This article concerns the Gratien Roman Emperor. For the canonist, to see Decree of Gratien.
August 24th, 367 Valentinien Ier, which had just been seriously sick proclaimed emperor in Amiens his son Gratien (Flavius Gratianus), who became Auguste at eight years, without never to have been César.
In 375, Gratien being absent, the soldiers of Pannonia proclaimed Empereur another son of Valentinien, Valentinien II, four years old. Gratien accepted the division of the Empire and conceded in Valentinien II the Illyrie.
January 19th, 379, Gratien proclaimed Auguste the Spaniard Théodose Ier, wire of the general Théodose Old the, which repressed the rising of Firmus, in 375 and which was carried out with Carthage, in 376, probably on the order of Gratien. Théodose accepted the East.
In 383, Gratien had to face the insurrection of a Spanish general of the army of Brittany, Magnus Clemens Maximus or Maxime, and was overcome and killed as a Gaulle, in Lyon. Maxime being returned Master of all the prefecture of Gaules, Théodose recognized it emperor into 384.
Gratien was shown very benevolent towards the pope Damase Ier and from 382 the Paganisme fought. It removed in particular immunities which the priests and the Vestales enjoyed and was the first emperor to refuse to carry the title of pontifex maximus. In 381, it had transported its capital of Trier to Milan, near the bishop Ambroise.
It should be noted that in 377, its honor, the village of “Cularo” was famous “Gratianopolis” (current Grenoble) after having been high with the row of “city” by Gratien.
Holy Damask (Pope from 366 to 384)
- Holy Ambroise, bishop of Milan
- Valentinien (his/her father), emperor in Occident
- Valens (younger brother of Valentinien), emperor in the East
- Valentinien II (his/her brother), also emperor in Occident
- Maxime, general usurper, emperor
- Théodose Ier (wire of the general Théodose Old the), emperor in the East
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