The grave accent is a diacritic that one finds in various Alphabet S.
Greek alphabetThe grave accent Greek did not appear, in Greek old, that on the last Syllabe of a word, whenever the intonation of this one were serious. Besides the serious term derives from the Latin climbed (heavy), even translated to him from the Greek βαρύς, who indicated this intonation.
Latin alphabetIn the Latin alphabet, the grave accent is directly borrowed from the Greek alphabet. Less current that the Acute accent, one finds it in a general way on the Voyelle S has, E, O and U, in the following languages:
In Catalan ( accent greu or obert ), it indicates the position of the tonic accent and also the Aperture of the vowels /e/ and /o/ (which can be open or closed):
- with ( català )
- E ( enciclopèdia )
- ò ( història )
In Scottish, it notes a long vowel.
In Welsh, the grave accent is used to note a short vowel in a word which, in the contrary case, would be pronounced with a long vowel, such as for example mẁg (“cup”) and mwg (“smoked”).
- with ( libertà )
- E ( coffee )
- ò ( parlò )
- ù ( virtù or virtú )
- ì ( partì or partí )
In Norwegian, the grave accent indicates that the syllable that it diacrite is accentuated, in order to differentiate certain words like og (“and”) and òg (“also”).
The Character set ASCII does not contain an accented accentuated letter. At the time where it was about only the Page of code available, it was possible to emulate the grave accent while placing a Apostrophe reversed in front of the letter: for example, by writing “
fi `ere” for “proud”. In VIQR, the reversed apostrophe was placed afterwards, for example “
e `” for “E”.
The standard ISO 8859-1 includes the character S With, with, E, E, Ì, ì, Ò, ò, Ù and ù. Several tens of other letters carrying a grave accent are available with Unicode. This standard also includes a character grave accent which can combine with other characters.
On some keyboard S, the grave accent has a reserved key intended to be combined with a vowel.
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