finnish coasts at the east and the Swedish coasts in the west. At the south of the gulf are located the archipelago of Åland (Swedish name) or Ahvenanmaa (Finnish name), which are the principal islands of the gulf. They are of Finnish sovereignty, but are largely autonomous and the population mainly speaks there Swedish.
The term “Bothnia” is a Latinization of the meaning Vieux norrois botn “low”. As old man norrois, the gulf was indeed called Helsingjabotn , according to botn and Häslingland , term which indicated the west coast of the gulf. It will also give its name to the areas of Västerbotten and Österbotten, which respectively borders north of the gulf in the west and the east. One finds the low direction in the Finnish word meaning Österbotten, Pohjanmaa: Pohja means indeed at the same time " bas" and " nord".
Data geophysicsThe gulf is long 725 km and broad from 80 to 240 km, according to the places. Its average depth is of 60 meters and its maximum depth of 295 meters. It has an total surface area of 117 ' 000 km ².
Many rivers are thrown in the gulf, as well on the Swedish coast as on the Finnish coast. Consequently, the Salinité of the gulf is increasingly strong when one goes towards the south. In the extreme north of the gulf, salinity is so low that one cannot feel the taste of salt any more and much of fresh water fish live there.
Lastly, the gulf is cold for five months, the starting and there finishing freezing of the Baltic.
Cities bordering the gulf
Simple: GULF off Bothnia
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