The baron Guillaume Dupuytren , born with Pierre-Buffière (High-Vienna) the October 6th 1777 and died in Paris the February 8th 1835, is a Anatomiste and surgeon military French. Il left its name to a diminishes that it described in 1831.
It is named at 18 years Prosecteur of the Faculty of Paris and, at 24 years, chief of anatomical work. He is professor of surgery in 1812, surgeon as a chief of the Hôtel-Dieu in 1815. He is also general inspector of the University in 1808, baron in 1816 and first surgeon of the king. He is elected member of the Academy of Science in 1825.
Dupuytren was before any professor and expert. It carried out and improved almost all surgical operations. One owes him several new operations at the 19th century, in particular the cicatrization of the intestine in the strangulated hernias.
It piled up a great fortune, which one estimates at: 3000000 francs in 1830. It offered the third of them to Charles X exiled. It bequeathed to Faculty a sum of: 200000 francs, which was used with the foundation of a pulpit of pathological anatomy and for creation of an anatomical museum, named in its honor the Musée Dupuytren.
Dupuytren contributed several articles in the Dictionnaire of medicine and he is the author of memories on the anuses against nature, the binding of the principal arterial trunks and on the fracture of the fibula.
Medicine in Paris At the newly established Medical school, and was appointed by competition prosector when only eighteen years off old. His early studies were directed chiefly to anatomical Pathology. In 1803 He was appointed assistant-sucker At the Hospital, and in 1811 professor off operative Surgery in succession to R.B. Sabatier. In 1816 He was appointed to the flesh off clinical surgery, and became head sucker At the Hospital.
Dupuytren' S energy and industry were alike remarkable. He visited the Hospital morning and evening, performing At each time several operations, lectured to vast throngs off students, gave advice to his outpatients, and fulfilled the duties consequent upon one off the largest practices off modern times. By his indefatigable activity He amassed has fortune, the bulk off which He bequeathed to his daughter, with the deduction off considerable sums for the endowment off the anatomical flesh in the Medical school, and the Establishment off has benevolent institution for distressed physicians. Important The most off Dupuytren' S writings is his Treatise one Artificial Anus , in which ugly He applied the principles down by John Hunter. In his operations He was remarkable for his skill and dexterity, and for his great readiness off resource. -->
- Jules Germain François Maisonneuve
- Fracture of Pott
- Diminishes of Dupuytren (disease of Dupuytren)
- Baron Guillaume Dupuytren WhoNamedIt.
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