Greenville (South Carolina)
See also: Greenville
Greenville is a city of the State of South Carolina in the United States. It is the seat and more the big city of the Comté of Greenville. With its historical houses and its skyscrapers of modern times, Greenville is described an example of a meeting of the “Old South
“Combined Statistical Area” ( statistical Zone combined ) (SCUMS) of Greenville, indicated by the Office of the census of the United States, is estimated in 2005 to have a population of 1.185.534. The county of Greenville is the most populated State with 407.383 people, but because its urban limits counts less than 30 km ², the population of the clean city is only 56.002 (Recensement of State-Plain the of 2000).
The Town of Greenville is the city densément populated State, and the county of Greenville has also the greatest population density of any county of South Carolina. Greenville is the principal city of the “Upstate” ( High-state ) of South Carolina, an urban center which includes the six counties of the North-West of South Carolina at the edge of the borders of the States of North Carolina and of Georgia.
The area was originally part of the territories protected for the Tchérokîs by the treaty from 1763 at the end from War the Seven Year old. No European had the right to enter, except some families already in the area, and the European tradesmen regularly crossed the area. The first permanent European immigrant was Richard Pearis, who settled close to the water falls of the Reedy river after 1770. The mountain of Paris, the mountain with a sight on the city, is incorrectly named for him.
Hang the American Révolution, Tchérokîs (and Pearis) chose the party of the English. After 1776, Tchérokîs approved the treaty of the Corner of DeWitt our they yielded the territory which includes Comté of Greenville to South Carolina.
Greenville was originally called Pleasantburg. The county of Greenville was created in 1786, but was called Greenville District of 1800 up to 1868. The area was probably named for an American general of the Revolution, Nathanael Greene.
In the 20th century, before the center of trade of the area, the downtown area of Greenville started to languish in the Années 1960 when the large hypermarkets in the suburbs allured trades it. It was a downtown area dying in a center of growth. To fight this difficulty, the Town of Greenville swore to recreate a good environment of trade to support companies, residences, and arts.
Initially they focused to improve the image of the downtown area by the improvement of the streets and the access for the pedestrians. Basically, the city narrowed the street of Stree Hand of four two-track; installed parking angle, trees, and lights of street; and directed the creation of the parks and places to the downtown area.
In the years 1980, Greenville set up the foundation for their vision of his center cheap and gave an example of the possibility of the businesses to the downtown area in the luxury hotel and centers businesses Greenville Commons/Hyatt Regency. The city developed and a great plan for the downtown area.
In the years 1990, Greenville continued to create bonds public and private to develop durably. The city also redéveloppé a park industrial languished before of a complex of arts which incorporated historical buildings. They continued to protect the historical quarters from downtown area with a multi-useful project of the shops, restaurants, and offices, which helped the residential development of the high stages and the new apartments.
Greenville is with 34°50 ′ 40 ″ Northern, 82°23 ′ 8 Western ″ (34.844313, -82.385428).
With the cause of the strict laws on the annexation, the proper town of Greenville is relatively small as a population and in, but the urban center compares well with other states-uniennes municipalities of intermediate size. Greenville is in Piedmont of the the Appalachian Mountains, and has hills mediums. The point highest of South Carolina, the Mountains Sassafras, is close to the North-West of the County of Greenville. Mountain Paris, the larger second in the area, is the place of the towers of television is the radio operator. According to the Office of census of the United States, Greenville has, into total, a surface of 67,7 km ²; 67,5 km ² are the ground, and 0,2 km ² and water. The total surface area is 0,23% water.
According to the census of 2000
56.002 people 24.382 households 12.581 families
62.12% Europe 33.94% Africa (North-Africa excluded) 1.37% others 1.27% Asia 0.14% America 1.11% mixed one 0.06% The Pacific
The density of the population was 829 personnes/km ². There were 27.295 units of housing with an average density of 404 personnes/km ².
22,3% of the households had children month 18 years 32,7% had of the husbands 15,5% had a mother alone 48,4% were not families
40.8% had only one person 12.8% had somebody 65 years or more which lived alone.
The intermediate size of a hearth was 2,11 The intermediate size of a family was 2,90
Distribution of the population
20,0% less than 18 years 13,8% from 18 to 24 years 31,3% from 25 to 44 years 20,5% from 45 to 64 years 14,4% 65 years and more
The Middle Age was 35 years
89,9 men for 100 women 86,8 men by 100 18 year old women and more
$33 144 for a household $44 125 for a family
$35 111 for a man $25 339 for a woman
$23 242 by population
12.2% of the families 16.1% of the population 22.7% less than 18 years 17.5% 65 years or more
Since the American Civil War, the saving in Greenville was largely founded on the manufacture of the textiles. Greenville was known like “the world capital of textile”. The wages bases and of the favorable subsidies allured foreign companies to invest much in the area. Greenville is the North-American seat principal of Michelin and BMW (which also built built a large factory towards the east of Greenville in suburbs of Greer, South Carolina).
