See also: Guinea (homonymy)
HistoryArticle détaillé : History of the Guinea-Bissau
The Portuguese colonists settle on the bissau-Guinean coasts in 1446. The Portuguese leave the country after the Révolution of the eyelets in 1974. The African Left for the independence Guinea and Cape Verde which had carried out the political struggle then military for independence gains the elections. After 12 years a keen fight the people bissau-Guinean saw his proclamation of state in 1973 with UNO.
PolicyArticle détaillé : Political of the Guinea-Bissau
Following a military coup d'etat in 2003, the country undertook a democratic phase of standardization since, culminating with legislative elections in 2004 and a presidential election the July 24th 2005.
SubdivisionsArticle détaillé : Subdivisions of the Guinea-Bissau
Article détaillé : Geography of the Guinea-Bissau
The Guinea-Bissau, officially called Republic of Guinea-Bissau (or República da Guiné-Bissau) is a country of West Africa bathed by the Atlantic Ocean, limited to north by the Senegal, in the east and in the south by the Guinea (or Guinea Conakry), that is to say French-speaking States. From its geographical location, the Guinea-Bissau is thus wedged in French-speaking Africa, that is to say between Guinea and Senegal.
The Guinea-Bissau owes its name with its capital, Bissau, and extends on 36.125 km ² with low tide (28 000 km ² with high tide) (what is hardly wider than the Belgium), including an about sixty islands in the Atlantic, of which the Archipel of Bijagos also called Archipel of Bissagos.
See also: Towns of Guinea-Bissau.
The Guinea-Bissau is member of the economic Union and monetarist West African.
The independent source of currencies is the export of Cashew nut. The country has many Natural resources: bauxite, wood, oil, phosphates, fish. The agricultural potential is enormous.
In spite of these many assets, the Guinea-Bissau is one of the principal least Advanced Countries (LDC). The Indicator of Human development (IDH) is of 0,35. In 2005, the budget of the State depends to 75% on the international assistance. There is no everywhere electricity and the majority of the inhabitants live with less than 1 euro per day.
DemographyArticle détaillé : Demography of the Guinea-Bissau
Culturedetailed Article: Culture of the Guinea-Bissau
Population : 1.500.000 inhabitants (in 2005). 0-14 years: 42,09%; 15-64 years: 55,05%; + 65 years: 2,86%
Superficie : 36.120 km ²
Densité : 42 hab./km²
Borders terrestres : 724 km (Guinea 386 km; Senegal 338 km)
Littoral : 350 km
Ends of altitude : 0 m > + 300 m
Life expectancy of the hommes : 47 years (in 2001)
Life expectancy of the femmes : 52 years (in 2001)
Growth rate of the population : 2,23% (in 2001)
Rate of natalité : 39,29 ‰ (in 2001)
Rate of mortalité : 15,33 ‰ (in 2001)
Death rate infantile : 110,4 ‰ (in 2001)
Rate of fécondité : 5,2 children/woman (in 2001)
Rate of migration : - 1,66 ‰ (in 2001)
Indépendance : September 24th 1973 (old Portuguese colony )
Lines of téléphone : 10.600 (in 2005)
Telephones portables : 84.800 (in 2004)
Stations of radio : 49.000 (in 1997)
Stations of télévision : n.c.
Users of Internet : 1.500 (in 2000)
Many suppliers of Internet  access;: 1 (in 2000)
Routes : 4.400 km (including 453 tarred km) (in 1996)
Ways ferrées : aucune
Ways navigables : n.c.
Number of aéroports : 29 (including 3 with tarred tracks) (in 2000)
CodesThe Guinea-Bissau has as codes:
- GBS, according to the Code list country of the CIO,
- GNB, according to the standard ISO 3166-1 (code list country), code alpha-3,
- GNB according to the Code list countries used by NATO, code alpha-3,
- GW, according to the standard ISO 3166-1 (code list country), code alpha-2,
- PU, according to the Code list countries used by NATO, code alpha-2,
- ??? zzz according to the international Code list of the number plates,
- Practical informations on the site of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs
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