The government is the whole of the people and the services charged with the Executive power in a State. The government must decide and undertake the actions necessary to the control of the State. It of it is responsible in front of the citizens.
Politically, in a parliamentary Mode, the government divides the Executive power with the Head of the State which can be a Monarque (case of the the United Kingdom) or a president elected with the Vote for all direct (case of the France) or indirect. It is responsible in front of the Parlement in a parliamentary Régime.
A government is generally made up, under the authority of an Head of government can be called [[Prime Minister] (as in France), President of the Council (as in Italy and France under IIIe and IVe République), or Chancelier (as in Germany)], of Minister S and is responsible politically in front of the Parlement in a mode of the type Parlementaire. Each minister is titular of a ministerial Portefeuille. The ministers are interdependent and the government is thus a collegial body. The resignation of the chief of the government involves that of all the government.
In a Presidential regime, the government is placed under the direct authority of the Head of the State and is not responsible in front of the Parlement. The ministers composing government are individually responsible in front of the Head of the State; it thus is not about a collegial body.
In a broad direction, the government indicates the whole of the constitutional public authorities, i.e. central institutions envisaged by the Constitution and having the political power. For example for France, the government of the Fifth French Republic is consisted of the president of the Republic, the government strictly speaking, the Parliament and the Constitutional council. It is in this direction of the government term which one can say that a State is composed of a territory, a population and a government. It is as in this direction as the “form of government” indicates the political regime of a State.
See also: French government
Other countriesto see: : Category: Government by country
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