These sociétées, and others like General Electric, announced durable growth of the area. Recently, Clemson University, BMW, Timken, IBM, Microsoft, Michelin, and Society off Automotive Engineers International (SAE) combined to create the International Center for Automotive Research (ICAR) (international Center for automotive research) on the highway Interstate 85 in the town of Greenville.
Also on the highway Interstate 85 around the ICAR, Millennium Campus is a zone of businesses of 200ha existing to make come from the large companies. A large company building its seat pricipale in Greenville over there is Hubbell Lighting, Inc., a total producer of the residential and commercial lights. Through highway Interstate 85 of the ICAR and Millennium Campus, a new development of 445ha (Verdae Development) is in its first phases of construction.
Lockheed Martin Aircraft & Logistics Center are a great center of aeronautical maintenance in Greenville in Donaldson Center Industrial Air Park, an old base of the army of the US Air Force, also the site of the offices of 3M, Honeywell, Stevens Aviation, and several other companies and organizations.
The legislative branch
The town of Greenville is directed pricipalement by the Town council. The council joined together each week with 206 S. Main Street/9th stage to discuss and vote to the measures to improve the daily life of the citizens. Each fortnight, the council invites citizens to imply and make petitions. Committees directed by one of the members of the town council meet regularly each month to discuss the problem specific, like a microcosm of the municipal council. The six conseilleurs are elected quads districtes of a member with two total conseilleurs. In spite of the time they could into the city, they are share-time. The mayor is also the president of the council.
List off Council Members ace off June 2005:
Mayor : Knox White
- Mayor pro in time : Lillian Brock Flemming, District 2
- Appointed mayor pro in time and President, Committee on public works : C. Diane Smock, Total
- President, Committee on economic development : Michelle R. Shain, Total
- President, Committee of public hello : Debra Mr. Sofield, District
- President, Committee on the quality of vie/l' environment : Chandra E. Dillard, District 3
- President, Committee on the finances/l' administration : Garry W. Coulter, District 4
The executive branch
While having adopted a system of municipal government of council-manager in 1976, the municipal manager of Greenville holds the majority of the executive power, the mayor being a role largely cérémoniale. The current manager is Mr. James Mr. Bourey. He is responsible for the business daily of the government of the city, directing the departments of the governments, proposing the budget and several other important tasks. The gesetionnaire municipal is with the office with the pleasure of the town council.
The branch judiciale
Under the charter of the town of Greenville, municipal justice is indicated municipal council to receive felt sorry for concerning the ordinances municipal ones. The municipal council indicate also an administrative justice to manage subpoenas, calls of inquête and stops. Deputies take the place of justice when it cannot receive felt sorry for.
municipal Justice actualle: Matthew R. Hawley, Jr.
Health and Formation
Like more the big city top of the state, Greenville offers several activities and attractions. The theater and of the places of events accommodate concerts and theater companies.
Places of events
- Palmetto Expo Center, more the large palace of the congresses between Atlanta and Washington DC, has more than 29.300m ² for the exhibitions and more than 8.200m ² for the meetings and of the congresses.
- Bi-Lo Center, an arena of 16.000 seats to the downtown area of Greenville which accommodates several concerts and events each year.
- Peace Center, a center of the dramatic arts which accommodates spectacles of Broadway, symphonies, concerts and events civic. Internationally known for its acoustic quality, the Peace Center is also the seat of the Carolina Ballet Theater, Greenville Symphony Orchestra and Greenville Chorale.
- The Warehouse Theater, a theater independent in operation for 32 years, is at the historical quarters of West-End.
- The South Carolina Governor' S School For The Arts & Humanities, is a public lycée of residence for of the Art schools and accommodates several events gathered by its students.
Historical places (to be translated)
- Falls Park on Reedy, is a large regional park with beautiful gardens and the site of Liberty Bridge, a supporting bridge for the pedestrians. It is on the river of Reedy until the south of the downtown area in West-End.
- Greenville County Museum off Art is home to the highly acclaimed Southern Collection off art that features art off the South dating back to the 1700 ' S.
- Bob Jones University Museum and Gallery is located one the campus off Bob Jones University, and is widely acclaimed ace the finest collection off religious art in the Western Hemisphere. It features Italian, Spanish, French, English, Flemish, Dutch, and German sacred art from the 14th through the 19th centuries, from artists such ace Rubens, van Dyck, Reni, Tintoretto, the Brown one, Cranach, Ribera, and Murillo, ace well ace period furniture, sculpture, tapestries, and porcelains.
- Greenville Zoo, in Cleveland Park, is home to many examples off the world' S wildlife.
- Roper Mountain Science Center has resource for area students, and is home to the largest planetarium in South Carolina.
- Furman University Japanese Garden features has small teahouse.
InnoVenture each March helps the development of the “Communities of Innovation” around the corporations, universities, and new companies in Southeastern Innovation Corridor.
- ARTISPHERE each April is a expostition of arts to underline the development of the area to the international scales. It offers various experiments centralized on arts.
- Fall for Greenville is a great festival which occurs each year to the downtown area the first end of the week in October. This festival focuses on the regional kitchen with free concerts and the race bicycle Greenville Cycling Classic.
- Greek Festival is a festival which does without in May carried out by the members by the members from the orthodoxe Église of Greece who offer the Greek kitchen and cultural activities.
- Arts in the Park is a festival of arts which takes place close to the Reedy Park in the center town.
- Reedy To rivet Run a race with ten kilometers which has in February place or March.
- The Red Party is it boom annual in History Museum off the Upcountry, a financing campaign for AID Upstate, an organization dedicated to the service of the Sida.
- United States Road Race Cycling Championships is a race of bicycle which takes place at the beginning of September and which brings together professional cyclists while testing for the championship of United States National Road Race Champion and Time Trial Champion.
Greenville Drive subsidiary company of the league minor of the Boston Red Sox. Drive began their first season in their new stage with the downtown area on April 6th, 2006.
- Greenville Grrrowl equips with minor hockey of the league in the ECHL.
- Until 2003 Greenville accommodated the team of Basket-ball of NBDL named Greenville Groove, champion in Text.
Arts and Culture
- Greenville News daily Newspaper with the greatest assistantship of Piedmont of South Carolina.
Greenville weekly Newspaper Newspaper of the businesses and the current events.
Happy A twice-weekly newspaper locally had, against the property of “Greenville News/Upstate Link” by Gannett, and the “Greenville Newspaper” by Community Journals. Formerly called MertoBEAT. Its devices include the local policy, arts/entertainments, businesses, and the criticism and review of the many pounds, disk compact, films, and places of religion nevertheless.
Upstate Link Newspaper weekly, had by Greenville News, targeted towards a professional young assistantship. Upstate Link was created in 2004 for against “The Beat” with devices in common with it. However, its calendar of the Event sl' Upstate Link
Greenville is on the Autoroute inter-State of Interstate Highway I-85 between Atlanta and Charlotte, with the I-385 highways and I-185 in service of the others areas of the agglomeration subway. The I-26 highway is until the North-East with Spartanburg.
The highways states-uniennes which serve the agglomeration are U.S. Highway 123 (Calhoun Memorial Highway), U.S. 25, Business U.S. Highway 25, U.S. 29 and U.S. 276.
Greenville is also been used by the authority of transport in commun runs as Greenville Transit Authority (GTA). AWG function a system of buses which are used the agglomeration as Greenville and almost all the county of Greenville too.
Service shoed Crescent Greenville joint with the towns of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C, Charlotte, Atlanta, Birmingham, and New-Orleans. The Amtrak station is located at the street 1120 West Washington Street.
Greenville is served by two airports, Greenville Downtown Airport (GMU) for the private aircrafts, and an international airport which serf of the airline companies, Greenville-Spartanburg International Airport (GSP). GSP is the airport charged with the State, and GMU is the third.
In preparation for the future, the leaders of the city are in the fundamental stages of planning of a system understanding of férées ways light to eliminate stresses it sure the highways. However, this plan is only still in idea. Also, Greenville would be part of the possible plan of the Département of Transport of the United States for a line at high speed of Southeast High Speed Rail Corridor from Washington to Birmingham.
Already in construction is a tram of the traditional type to go between the downtown area of Greenville and the University of Furman.
Charles H. Townes (1915-), physicist and gaining Nobel Prize of physics for the creation of the laser.
- Jesse Jackson (1941-), two-time presidential candidate, activist in the civil lines, and priest Baptist
- “Shoeless Joe” ( Exposed Joe ) Jackson (1889-1951), player of large leagues of Major League baseball with the larger third average with the stick of his career.
- Robert Reynolds " Bob" Jones, Sr. (1883-1968), evangelist, founder of Bob Jones University
- Kevin Garnett, player of professional tennis shoe
- Bryant Browning, Song writer and performer
- Peabo Bryson, singer
- Thomas Quinton Donaldson, Brigadier general of the First World War
- John O. Donaldson (wire of Thomas), have-pilot of the First World War and gagnor of the MacKay cut in aviation; the aérobase Donaldson Air Force Bases in Greenville is named for him.
- George Hincapie, cyclist professional
- Jason Keller and Butch Lindley, driver racing of NASCAR
- Edwin McCain, song writer and performer the pop one/rock'n'roll
- Aaron Tippin, celebrates Country music
- Josh White (c.1915-1969), singer and guitarist of the music Folk, Blues, and Gospel.
- Dorothy Allison, autrice of “Bastard Out Off Carolina” ( Bastard of Carolines .
- Rudolph Anderson, only the death of the Crisis of the missiles of Cuba.
- Courtrai, Belgium
- Tianjin, China
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